George Earle Chamberlain

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George E. Chamberlain
George E Chamberlain 2.jpg
11th Governor of Oregon
In office
January 15, 1903 – February 28, 1909
Preceded by T. T. Geer
Succeeded by Frank W. Benson
United States Senator from Oregon
In office
March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1921
Preceded by Charles W. Fulton
Succeeded by Robert N. Stanfield
Personal details
Born (1854-01-01)January 1, 1854
Natchez, Mississippi
Died July 9, 1928(1928-07-09) (aged 74)
Washington, DC
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Sallie Chamberlain
Profession Lawyer

George Earle Chamberlain (January 1, 1854 – July 9, 1928) was an American politician, legislator, and public official in Oregon. A native of Mississippi and trained lawyer, he was a Democrat who served as the 11th Governor of Oregon, a representative in the Oregon Legislative Assembly, and a United States Senator.

Early life[edit]

Chamberlain was born near Natchez, Mississippi, he attended private and public schools in Natchez, was clerk in a general merchandise store there from 1870 to 1872. He graduated from the academic and law departments of Washington and Lee University in 1876, where he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. In December 1876 he moved to Oregon, where he found a teaching position near Albany. In 1877 he was admitted to the bar, and from 1878 to 1879, he was clerk of Linn County. In 1878 he served in the Linn County Rifles, a volunteer militia formed to combat hostile Indians in eastern Oregon[1] (probably the Bannock War.)

Political career[edit]

He was a member of the Oregon House of Representatives from 1880 to 1882, and was district attorney for the third judicial district from 1884 to 1886. He was appointed attorney general of Oregon, holding that office from 1891 to 1894.

In 1902, Chamberlain was elected Governor of Oregon, was reelected in 1906. In 1908 he was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate; he was reelected in 1914 and served from March 4, 1909, to March 4, 1921. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Senate in 1920; while a Senator, he was chairman of the Committee on Geological Survey (Sixty-second Congress) and a member of the Committee on Military Affairs (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses), the Committee on Public Lands (Sixty-third Congress), and the Committee on Expenditures in the War Department (Sixty-sixth Congress). The Chamberlain Military Preparedness Bill of 1918, which he wrote, bears his name.

Later years[edit]

He was a member of the United States Shipping Board from 1921 to 1923 and engaged in the practice of law in Washington, D.C.; he died there in 1928, and interment was in Arlington National Cemetery.

John Archer and Stevenson Archer, both United States Representatives from Maryland, were Chamberlain's grandfather and great-grandfather, respectively.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External link[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Charles W. Fulton
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Oregon
1909–1921
Succeeded by
Robert N. Stanfield