George Frederick Stanley

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Lieutenant-Colonel The Right Honourable
Sir George Frederick Stanley
GCSI GCIE CMG
Sir George Stanley By Oswald Birley.jpg
Governor of Madras
In office
11 November 1929 – 16 May 1934
Preceded by Sir Norman Marjoribanks (acting)
Succeeded by Mohammad Usman of Madras (acting)
In office
15 August 1934 – 16 November 1934
Preceded by Mohammad Usman of Madras (acting)
Succeeded by John Erskine, Lord Erskine
Personal details
Born (1872-10-14)14 October 1872
Died 1 July 1938(1938-07-01) (aged 65)
United Kingdom
Nationality British
Political party Conservative

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir George Frederick Stanley GCSI GCIE CMG (14 October 1872 – 1 July 1938) was a British soldier and Conservative Party politician who served as a member of the UK Parliament for Preston and later, Willesden East. He also served the Governor of Madras from 1929 to 1934 and as Acting Viceroy of India in 1934.

The sixth son of Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, Stanley was educated at Wellington and at Woolwich. In 1903 he married Lady Beatrix Taylour, CBE CI, youngest daughter of the 3rd Marquess of Headfort.

He entered the Royal Horse Artillery in 1893 and was promoted to Captain in 1900. He served in the Second Boer War in 1899–1900 and was Adjutant with the Honourable Artillery Company from 1904–1909. He later served in World War I and was mentioned in despatches and awarded the CMG in 1916.

He was Conservative Member of Parliament for Preston from 1910–1922 and for Willesden East from 1924–1929.

He held office as Comptroller of the Household from 1919 until 1921, as Financial Secretary to the War Office from 1921–1922, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1922–1923, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Pensions from 1924–1929. He was Governor of Madras from 1929–1934.

He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1927 and made a Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE) in 1929 and a Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India in 1934.

As Governor of Madras[edit]

Stanley was appointed Governor of Madras on 26 October 1929 at an annual pay of Rs. 1,20,000.[1] He arrived in India and took over as Governor on 12 November 1929.[2]

Stanley assumed the governorate at a critical juncture. The Great Depression had just broken out and the economy was deteriorating. The Premier P. Subbarayan resigned after the 1930 elections when his party was voted out. The Swaraj Party boycotted the elections as a part of the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Justice Party was voted to power in the 1930 and 1934 elections. B. Munuswamy Naidu served as Premier from 1930 to 1932 but he had to resign in 1932 due to the strong opposition of landowning elements in the party. Naidu was succeeded by Ramakrishna Ranga Rao of Bobbili whose administration soon became notorious for mis-governance.

During his tenure as Governor, Stanley inaugurated the Mettur Dam across the Kaveri River.[3][4][5] The inauguration which took place on 21 August 1934, was attended by people from all parts of the Presidency.[3][4] The reservoir created by the Dam was named Stanley Reservoir in his honour. On 17 January 1930, Stanley laid the foundation stone of a Gaudiya math and a temple at Royapettah, Madras.[6] The first service of the Madras sub-urban line of the South Indian Railway Company was flagged off by Stanley from Chennai Beach railway station on 2 April 1931.[7] In 1933, Stanley inaugurated the five-year medicine and surgery diploma course at the Royapuram Medical College.On 2 July 1938, the school was renamed as Stanley Medical College in his honour.

Commemoration[edit]

The Government Stanley Medical College in Chennai (Madras), Tamil Nadu, India is named in memory of Stanley. The Diploma in Medicine and Surgery program was inaugurated here in 1933 by Stanley when he was the Governor of Madras. The college formerly known as Royapuram Medical School was renamed Stanley Medical School on 27 March 1934 in his honour. It was renamed to Stanley Medical College in 1938.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Frederick Martin, Sir John Scott Keltie, Isaac Parker Anderson Renwick, Mortimer Epstein, Sigfrid Henry Steinberg, John Paxton (1933). The Statesman's Yearbook, Volume 20. St. Martin's Press. p. 162. 
  2. ^ The India office and Burma office list. India Office. 1931. p. 43. 
  3. ^ a b Mettur Project, pp 151
  4. ^ a b Mettur Project, pp 153
  5. ^ Mettur Project, pp 479
  6. ^ Renaissance of Gaudiya Vaishnava movement. Sri Gaudiya Math. 1978. p. 86. 
  7. ^ Muthiah, pp 322

References[edit]

  • C. G. Barbar, A. Mohanakrishnan (1987). History of the Cauvery-Mettur Project. Central Board of Irrigation & Power. 
  • Muthiah, S. (2004). Madras Rediscovered. East West Books (Madras) Pvt Ltd. ISBN 81-88661-24-4. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Thomas Macpherson
Harold Cox
Member of Parliament for Preston
January 19101922
With: Tom Shaw 1918–1922
Succeeded by
James Philp Hodge
Tom Shaw
Preceded by
Harcourt Johnstone
Member of Parliament for Willesden East
19241929
Succeeded by
Daniel Gerald Somerville
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Edwin Cornwall
Comptroller of the Household
1919–1921
Succeeded by
Harry Barnston
Preceded by
Sir Norman Marjoribanks
Governor of Madras
11 November 1929–16 May 1934
Succeeded by
Mohammad Usman of Madras