George Cholmondeley, 2nd Marquess of Cholmondeley

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Houghton Hall, ancestral home of the Marquess of Cholmondeley since the establishment of the title in 1815, has now opened some of its rooms and grounds to the public.

George Horatio Cholmondeley, 2nd Marquess of Cholmondeley PC (/ˈʌmli/; 16 January 1792 – 8 May 1870), styled Viscount Malpas from 1792 to 1815 and subsequently Earl of Rocksavage to 1827 was a British peer and Lord Great Chamberlain of England between 1838 and 1870. Before being called to the House of Lords, he was a Tory Member of Parliament from 1817 through 1821.[1]

Personal[edit]

Cholmondeley was a direct descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was the eldest son of George James Cholmondeley, who had been created the first Marquess of Cholmondeley in 1815. His mother was the former Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, second daughter and co-heir of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven.[2] Like his father[3] and his younger brother,[4] Lord George was educated at Eton.[1]

Cholmondeley married Caroline Campbell, second daughter of Sir Colin Campbell in 1812. She died in 1815.

George IV's train was borne by eight eldest sons of peers and by the Master of the Robes. From left to right: The King, Earl of Surrey, Marquess of Douro, Viscount Cranborne, Earl of Brecnock, Earl of Uxbridge, Earl of Rocksavage, Earl of Rawdon, Viscount Ingestre and Lord Francis Conyngham.

He was a participant in the coronation of King George IV.

In 1830, he married Lady Susan Somerset, fourth daughter of Henry Charles Somerset, 6th Duke of Beaufort, in 1830. Both unions were childless.[2] The Dowager Marchioness Susan survived her husband for 16 years; and she died in 1886.

Career[edit]

In 1817, Cholmondeley was elected to the House of Commons for Castle Rising, a seat he held until 1821,[1] when he was called to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Newburgh.[1] In 1830, Cholmondeley was admitted to the Privy Council. In addition, he held the office of Constable of Castle Rising between 1858 and 1870.[1]

Lands and estates[edit]

The family seats are Houghton Hall, Norfolk, and Cholmondeley Castle, which is surrounded by a 7,500 acres (30 km2) estate near Malpas, Cheshire.[5]

The 2nd marquis died in May 1870, aged 78, and was succeeded in his land, estates and titles by his younger brother William.[4]

Position at court[edit]

One moiety part of the ancient office of Lord Great Chamberlain is a Cholmondeley inheritance.[6] This hereditary honour came into the Cholmondeley family through the marriage of the first Marquess of Cholmondeley to Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, daughter of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven.[7] The second, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh holders of the marquesate have all held this office.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Augustus Cavendish-Bradshaw
Fulk Greville Howard
Member of Parliament for Castle Rising
1817–1821
With: Fulk Greville Howard
Succeeded by
William Cholmondeley
Fulk Greville Howard
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George James Cholmondeley
Marquess of Cholmondeley
1827–1870
Succeeded by
William Cholmondeley
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
George Cholmondeley}
Baron Newburgh
(writ in acceleration)

1821–1870
Succeeded by
William Cholmondeley