George Cathcart

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Sir George Cathcart
Gcathcart.jpg
General Sir George Cathcart
Born 12 May 1794
Died 5 November 1854 (aged 60)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Quatre Bras, Waterloo Crimean War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

General The Honourable Sir George Cathcart GCB (12 May 1794 – 5 November 1854) was a British general and diplomat.

Military career[edit]

He was born in Renfrewshire, son of William Cathcart, 1st Earl Cathcart. After receiving his education at Eton and in Edinburgh, he was commissioned into the Life Guards in 1810.[1] He saw service in the United States and Flanders, distinguished himself at the bombardment of Copenhagen and represented England at the court of Russia and during the Congress of Vienna.

He was aide-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington in 1815 at the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo.

In 1852 to 1853, as Governor of the Cape of Good Hope,[2] he granted the first constitution to the colony, ended the 8th Cape Frontier War and crushed the Basutos.[1]

In 1853 he was appointed Adjutant-General to the Forces.[3]

He was killed during the Battle of Inkerman in the Crimean War, on 5 November 1854.[1]

The town of Cathcart, Eastern Cape, South Africa is named for him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Victorian Web
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21283. p. 161. 10 January 1852. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21503. p. 3683. 16 December 1853. Retrieved 2009-11-14.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • George Cathcart, Commentaries on the War in Russia and Germany in 1812 and 1818, London: 1850.
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Harry Smith
Governor of the Cape Colony
1852–1853
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Henry Darling, acting
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir George Brown
Adjutant General
1853–1854
Succeeded by
Sir George Wetherall