George Chrystal

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This article is about the Scottish mathematician. For his son, Sir George Chrystal, see George Chrystal (civil servant).
George Chrystal
George Chrystal.jpg
George Chrystal (1851–1911)
Born (1851-03-08)8 March 1851
Old Meldrum, Scotland, UK
Died 3 November 1911(1911-11-03) (aged 60)
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Residence Scotland, UK
Nationality Scottish, UK
Fields Physicist and mathematician
Institutions University of St Andrews
University of Cambridge
University of Edinburgh
Alma mater University of Aberdeen
University of Cambridge
Academic advisors James Clerk Maxwell
Notable students Joseph Wedderburn
Known for Experimental verification of Ohm's law
Notable awards Royal Medal (1911)

George Chrystal (1851–1911) was a Scottish mathematician.[1]

He was born in Old Meldrum and educated at Aberdeen Grammar School and the University of Aberdeen, moving in 1872 to study under James Clerk Maxwell at Peterhouse, Cambridge, where he graduated Second wrangler in 1875, joint with William Burnside, and was elected a fellow of Corpus Christi.[2] He was appointed to the Regius Chair of Mathematics at University of St. Andrews in 1877, and then in 1879 to the Chair in Mathematics at the University of Edinburgh. In 1911, he was awarded the Royal Medal of the Royal Society for his researches into the surface oscillations of Scottish lakes.[3]

He was a contributor to the drafting of the Universities (Scotland) Act 1889 and one of the founders of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society.


  • Chrystal, George (May 1999) [1886]. Algebra: An Elementary Text-Book for the Higher Classes of Secondary Schools and for Colleges. (Volumes I & II) (7 ed.). American Mathematical Society;. ISBN 978-0-8218-1931-9.  (Out of copyright: 1900 and subsequent editions are available in reprint or online.)


  1. ^ Knott, C. G. (9 Nov 1911). "obit. Prof. George Chrystal". Nature 88 (2193): 47–49. doi:10.1038/088047b0. 
  2. ^ "Chrystal, George (CHRL871G)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Chrystal, George". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York. 

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