George King (Australian politician)

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George King (21 December 1814 – 22 June 1894), was a merchant, pastoralist and politician in colonial Australia, a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly 1869 to 1872 and of the Queensland Legislative Council 1882 to 1890.[1]

King was born in Riga, Russia (now in Latvia), his father, Robert King, was a partner in the Baltic firm of Balfour & Co., of Riga.[1] George received his education and mercantile training in London and in Europe.[2]

King emigrated to Australia in July 1839, and settled in Sydney, where he was a director of the Australian Trust Company, of the Commercial Banking Company, and of the London Chartered Bank.[2] He was for fifteen years chairman of the Australian Mutual Provident Society, for some time a member of the Board of Advice of the Australian Agricultural Company, and has acted as a director of the Clarence and Richmond River Steam Navigation Company, and Chairman of the Melbourne Marine Insurance Company.[2]

King was elected a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for East Sydney on 3 December 1869, and sat until 3 February 1872.[3] King visited England in 1874, but returned and settled permanently in Queensland in the following year, being created a Knight of the Crown of Italy on his retirement from the Sydney consulship for Italy.[2] In 1880 Mr. King accepted the Executive Commissionership for Queensland at the Melbourne International Exhibition, and represented the colony on the steel rails inquiry held in London in 1881.[2] King was nominated to the Queensland Legislative Council on 26 January 1882, a position he held until resigning on 19 March 1890.[4]

King died in Toowoomba, Queensland, on 22 June 1894, survived by his wife, seven sons and three daughters.[1] King's eldest son Robert John King represented the Electoral district of Paddington in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1889 to 1891.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Rutledge, Martha. "King, George (1814–1894)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Mennell, Philip (1892). "Wikisource link to King, Hon. George". The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource
  3. ^ "Mr George King (1814 - 1894)". Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Alphabetical Register of Members of the Legislative Assembly 1860-2012 and of the Legislative Council 1860-1922". Parliament of Queensland.