George Joulwan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
General George Joulwan
George A. Joulwan, 1997.jpeg
George Joulwan
Born (1939-11-16) November 16, 1939 (age 74)
Pottsville, Pennsylvania
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands held
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards

George Alfred Joulwan (born November 16, 1939, Pottsville, Pennsylvania) is a retired United States Army general. He finished his military career as the Commander-in-Chief, United States European Command and Supreme Allied Commander (SACEUR) in 1997.[1]

Over a military career spanning 36 years, General Joulwan fought in Vietnam, Panama, and El Salvador. As the Supreme Allied Commander, he conducted over 20 operations in the Balkans, Africa, and the Middle East. In all of those operations, he never lost a single soldier to hostile fire.[1] When the United States sent forces into Bosnia in the 1990s, General Joulwan played the leading role in troop deployment, earning praise by President Clinton upon Joulwan's retirement.[2]

As SACEUR, General Joulwan created a strategic policy for the United States military engagement in Africa, which was the first time in U.S. history that such a policy had been crafted. The West Point Association of Graduates credit his cooperation with Russia during the Bosnian campaign for the basis of the NATO-Russian Founding Act signed in 1997.[1]

Post-military career[edit]

General Joulwan sits on the board of directors of Emergent BioSolutions, a biotechnology company, after a referral to the post by Allen Shofe, an executive at Emergent.[3]

His other post-military positions have included:[3]

He has also served as a military analyst for Fox News Channel. Notably, he appeared on Fox News Sunday a few weeks after September 11, 2001, with White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card and Senate Armed Forces Chairman Carl Levin to discuss his experience in war planning and the American military's planning with regards to Afghanistan.[2]

Military career[edit]

His efforts have built a foundation for a Europe that is safe, secure, and democratic well into the 21st century. . . . General Joulwan's leadership and wise counsel will truly be missed in the senior decision-making ranks of our national security structure.

President William J. Clinton's statement
on the retirement of General Joulwan
December 23, 1996
[4]
Bill Clinton.jpg

West Point[edit]

George Joulwan earned his college degree at the United States Military Academy at West Point. At West Point, he played football and basketball, earning two varsity letters as a football lineman.[1]

(Later in his career, General Joulwan earned a Master's degree from Loyola University (Chicago) in political science.[3])

Vietnam[edit]

General Joulwan served from June 1966 to November 1967 and from June 1971 to January 1972 in Vietnam. He attended the Army War College, and served on the Staff and Faculty until 1979. He commanded the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized), from June 1979 to September 1981, when he became Chief of Staff, 3rd Infantry Division.

National leadership[edit]

He served in various functions at the Pentagon from 1982 until June 1986, when he became the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, United States Army Europe and U.S. Seventh Army, Germany.

In March 1988 he was given command of the 3rd Armored Division and in 1989 he became Commanding General, U.S. V Corps.

From November 1990 until October 1993 he was Commander in Chief of United States Southern Command.

International leadership[edit]

He served as the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR) from 1993 to 1997, when he was succeeded by General Wesley Clark.

Highlights of General George Joulwan's Military Assignments[1][5]
Year Assignment Emblem Location
1963 Commander in the Infantry: First Battalion, 30th Infantry, 3rd Division
3 Infantry Div Patch.svg
Europe
1964 Battalion Operations Officer (S-3): First Battalion, 26th Infantry of the First Division
26th INF COA.png
Vietnam
1968 Assistant professor of Military Sciences: Loyola University Chicago
Loyolauniversitycrest.png
Chicago, IL
1971 101st Airborne Division
US 101st Airborne Division patch.svg
Vietnam
1972 Department of Tactics, United States Military Academy at West Point
U.S. Military Academy COA.png
West Point, NY
1973 Aide-de-Camp to the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Flag US Army Vice-Chief of Staff.svg
Washington
1973 Special Assistant to the President of the United States, Richard M. Nixon
Seal of the President of the United States.svg
Washington
1975 Special Assistant to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Europe
1975 Commander of the First Battalion of the 26th Infantry
26th INF COA.png
Various
1977 Student (and later staff and faculty) at United States Army War College
Usawc-logo.png
Pennsylvania
1979 Commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 3rd Infantry Division
3 Infantry Div Patch.svg
Germany
1981 Division Chief of Staff, 3rd Infantry Division
3 Infantry Div Patch.svg
Various
1982 Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg
Arlington, VA
1983 Director of Force Development, Department of the Army
United States Department of the Army Seal.svg
Pentagon, Washington, D.C.
1985 Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army
USAREUR Insignia.jpg
Germany
1988 Commander of the 3rd Armored Division
3rd US Armored Division SSI.svg
Various
1989 Commanding General of the V Corps
V Corps.svg
Various
1990 Commander-in-Chief, United States Southern Command
United States Southern Command Logo.svg
Panama, El Salvador and other locations
1993-1997 Commander-in-Chief, United States European Command and Supreme Allied Commander
USEUCOM.svg
Europe, worldwide

Citizenship & philanthropy[edit]

General Joulwan has also served the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital as the Chair Emeritus of the Gourmet Gala Committee.[6] A public park in Pottsville, Pennsylvania was named in his honor.[7]

Personal life[edit]

General Joulwan had a twin brother, James Joseph Joulwan, who passed away in 2013.[8] He is married and has eight grandchildren.

Awards and decorations[edit]

Combat Infantry Badge.svg Combat Infantryman Badge
Expert Infantry Badge.svg Expert Infantry Badge
USA Parachutist.png Parachutist Badge
Ranger Tab.svg Ranger Tab
US - Presidential Service Badge.png Presidential Service Badge
United States Army Staff Identification Badge.png Army Staff Identification Badge
Joint Chiefs of Staff seal.svg Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
26th INF DUI.svg 26th Infantry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Defense Distinguished Service Medal (with two oak leaf clusters)
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver Star (with oak leaf cluster)
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit (with oak leaf cluster)
V
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze Star (with valor device and two oak leaf clusters)
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Meritorious Service Medal (with three oak leaf clusters)
Award numeral 1.pngAward numeral 4.png Air Medal (with award numeral 14)
Joint Service Commendation Medal
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Army Commendation Medal (with oak leaf cluster)
Valorous Unit Award
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medal
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Vietnam Service Medal (with four bronze service star)
Army Service Ribbon
Award numeral 5.png Overseas Service Ribbon (with award numeral 5)
Legion of Honor (Bolivia)
Order of the White Lion, Second Class Military Division (Czech Republic)[9]
Gold Medal for Distinguished Service (El Salvador)
Légion d'Honneur, Officier (France)
Knight Commanders’ Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)
Hesse Order of Merit (Germany)
Cross of Merit of the Armed Forces (Honduras)
Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary[10]
Grand Officer of the Order of Vasco Núñez de Balboa (Panama)
Commanders’ Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
Honour of Merit (Venezuela)
Gold star
Vietnam Gallantry Cross with three gold stars (Vietnam)
Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation (Vietnam)
Civil Actions Medal Unit Citation (Vietnam)
Vietnam Campaign Medal with "1960-"-device (Vietnam)

[5]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Dyer, Thomas B. "2002 Distinguished Graduate Award: GEN George A. Joulwan '61". West Point Association of Graduates. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Text: Andrew Card on 'Fox News Sunday'". The Washington Post. 30 September 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "People: Emergent BioSolutions Inc (EBS.N)". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Statement on the Retirement of General George A. Joulwan, USA". The American Presidency Project. Gerhard Peters - The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Resume of Service Career of George Alfred Joulwan, General". BosniaLINK. Defense Technical Information Center, U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "2014 Gourmet Gala Committee". St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Memphis, Tennessee. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "Governor Rendell Makes Investment In Pottsville; Delivers On Promise to Redevelop Downtown.". Free Online Library. Huntingdon Valley, Pennsylvania: Farlex, Inc. 14 October 2005. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "James Joseph Joulwan". Obituaries. Republican Herald (Pottsville, Pennsylvania: The Republican & Herald). 15 November 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Order of the White Lion". http://old.hrad.cz/index_uk.html. President of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  10. ^ "NATO'S EUROPEAN COMMANDER DECORATED IN HUNGARY.". Friends & Partners; Linking US-Russia Across the Internet (Vol. 1, No. 45, Part II). Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Gen. Maxwell R. Thurman
United States Southern Command
1991—1993
Succeeded by
Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey
Preceded by
Gen. John Shalikashvili
Supreme Allied Commander Europe (NATO)
1993—1997
Succeeded by
Gen. Wesley Clark