George L. Forbes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
George L. Forbes
Born (1931-04-04)April 4, 1931
Memphis, Tennessee
Residence Cleveland, Ohio
Alma mater Baldwin-Wallace College
Occupation politician,
attorney
Known for City Council President,
Cleveland NAACP President
Predecessor Anthony Garofoli
Successor Jay Westbrook
Political party
Democratic

George Lawrence Forbes (born April 4, 1931) is an American politician of the Democratic Party. From 1974 to 1989, Forbes served as one of the most powerful presidents of Cleveland City Council. He is the former President of the Cleveland NAACP and is semi-retired from practicing law.

Early and personal life[edit]

Forbes was born in Memphis, Tennessee, the son of a sharecropper. He served a tour in the U.S. Marine Corps[1] and attended Baldwin-Wallace College on the G.I. Bill[2] and graduated with a B.A. in 1957. He received a J.D. from Cleveland-Marshall College of Law in 1961. He passed the Ohio bar exam and began practicing law.

He is married to Mary Forbes, and has three daughters, Lauren, Mildred "Mimi" and Helen Forbes Fields. He has three grandchildren, William, Camille, and Brandon

Cleveland City Council[edit]

In 1963, he became a Cleveland councilman for Ward 27. At the time, Forbes was one of ten African Americans in the thirty seats in council. He was also instrumental in the effort to elect Carl Stokes as the first African American mayor of a major U.S. city. In 1967, Forbes was the chairman of "Operation Registration," a voter registration program targeting African American neighborhoods.[3]

He later was elected council president in 1973 and assumed office in 1974. About a year later in 1975, Forbes and other (unspecified) investors bought out popular AM talk-radio station WERE and converted it into an all-news format that promptly flopped. It quickly changed back to an all-talk format.

Forbes was a polished politician and knew the ins and outs of the trade, eventually training future Cleveland mayor, Michael R. White. During the mayoral administration of Dennis Kucinich, Forbes sided with the unyielding banking interests against Kucinich before the city plunged into default. When George Voinovich became mayor in 1980, he made peace with council and Forbes. Due to Voinovich's low-key persona and Forbes's forthright attitude, critics of the Voinovich administration asserted that the mayor was giving Forbes too much power.

Forbes was outspoken, particularly on matters of race and the poor. His passion often led to heated exchanges with colleagues and the Cleveland media, more than a few of which turned physical. This included a confrontation with fellow councilman Jeff Johnson:[4]

"He {Forbes} picks up this chair, kept it in his hand and just swung," recalls Johnson. "I ducked, and the leg hit me on the shoulder. I was getting ready to go at this point, but his bodyguard stepped in. Guess you can swing chairs around when you've got a bodyguard."

According to author Edward P. Whelan: "Depending on the prism through which one views him, Forbes is either the city’s savior or the most destructive, self-aggrandizing and divisive influence around. There is hardly anyone in the city who does not have strong feelings about him."

When Voinovich announced that he would not seek a fourth term as mayor in 1989, Forbes entered the heavily-contested mayoral race. He made it through the primary, but was defeated in the general election by his own protégé, Michael R. White. It was an ugly campaign, marred by back-and-forth slurs. White accused Forbes of using his wife, Mary, as a front person for improper investments, while Forbes painted White as a "wife beater" and a slum landlord.[5] However, Forbes was gracious in defeat and decided to leave politics for private practice.

Forbes told Cleveland journalist Dick Feagler on Friday, August 21, 2009, that he believed he lost the mayoral race due in part to the bombastic persona he projected as host of a local radio show where race was a frequent topic.[6]

After City Council[edit]

In 1992, Forbes returned to the public scene and won the presidency of the Cleveland NAACP.

In 1995, then-Gov. Voinovich appointed Forbes to the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation oversight commission. He would later resign from the commission in 2005 after it was disclosed that his daughter worked for MDL Capital Management, which managed a Bermuda-based hedge fund operated for the BWC that lost $216 million. His daughter, Mildred "Mimi" Forbes, was a human resources manager for MDL.[7]

In 1971, Forbes assisted in the original formation of a law firm, formerly known as Rogers, Horton & Forbes, the largest minority-owned law firm in Ohio. It is now known as Forbes, Fields & Associates Co., L.P.A.[8]

Community[edit]

Forbes was a long-time member of the Baldwin-Wallace College Board of Trustees.

Forbes is a recipient of the Louis Stokes Community Visionary Award.[9] The city renamed a free overnight summer and winter camp for Cleveland’s youth as Camp George L. Forbes. The camp is located in Highland Hills.

In late 2008, Forbes helped broker a deal with African American ministers to drop their effort to repeal Cleveland's Domestic Partner Registry ordinance.[10]

On June 20, 2009, Forbes received the NAACP's highest award for meritorious service.[11]

Controversy[edit]

On July 18, 1979, Forbes was acquitted in a jury trial of 11 counts of bribery, theft in office, and extortion, all tied to an alleged gambling kickback scheme.

In 2002, Forbes was among the list of high-profile victims of convicted former Cleveland stockbroker Frank Gruttadauria.[12]

On July 5, 2007, Forbes plead guilty to ethics charges related to an investigation involving the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation's Coingate scandal.[13] He was convicted of four counts of filing false financial disclosure statements and two counts of conflict of interest for accepting gifts from two investment brokers doing or seeking to do business with the BWC. He was ordered to pay $6,000 fine, repay a state agency another $6,000, and perform 60 hours of community service.

In October 2008, the Board of Commissioners on Grievances and Discipline of the Ohio Supreme Court recommended that Forbes receive a public reprimand.[14] However, on June 11, 2009, the Ohio Supreme Court decided in a 5-2 ruling to sanction Forbes for his role in the Coingate scandal.[15] The sanction was a six-month suspension of Forbes' license to practice law if he committed further misconduct.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 30 People Who Defined Cleveland – 1972-2002 | Article Archives". Cleveland Magazine. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "Voter Registration Activity – Operation Registration". Stokescleveland.org. Retrieved 2012-11-02. 
  4. ^ Grzegorek, Vince. "GLENVILLE REDUX | News Features | Cleveland Scene". clevescene.com. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  5. ^ "Cleveland Mayoral Race Marked by a Bitter Feud - New York Times". nytimes.com. 1989-10-23. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  6. ^ "Feagler & Friends Past Programs /". wviz.org. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  7. ^ "George Forbes convicted; avoids jail time". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  8. ^ "Home". forbes-fields.com. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  9. ^ "Community Visionary Award". clevelandcitycouncil.org. 2007-09-12. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  10. ^ "The LGBT Center of Greater Cleveland: News". lgcsc.org. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  11. ^ Roadell Hickman / The Plain Dealer (2009-06-20). "Cleveland NAACP to honor George Forbes at Freedom Fund Dinner". blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  12. ^ [2][dead link]
  13. ^ Candisky, Catherine (2007-07-06). "George L. Forbes found guilty of ethics charges". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  14. ^ Kiichiro Sato/Associated Press. "Cleveland lawyer George Forbes faces public reprimand, or worse". blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  15. ^ "Supreme Court of Ohio Case Summaries". sconet.state.oh.us. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  • The Cleveland 200: The Most Noted, Notable and Notorious in the First 200 Years of a Great American City by Thomas Kelly ISBN 0-9644509-2-5.
  • The Battle of Cleveland: Public Interest Challenges Corporate Power by Dan Marschall.
  • "Political corruption in America" By Mark Grossman, page 416.
  • “An Obsession With Power,” by Edward P. Whelan, November 1986.
Preceded by
Anthony Garofoli
President of Cleveland City Council
1974–1989
Succeeded by
Jay Westbrook