George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly

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George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly
Born 1514
Died 28 October 1562(1562-10-28) (aged 48)
Title Earl of Huntly
Predecessor Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly, grandfather
Successor George Gordon, 5th Earl of Huntly, second son
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Keith, Countess of Huntly
Children George Gordon, 5th Earl of Huntly
Parents John Gordon, Lord Gordon Margaret Stewart

George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly (1514 – 28 October 1562) was a Scottish nobleman.

Biography[edit]

He was the son of John Gordon, Lord Gordon, and Margaret Stewart, daughter of James IV.[1] George Gordon inherited his earldom and estates in 1524 at age 10. As commander of the King's Army he defeated the English at the Battle of Haddon Rig in 1542, was a member of the council of Regency under James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran and Cardinal Beaton and succeeded as Chancellor on the murder of Beaton in 1546. He was captured at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547, but escaped and in 1550 accompanied Mary of Guise to France. He joined the Lords of the Congregation in 1560 and was prepared to accept Mary, Queen of Scots, until she transferred the Earldom of Moray, which had been given to the Earl of Huntly in 1549, to her half-brother Lord James Stewart, at which point he withdrew to his estates in the North-East of Scotland.[2]

Mary, Queen of Scots, toured the north-east in August 1562, and was refused entry to Inverness Castle on Gordon's orders. The Queen's forces captured the Castle before moving to Aberdeen where she issued a summons for Gordon. He refused to answer and was outlawed. He marched on Aberdeen but was defeated by James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray at the Battle of Corrichie in October 1562. He died of apoplexy after his capture, and his son, Sir John was executed in Aberdeen. Huntly was posthumously forfeited by parliament in May 1563.

After his death his body and goods seized at Strathbogie Castle were shipped from Aberdeen to Edinburgh. The body stood for the earl at his trial. The goods were taken to Holyrood Palace. When Mary was imprisoned at Lochleven, she was given the earl's cloth-of-estate.[3]

Family[edit]

On 27 March 1530 he married Elizabeth Keith, daughter of Robert Keith, Master of Marischal, by whom he had nine sons and three daughters, including;

References[edit]

  1. ^ He was the grandson of Alexander Gordon, 3rd Earl of Huntly by his wife, Lady Jean Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl, by his wife Margaret Douglas. Margaret Douglas was the daughter of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas by his wife Euphemia Graham. Euphemia Graham was a maternal great-granddaughter of Robert II of Scotland and Euphemia de Ross) and Margaret Stewart, Illegitimate daughter of King James IV of Scotland and Margaret Drummond.
  2. ^ "Chapter III - Earldom and Earls of Huntly", Electric Scotland.com
  3. ^ Robertson, Inventaires de la Royne Descosse, (1863), xxii.
  4. ^ CSP. Scotland, vol.1 (1898), pp.655-6, describes John Gordon's marriage.
  5. ^  Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1890). "Gordon, James (1541-1620)". Dictionary of National Biography 22. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  6. ^ http://thepeerage.com/p10922.htm#i109218

Sources[edit]

  •  "Gordon, George (1514-1562)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  • Bonner, Elizabeth, 'The Earl of Huntly and the King of France, 1548: Man for Rent', English Historical Review, vol. 120, no.485 (Feb 2005), 80-103.
  • Robertson, Joseph, Inventaires de la Royne Descosse, Banntayne Club, (1863), xxii-xxv, 49-56.
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Alexander Gordon
Earl of Huntly
1524–1562
Succeeded by
George Gordon
Political offices
Preceded by
Cardinal Beaton
Archbishop of St Andrews
Lord Chancellor of Scotland
1546–1562
Succeeded by
4th Earl of Morton