George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan

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The Right Honourable
The Earl Cadogan
KG PC JP
George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan.jpg
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
29 June 1895 – 11 August 1902
Monarch Victoria
Edward VII
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
Preceded by The Lord Houghton
Succeeded by The Earl of Dudley
Personal details
Born 12 May 1840 (1840-05-12)
Died 6 March 1915 (1915-03-07)
London
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Beatrix Craven
(1844–1907)
(2) Adele Neri (d. 1960)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford
Garter stall plate of George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan, KG, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. Arms: Quarterly 1 & 2: Gules, a lion rampant reguardant or (Cadogan); 2 & 3: Argent, three boar's heads couped sable. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a dragon's head vert[1]

George Henry Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan KG, PC, JP (12 May 1840 – 6 March 1915) was a British Conservative politician.[2][3]

Background and education[edit]

Cadogan was the eldest son of Henry Cadogan, 4th Earl Cadogan, by his wife Mary, daughter of Reverend Gerald Wellesley, younger brother of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford.

Political career[edit]

In 1868, he stood unsuccessfully as parliamentary candidate for Bury, Lancashire but was successfully returned as Member of Parliament for Bath in 1873, just before he was ennobled on the death of his father and had to move to the House of Lords. He was made Under-Secretary for War in 1875 and Under-Secretary to the Colonies in 1878 by Disraeli. He served under Lord Salisbury as Lord Privy Seal from 1886 to 1892 (after 1887 in the Cabinet), and again in the cabinet as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1895 to 1902. He was also the first Mayor of Chelsea in 1900. He was made a Knight of the Garter for political services in 1891.[4]

Philanthropy[edit]

By 1888, at the initiative of the Fifth Earl, building work was well under way at the south-eastern end of London's Sloane Street to rebuild Holy Trinity Church to the design of the leading Arts and Crafts architect John Dando Sedding. Cadogan funded the entire initial operation, including the commissioning of numerous fittings for the new building by leading sculptors and designers including Henry Wilson (who assumed overall artistic control when Sedding died prematurely), Onslow Ford, Edward Burne-Jones, William Morris, Nelson Dawson and H H Armstead. Money was found for the installation of a great organ by James John Walker, which quickly became famous for its cathedral-like effect in the opulent acoustic of the building. The church (and its fittings, including the organ) remain a testament to a very particularly focussed example of aristocratic patronage.

As Lord of the Manor of Chelsea he held large estates there, much of which he dedicated to houses for the working class.

Family[edit]

On 16 May 1865, he married Lady Beatrix Craven, fourth daughter of William Craven, 2nd Earl of Craven. They had nine children:

He bought Culford Park, Culford, Suffolk in 1889 as a family home. It is now a private school.

Lord Cadogan's wife died in 1907 and on 12 January 1911, he married his first cousin once removed, Adele, daughter of Lippo Neri, Count Palagi del Palagio and Olivia Georgiana Cadogan. Lord Cadogan died in London on 6 March 1915, aged 74. The Countess Cadogan died in February 1960.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir William Tite
Donald Dalrymple
Member of Parliament for Bath
1873
With: Donald Dalrymple
Succeeded by
Donald Dalrymple
Viscount Grey de Wilton
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Pembroke
Under-Secretary of State for War
1875–1878
Succeeded by
Viscount Bury
Preceded by
James Lowther
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1878–1880
Succeeded by
M. E. Grant Duff
Preceded by
William Ewart Gladstone
Lord Privy Seal
1886–1892
Succeeded by
William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by
The Lord Houghton
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1895–1902
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dudley
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Cadogan
Earl Cadogan
1873–1915
Succeeded by
Gerald Cadogan