||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (October 2013)|
|Born||George Robert Lazenby
5 September 1939
Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia
|Years active||1965–2003, 2012–present|
|Notable work||James Bond in On Her Majesty's Secret Service|
|Spouse(s)||Christina Gannett (1971–1995)
Pam Shriver (2002–2008)
George Robert Lazenby // (born 5 September 1939) is an Australian actor and former model, best known for portraying James Bond in the 1969 film On Her Majesty's Secret Service. He remains the only actor to have played the role in only one Eon Productions film. He went on to a career in films and television, including several roles spoofing the James Bond character.
Early life in Australia
Lazenby was born in 1939 in Goulburn, New South Wales, at Ovada Private Hospital, to railway worker George Edward Lazenby and Sheila Joan Lazenby (née Bodel), who worked at Fosseys. He went to Goulburn Public School in his primary years, and Goulburn High until either 1953 or 1954. His sister, Barbara, was an accomplished dancer. When he was young he spent 18 months in hospital after having an operation which left him with only half a kidney.
Lazenby moved to London in 1963. He became a used car salesman in Finchley, then sold new cars in Park Lane. He was spotted by a talent scout who persuaded him to become a model, and he was soon earning £25,000 a year. He was best known for an advertisement for Big Fry Chocolate. In 1966 he was voted Top Model of the Year.
In 1968, after Sean Connery quit the role of James Bond, producer Albert R. Broccoli first met Lazenby when getting their hair cut at the same barber. He later saw him in the Big Fry commercial and felt he could be a possible Bond, calling him in for a screen test.
Lazenby dressed for the part by sporting several sartorial Bond elements such as a Rolex Submariner wristwatch and a Savile Row suit (ordered, but uncollected, by Connery). Broccoli offered him an audition. The position was consolidated when Lazenby accidentally punched a professional wrestler, who was acting as stunt coordinator, in the face, impressing Broccoli with his ability to display aggression. Lazenby won the role based on a screen-test fight scene, the strength of his interviews, fight skills and audition footage. Director Peter R. Hunt later claimed:
We wanted someone who oozed sexual assurance, and we think this fellow has that. Just wait til the women see him on screen ... I am not saying he is an actor. There is a great deal of difference between an actor and a film star. Didn't they find Gary Cooper when he was an electrician?
During the production, Lazenby's voice was dubbed by George Baker in scenes in which Bond impersonated Sir Hilary Bray (Baker's character), something not traditionally done with a leading actor whose original language is English. According to an interview, Lazenby experienced difficulties on the set stemming from director Hunt's refusal to speak directly with him, and Hunt's brusqueness in asking Lazenby's friends to clear the set before filming.[volume & issue needed]
In July 1969 Lazenby returned home to Queanbeyan to see his parents. He said he had 18 films to consider. "But it's all commercial rubbish, such as the guy getting the girl at the end of the Battle of Britain", he said. "I'll just have to wait and see".
In November 1969, prior to the release of the film, Lazenby announced that he no longer wished to play the role of James Bond due to his conflict with the film's producers,[dubious ] about whom he said, "They made me feel like I was mindless. They disregarded everything I suggested simply because I hadn't been in the film business like them for about a thousand years."
His co-star Diana Rigg was among many who commented on this decision:
The role made Sean Connery a millionaire. It made Sean Connery ... I truly don't know what's happening in George's mind so I can only speak of my reaction. I think it's a pretty foolish move. I think if he can bear to do an apprenticeship, which everybody in this business has to do – has to do – then he should do it quietly and with humility. Everybody has to do it. There are few instant successes in the film business. And the instant successes one usually associates with somebody who is willing to learn anyway.
Rigg was also quoted as saying, "I can no longer cater for his obsession with himself. He is utterly, unbelievably . . . bloody impossible".
"I draw a veil over the chap", said Desmond Llewellyn. "How can you expect someone who's never acted before... to take on a leading role." Lazenby grew a beard and long hair. "Bond is a brute", he announced. "I've already put him behind me. I will never play him again. Peace – that's the message now."
"I much prefer being a car salesman to a stereo typed James Bond", he said. "My parents think I'm insane, everybody thinks I'm insane passing up may be millions of pounds. No body believed me. They thought it was a publicity stunt. But it's just me doing my own thing".
He later elaborated:
Fantasy doesn't interest me. Reality does. Anyone who's in touch with the kids knows what's happening, knows the mood. Watch pop music and learn what's going to happen. Most filmmakers don't watch and aren't in touch. People aren't going to films because filmmakers are putting out films people don't want to see. As for the so-called "Tomorrow movies" they are only tomorrow movies with yesterday directors ... Actors aren't all that important. Directors are. I'm terribly impressed with Dennis Hopper. I'd like to work for him. I also like Arthur Penn, John Schlesinger and Peter Yates ... What I'm going to do is look for a great director first, a good screenplay second. Meanwhile, no more Bond. I make better money doing commercials.
At the time of the release of OHMSS, Lazenby's performance received mixed reviews. Some felt that, while he was physically convincing, some of his costumes were inappropriate ("too loud" according to some) and that he delivered his lines poorly.
Others, however, have developed differing views in the decades since the film. In the 1998 book The Essential James Bond, Lee Pfeiffer and Dave Worrell write: "Although OHMSS was routinely dismissed by critics who cited Lazenby as a brave but disappointing successor to Connery, the intervening years have been notably kinder to both the film and its star. Indeed, due in no small part to Peter Hunt's inspired direction, OHMSS generally ranks among the top films with fans. Likewise, Lazenby has emerged as a very popular contributor to the series and has enjoyed large enthusiastic audiences during his appearances at Bond related events. In summary, OHMSS is a brilliant thriller in its own right and justifiably ranks amongst the best Bond films ever made".
In Roger Moore's commentary for a 2007 DVD release of The Man with the Golden Gun, he referenced George Lazenby as follows : "I have a great deal of e-mail contact with George Lazenby; he's sort of on the joke circuit ... that we simply send jokes to each other. OHMSS – very well made film – Peter Hunt – excellent, excellent, excellent fight stuff, excellent snow effects ... but I think the end result for George was that it was one of the better Bonds".
Broccoli told the press shortly after the film's release:
I don't agree with the Press. I think they should have given him A for Effort. It's true he's not Olivier but Olivier could not play Bond in any circumstances... John Aspinall's mother Lady Osborne told me she thought he was the best of the Bonds.
Broccoli did admit though that he found Lazenby's post movie attitude annoying:
I find it incredible that a plum role can't be respected. We chose George because in his physique and his looks and his walk he was the best of the candidates. He had the masculinity. Looking at the film, to put it in an old Spanish phrase, one could wish he had less cojones and more charm.
Although Lazenby had been offered a contract for seven movies, his agent, Ronan O'Rahilly, convinced him that the secret agent would be archaic in the liberated 1970s, and as a result he left the series after the release of On Her Majesty's Secret Service in 1969. After this role Lazenby began to study drama at Durham University's College of the Venerable Bede.
Lazenby has portrayed James Bond several times over the years in numerous parodies and unofficial 007 roles, most notably the 1983 television movie The Return of the Man from U.N.C.L.E. (in which his onscreen character is identified only by the initials "J.B."), 1996 video game Fox Hunt (parts of which were reedited into a feature film.) and an episode of The New Alfred Hitchcock Presents, entitled "Diamonds Aren't Forever". In 2012 Lazenby made a guest appearance on the Canadian sketch comedy series This Hour Has 22 Minutes, spoofing the 007 series in a skit called "Help, I've Skyfallen and I Can't Get Up".
Although Eon Productions attempted on several occasions to cast Americans as Bond (most notably signing John Gavin for Diamonds Are Forever before the services of Sean Connery were obtained), Lazenby remains the only actor from outside the British Isles to portray Bond in a Bond feature film.
For a time there was some talk Lazenby would appear in a Western, Deakin. He talked to the press about his use of LSD and marijuana and was involved in a well publicised incident helping a friend of his who was arrested in Germany. He grew his hair and a moustache and talking about rejecting the "trappings of materialism".
Lazenby eventually made another movie a year after On Her Majesty's Secret Service – Universal Soldier (1971), which he helped write. He said the movie was "anti-guns and anti-Bond... a [comedy] with no plot. It is really just a series of happenings which keep the audience entertained. This is the kind of film which is coming out in Europe now." It starred Chrissie Townsend, his 18-year-old girlfriend. The film was a financial disaster which was barely released.
"After the Bond fiasco nobody would touch me", admitted Lazenby. "Harry Saltzman had always said, 'If you don't do another Bond you'll wind up doing spaghetti Westerns in Italy. But I couldn't even get one of those. My agent couldn't believe it. But the word was out – I was 'difficult'."
Lazenby then appeared in an Italian film, Who Saw Her Die? (1972), then spent the next 15 months sailing around the world with Chrissie Townsend. This ended when she fell pregnant with their first child, prompting Lazenby to settle down and try to re-activate his career as an actor.
Lazenby then played a role in the BBC's Play For Today series in 1973, with Lazenby starring in Roger Smith's The Operation. Broccoli claims that Lazenby asked for another chance to play James Bond in 1971 but the producer refused.
In 1973, Lazenby says he was "flat broke" when he went to Hong Kong and met Bruce Lee and producer Raymond Chow. They ended up offering him $10,000 to appear in a film with Lee, which was going to be the Golden Harvest film Game of Death. However this collapsed after Lee's sudden death (Lazenby was actually meant to meet up with Lee for lunch on the day that Lee died.)
Instead it was announced Lazenby would make The Golden Needles of Ecstasy for Golden Harvest. "I'm excited to be able to concentrate on just acting in this film", he said. "On Universal Soldier I was involved in the production, the writing and even a bit in direction. I don't think I'm a good enough actor to get fragmented like that on a job. Now I can give my full concentration to acting I hope it will be good and lead to other roles."
He revealed he had been consulting an astrologer for four years. "Even before I made the Bond picture she said I would become famous, and that there would be big problems for a couple of years", he said. "Then she assured me that I would be back at the top of my profession by the end of 1973. It's absolutely fantastic, because everything : she hat told me has happened".
Lazenby did not make Golden Needles but shot three other films for Golden Harvest, The Shrine of Ultimate Bliss (1974) (aka Stoner), The Man from Hong Kong (1975) (also known as The Dragon Flies), and A Queen's Ransom (1976).
A few years later he told an Australian magazine, "I got a few roles but nothing spectacular, yet I was ready, willing and able to work. I just don't think I'm going to make it here. If something good came along I'd stay, though."
In the late 1970s Lazenby moved to Hollywood where he started taking acting lessons and set about trying to reactivate his career. "I enjoy the States, to be quite honest about it", he said. "I've got an American wife and green card so I have the best of both worlds."
That year Broccoli described casting Lazenby as "my biggest mistake in 16 years. He just couldn't deal with success. He was so arrogant. There was the stature and looks of a Bond but Lazenby couldn't get along with the other performers and technicians." Sean Connery came to Lazenby's defence and say "I have known George for many years and arrogance is not in his character. Alas I cannot say the same for Cubby Broccoli."
"The interesting thing about that is – I've never met Sean", said Lazenby. "I don't know him at all. Once, years ago, he came to pick up someone who was staying at my house and I saw him through the door. That's all. But I always admired him. I tried to copy him when I played Bond because, after all, I wasn't an actor so I thought my best chance would be to try and be as close to Connery as I could."
Lazenby went on to add:
It hasn't been easy, trying to climb back... I admit I acted stupidly. It went to my head, everything that was happening to me. But remember, it was my first film... Now what I've got to do is live down my past; convince people I'm not the same person who made a fool of himself all those years ago. I know I can do it. All I need is the chance.
In 1978, he took out an advertisement in Variety, offering himself for acting work.
"If I could get a TV series or a good movie, I swear I'd do it for nothing", he told a journalist. "People ask me if the Bond movie wasn't worth it if it got me into acting. It's true that it got me in, but it wasn't worth the ten years it cost me."
He was particularly keen to do The Thorn Birds. That project was not made until a number of years later – without Lazenby – but he did manage to secure roles in Hawaii 5-0 and Evening in Byzantium. The latter was seen by Harry Saltzman who offered Lazenby a leading role in a proposed science fiction film The Micronauts. "When I tossed Bond in after one movie he said he'd make sure I never got another job", said Lazenby." Now he's offering me one. It seems that the 10-year sentence is up. Harry saw me in a TV show I'd recently made for NBC. He rang me up out of the blue and said, "Now that was a damn lousy show, but 1 thought that you were ger-reat." However the movie was never made.
Lazenby made a guest appearance on the television series Superboy, as an alien disguised as Jor-El, in a two-part episode during the series' second season in 1990. He appeared with Sylvia Kristel in several new Emmanuelle films in the 1990s, many of which appeared on cable television. In the films, Lazenby plays a businessman who listens to Kristel's character recounting her sexual history; neither Lazenby nor Kristel participated in any of the films' frequent sexual scenes.
Influence on popular culture
Lazenby's singular portrayal of the iconic Bond character, and his lack of standing as a favourite in the series has resulted in his name being used as a metaphor for forgettable, non-iconic acting efforts in other entertainment franchises, and for entities that are largely ignored. In his review of Batman & Robin, widely regarded as the weakest and least successful film in the Batman film franchise, Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle said that George Clooney "should go down in history as the George Lazenby of the series." Actor Paul McGann has described himself with good humour as "the George Lazenby of Doctor Who" because, although he has continued in the role of the Eighth Doctor in other media, he made only two appearances on TV as the Time Lord. In a September 2006 episode of The Daily Show, comedian John Oliver suggested that Pope Benedict XVI is the George Lazenby of the papacy, in comparison to "John Paul II's Sean Connery".
In 2010 Roger Moore, who also played James Bond, provided the voice of a talking cat character named Tab Lazenby in the film Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore, which contained several references to, and parodies of, Bond films.
In 1973, Lazenby married his girlfriend of three years, Chrissie Townsend, a member of the Gannett family. They subsequently had two children, Zachary and Melanie. Zachary was diagnosed with a malignant brain tumour when he was eleven and died when he was 19 years old. Melanie became one of the most successful real estate brokers in New York.
Lazenby also had a daughter, Jennifer, he fathered in 1962.
In 2002 Lazenby married former tennis player Pam Shriver. In August 2008, it was reported that Shriver had filed for divorce from Lazenby. Documents filed in Los Angeles Superior Court cite "irreconcilable differences" for the end of the couple's six-year marriage. The couple have three children, including twins born in 2005.
"I thought I was doing the right thing for these children", said Melanie Lazenby. "It wasn’t a revenge thing. I care a lot about my dad, I love him. I think he's a really incredible, unique person, but he's also an artist and he has demons and flaws, and maybe he's not the best person to be taking care of three toddlers."
Eventually Lazenby was awarded visitation rights for his children.
Lazenby's autobiography, The Other Fella, is scheduled to be released in hardcover by Century in 2013, and in paperback by Arrow in 2013.
- Deakin (1970) – a Western
Roles originally offered to Lazenby
- James Bond in Diamonds Are Forever (1971) and Never Say Never Again (1983) – he turned down the former but was only considered for the latter
- the role played by James Coburn in Duck, You Sucker! (1971) – he turned it down
- the part played by Gig Young in Game of Death (1978)
- John Cleese says he wanted to cast Lazenby as Jesus Christ in The Life of Brian – his agent turned it down
- "George Lazenby biography". New York Times. accessed 4 June 2011.
- Australian National Portrait Gallery. "Australians in Hollywood". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
- Megan Doherty, 'Former 007 Celebrates His 61st Birthday Back In Queanbeyan', The Canberra Times [Canberra, A.C.T] 10 Sep 2000: 3.
- "£45 FINE IN TRAFFIC CASE RE-HEARING.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 15 December 1961. p. 30. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Advertising.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 9 March 1963. p. 12. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "FAREWELL TO BELINDA.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 10 April 1964. p. 29. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Gordon, Chris. "Lazenby's Goulburn bond" Goulburn Post. 3 November 2010
- Terry Coleman, '007 Mk2', The Guardian (1959-2003) [London (UK)] 8 October 1968: 5
- "CAPITALLETTER.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 29 August 1968. p. 3. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Inside On Her Majesty's Secret Service (DVD). OHMSS Ultimate Edition DVD: MGM Home Entertainment Inc. 2000.
- De 'vergeten' 007. Andere Tijden, VPRO, Nederland 2 20:25–21:25.
- ""Happy 69th Birthday, George Lazenby!" commanderbond.net; 5 September 2008". Commanderbond.net. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- "George Lazenby". MI6-HQ.com. 5 September 1939. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- 'Australian Non-Actor Chosen to Play James Bond', The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) [Washington, D.C] 09 Oct 1968: D14.
- Copyright 1998–2010. "Information on ''Her Majesty's Secret Service'' at". MI6-HQ.com. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Interview in Bondage, magazine of the James Bond 007 Fan Club[volume & issue needed]
- "FILM SPY HAS TEARFUL EYE TO GREET PARENTS.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 10 July 1969. p. 3. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "JAMES BOND—WHEN HE'S AT HOME.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 6 August 1969. p. 7. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Latest 007 Seeking to End His Bondage". Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Los Angeles, California. 24 Nov 1969: 2.
- Gene Siskel, 'The Movies: What's New, Diana?', Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 3 December 1969: c10
- "Lazenby quits 007.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 25 November 1969. p. 14. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "A Visit With 007's Armorer" Knapp, Dan. Los Angeles Times 27 Dec 1971: e17.
- 'Glenn Takes Flier as Anti-Flight Hero', Los Angeles Times 14 Dec 1969: 26a.
- "Lazenby does his thing.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 11 December 1969. p. 34. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Wayne Warga, 'Movies: Why the New 007 Gave Up Role After Only 001 Film', Los Angeles Times 1 Feb 1970: d18.
- Lipp 159
- Of human Bondage. The Sunday Times (London, England), Sunday, December 21, 1969; pg. 11; Issue 7647. (453 words)
- Durham Rooms, Accessed 31 October 2010.
- "Help, I've Skyfallen and I Can't Get Up". This Hour Has 22 Minutes. Season 20. Episode 9. 27 November 2012. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
- Inside Diamonds Are Forever: Diamonds Are Forever Ultimate Edition, Disc 2 (DVD). MGM/UA Home Video. 2000. ASIN: B000LY2L1Q.
- "Lazenby rides again.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 3 January 1970. p. 16. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Lazenby takes 'beautiful trip' on LSD.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 27 March 1970. p. 7. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "ACTOR'S FRIEND HELD.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 26 May 1970. p. 6. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Actor Lazenby throws off his Bonds.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 1 January 1971. p. 3. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "THE PEACEFUL AIMS OF AN EX-007.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 6 January 1971. p. 5. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "GREER AND LAZENBY.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 12 April 1972. p. 3. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Natalie Wood: Funny but She Doesn't Look 40" Los Angeles Times 13 Aug 1978: o27.
- "George Lazenby takes a new domestic role.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 17 October 1973. p. 2. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- Evans, Peter (25 July 1971). "Has Time Banked the Fires of Sexy Agent 007?: Banking the Fires of Agent 007". Los Angeles Times s1.
- Bey Logan, "George Lazenby Far Eastern Odyssey (Part 1)" Impact Magazine issue 97 January 2000 accessed 18 February 2015
- "George Lazenby takes a new domestic role.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 17 October 1973. p. 2. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "LAZENBY BACK IN NEW SPY SERIES.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 23 January 1974. p. 18. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Advertising.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 10 November 1976. p. 20. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "PEOPLE". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 7 December 1977. p. 10. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- The Man Who Makes 007 Run Lee, Grant. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 05 June 1978: g8.
- "Sean Connery Back in Bondage?" Los Angeles Times 13 July 1978: h12.
- Bob Wisehart, 'Movies: 007 rises, falls, then rises again', Chicago Tribune 10 Sep 1978: e23.
- Mick LaSalle (20 June 1997). "Batman Chills Out". San Francisco Chronicle.
- "Byzantine Logic". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Comedy Central. 19 September 2006
- "Actor's wife has son.". The Canberra Times (National Library of Australia). 11 November 1974. p. 8. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Candace Taylor, " Lazenby's 007 moment", The Real Deal 1 March 2012 accessed 18 Feb 2015
- "Pam Shriver files for divorce from former Bond George Lazenby" The Australian 8 August 2008
- "George Lazenby pointed gun at me, says his daughter" Actor News – 31-08-08 accessed 18 Feb 2015
- "George Lazenby's autobiography 'The Other Fella' to be published in 2012". MI6. accessed 15 August 2011.
- "George Lazenby" at Crawleys Casting Calls accessed 23 Feb 2015
- "George Lazenby" at Time Out
- Review of Life of Brian Criterion Collection
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Lazenby.|
- Official website
- George Lazenby at the Internet Movie Database
- George Lazenby at the National Film and Sound Archive
- 2005 interview Swindon Web, 10 June 2005
- Aushenker, Michael. "'Bond'-ing with George Lazenby" Palisadian-Post, 26 November 2008
- Davies, Barbara. "As Bond star George Lazenby and tennis ace Pam Shriver head for the divorce courts, the truth about ... the spy who shoved me" Mail Online, 23 August 2008
- "Bond star bedded 'a woman a day'" Stuff, 11 September 2010
|Eon Productions James Bond actor