George Lafayette Beal
|George Lafayette Beal|
Colonel George L. Beal of the 29th Maine Infantry
May 21, 1825|
|Died||December 11, 1896
|Years of service||1861 - 1866|
Brevet Major General
|Commands held||10th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment
29th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Early life and background
Beal was born in Norway, Maine. His father was one of the founders of the town. Beal studied at the Westbrook Seminary and was very interested military affairs, eventually being elected Captain of the local militia unit known as the Norway Light Infantry, a position he held at the beginning of the war. He was employed as an agent of the Canadian Express Company.
Beal was the first man in Oxford County to enlist, and his militia unit became Company "G" of the First Maine Infantry Regiment, a three-month unit. At the end of his enlistment, he re-enlisted and was commissioned colonel of the 10th Maine Infantry. The unit was engaged during Stonewall Jackson's valley campaign in 1862 where he was commended for its service covering the retreat of Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks' army, and later at Second Bull Run, and Antietam, where Beal was severely wounded. Beal was mustered out with his regiment on May 8, 1863.
He became a brigade commander on April 19, 1864, relieving James W. McMillan, while retaining command of the 29th Maine. He received a brevet promotion to Brigadier General of U. S. Volunteers on August 22, 1864, and was replaced as commander of the 29th Maine by Colonel George H. Nye on October 4, 1864. For gallant service at the Battle of Cedar Creek, he was promoted to full Brigadier General of U. S. Volunteers November 30, 1864. His brigade had been first to advance and break the enemy's lines during the turning point of the battle.
He was assigned to duty in North Carolina in 1865. Following the war, he was breveted to major general and assigned command of the eastern district of South Carolina during the Reconstruction era. He was mustered out of service in January 1866 and returned to Maine.
Beal became active in politics and was a delegate to the Republican National Convention which nominated General Grant for President in 1868 and was also a Presidential elector from Maine. In 1872 he was appointed as a Pension Agent at Portland, Maine.
He served as Commander of the Department of Maine of the Grand Army of the Republic. He also served as Commander of the Maine Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders. Baton Rogue, Louisiana: LSU Press. 1964. ISBN 0-8071-0822-7.
- Welsh, Jack D. Medical Histories of Union Generals. Columbus, Ohio: Kent State University Press. 1996. ISBN 0-87338-853-4.
|Wikisource has the text of a 1900 Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography article about George Lafayette Beal.|
Edwin C. Burleigh
|Maine State Treasurer
F. Marion Simpson