George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan
|The Right Honourable
The Earl Cadogan
KG PC JP
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland|
29 June 1895 – 11 August 1902
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury
|Preceded by||The Lord Houghton|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Dudley|
|Born||12 May 1840|
|Died||6 March 1915
|Spouse(s)||(1) Lady Beatrix Craven
(2) Adele Neri (d. 1960)
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Background and education
Cadogan was the eldest son of Henry Cadogan, 4th Earl Cadogan, by his wife Mary, daughter of Reverend Gerald Wellesley, younger brother of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford.
In 1868, he stood unsuccessfully as parliamentary candidate for Bury, Lancashire but was successfully returned as Member of Parliament for Bath in 1873, just before he was ennobled on the death of his father and had to move to the House of Lords. He was made Under-Secretary for War in 1875 and Under-Secretary to the Colonies in 1878 by Disraeli. He served under Lord Salisbury as Lord Privy Seal from 1886 to 1892 (after 1887 in the Cabinet), and again in the cabinet as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1895 to 1902. He was also the first Mayor of Chelsea in 1900. He was made a Knight of the Garter for political services in 1891.
By 1888, at the initiative of the Fifth Earl, building work was well under way at the south-eastern end of London's Sloane Street to rebuild Holy Trinity Church to the design of the leading Arts and Crafts architect John Dando Sedding. Cadogan funded the entire initial operation, including the commissioning of numerous fittings for the new building by leading sculptors and designers including Henry Wilson (who assumed overall artistic control when Sedding died prematurely), Onslow Ford, Edward Burne-Jones, William Morris, Nelson Dawson and H H Armstead. Money was found for the installation of a great organ by James John Walker, which quickly became famous for its cathedral-like effect in the opulent acoustic of the building. The church (and its fittings, including the organ) remain a testament to a very particularly focussed example of aristocratic patronage.
As Lord of the Manor of Chelsea he held large estates there, much of which he dedicated to houses for the working class.
On 16 May 1865, he married Lady Beatrix Craven, fourth daughter of William Craven, 2nd Earl of Craven. They had nine children:
- Albert Edward George Henry, briefly Viscount Chelsea (1866–1878), a godchild of Albert, Prince of Wales.
- Henry Arthur, Viscount Chelsea (1868–1908)
- Gerald Oakley, 6th Earl Cadogan and briefly Viscount Chelsea (1869–1933)
- Lady Emily Julia (1871–1909), married William Brownlow, 3rd Baron Lurgan.
- Hon. Lewin Edward (1872–1917)
- Lady Sophie Beatrix Mary (1874–1943), married Sir Samuel Scott, 6th Baronet.
- Hon. William George Sydney (1879–1914), killed in action.
- Hon. Edward Cecil George (1880–1962)
- Hon. Alexander George Montagu (1884–1968)
He bought Culford Park, Culford, Suffolk in 1889 as a family home. It is now a private school.
Lord Cadogan's wife died in 1907 and on 12 January 1911, he married his first cousin once removed, Adele, daughter of Lippo Neri, Count Palagi del Palagio and Olivia Georgiana Cadogan. Lord Cadogan died in London on 6 March 1915, aged 74. The Countess Cadogan died in February 1960.
- Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.203
- "CADOGAN, 5th Earl (cr. 1800), George Henry Cadogan". Who's Who, 59: p. 271. 1907.
- George Henry Cadogan, 1840–1915, James McNeill Whistler Project, U. of Glasgow
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Cadogan, 5th Earl Cadogan.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl Cadogan
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir William Tite
|Member of Parliament for Bath
With: Donald Dalrymple
Viscount Grey de Wilton
The Earl of Pembroke
|Under-Secretary of State for War
|Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
M. E. Grant Duff
William Ewart Gladstone
|Lord Privy Seal
William Ewart Gladstone
The Lord Houghton
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
The Earl of Dudley
|Peerage of Great Britain|