George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland

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The Duke of Northumberland
1stDukeOfNorthumberland.gif
Duke of Northumberland
Spouse(s) Catherine Wheatley
Mary Dutton
Father Charles II of England
Mother Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
Born (1665-12-28)28 December 1665
Died 28 June 1716(1716-06-28) (aged 50)

Lieutenant-General George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG, PC (28 December 1665 – 28 June 1716) was the third and youngest illegitimate son of King Charles II and his mother Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine (also known as Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland). On 1 October 1674, he was created Earl of Northumberland, Baron of Pontefract (Yorkshire) and Viscount Falmouth (Cornwall). On 6 April 1683, he was created Duke of Northumberland.

The first Duke of Northumberland was born at Merton College, Oxford. In 1682, he was employed on secret service in Venice. Upon his return to England in 1684, he was elected (10 January) and installed (8 April) Knight of the Garter. That summer, he served as a volunteer on the side of the French at the Siege of Luxembourg. In 1687, Northumberland commanded the 2nd Troop of Horse Guards. A year later, he was appointed a lord of His Majesty's bedchamber. In 1701, he was appointed Constable of Windsor Castle, in 1710 Lord Lieutenant of Surrey, and in 1712, he became Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire as well. In 1703, he succeeded the Earl of Oxford as Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Horse. Seven years later, on 10 January 1710, he became Lieutenant-General. On 7 April 1713, he was sworn into the Privy Council and as Chief Butler of England.

In March 1686, Northumberland married Catherine Wheatley, the daughter of a poulterer, Robert Wheatley of Bracknell in Berkshire. Catherine was the widow of Thomas Lucy of Charlecote Park, a captain in the Royal Horse Guards. Soon after the marriage, Northumberland and his brother, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton, allegedly attempted to privately convey her abroad to an English convent in Ghent, Belgium. After the death of Catherine in 1714, Northumberland remarried to Mary Dutton, the sister of Captain Mark Dutton.

The Duke lived at Frogmore House at Windsor in Berkshire, but died suddenly aged 50 at Epsom on 28 June 1716. He had no legitimate offspring. Mary died at Frogmore House in 1738.

He had also an illegittimate son with Julia Fane, wife of Robert Monckton; their son was the 1st Viscount Galway.

References[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Philip Howard
Captain and Colonel of
The Queen's Troop of Horse Guards

1685–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ossory
Preceded by
The Earl of Oxford
Colonel of the Royal Horse Guards
1703–1712
Succeeded by
Viscount Colchester
Preceded by
The Duke of Ormonde
Captain and Colonel of
The Queen's Troop of Horse Guards

1712–1715
Succeeded by
Earl of Hertford
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Constable of Windsor Castle
1702–1716
Succeeded by
The Lord Cobham
Preceded by
The Earl of Berkeley
Lord Lieutenant of Surrey
1710–1714
Succeeded by
The Earl of Halifax
Preceded by
The Lord Craven
Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
1712–1714
Succeeded by
The Duke of St Albans
Peerage of England
New creation Duke of Northumberland
2nd creation
1683–1716
Extinct
Earl of Northumberland
4th creation
1674–1716