George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Right Honourable
The Earl of Dartmouth
FRS KG PC
Portrait of George Legge 3rd Earl of Dartmouth by William Daniell 1809.jpg
President of the Board of Control
In office
1801–1802
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Henry Addington
Preceded by The Viscount Melville
Succeeded by Viscount Castlereagh
Lord Steward
In office
1802–1804
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Henry Addington
Preceded by The Earl of Leicester
Succeeded by The Earl of Aylesford
Lord Chamberlain
In office
1804–1810
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
The Lord Grenville
The Duke of Portland
Hon. Spencer Perceval
Preceded by The Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded by Vacant
Personal details
Born 3 October 1755 (1755-10-03)
Died 10 November 1810 (1810-11-11)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Lady Frances Finch
(d. 1810)

George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth KG, PC, FRS (3 October 1755 – 10 November 1810), styled Viscount Lewisham until 1801, was a British politician.

Background[edit]

Dartmouth was born 3 October 1765. He was the eldest son of William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth, and Frances Katherine, daughter of Sir Charles Gounter Nicoll. He was the elder brother of Admiral the Hon. Sir Arthur Kaye Legge and the Hon. Edward Legge, Bishop of Oxford.[1]

He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated 22 October 1771, and was created M.A. 3 July 1775, and D.C.L. 28 October 1778.[1] At some time during the 1770s he went to Florence as he appears in an important painting by Johann Zoffany which the artist titled the Tribuna of the Uffizi.[2]

Political career[edit]

Venus with a Satyr and Cupids by Annibale Carracci Raphael, Madonna della Sedia (Madonna of the Chair), c.1514 Guido Reni, Charity, 1607 Raphael, St John the Baptist Reni, Madonna Madonna della seggiola Correggio, Madonna and Child Justus Sustermans, Galileo Raphael, Madonna of the Goldfinch Franciabigio - Madonna of the Well Guido Reni, Cleopatra, 1635–40 Holy Family, then attributed to Perugino Rubens, Justus Lipsius with his Pupils, c.1615 Portrait of Leo X with two Cardinals by Raphael Tribute Money? by Carravagio? Rubens, Justus Lipsius with his Pupils, c.1615 Raphael, Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de’ Medici and Luigi de’ Rossi, 1518 Niccolini-Cowper Madonna by Raphael Large central painting Holbein, Sir Richard Southwell, 1536 Cristofano Allori, Miracle of St Julian Holy Family, attributed to Niccolò Soggi ummm Raphael, Niccolini-Cowper Madonna, 1508, then in Lord Cowper’s possession, having bought it from Zoffany, now National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Titian, Venus of Urbino, 1538 Cupid and Psyche, Roman copy of a Greek original of the 1st or 2nd century BC The ‘Arrotino’ (Knife-Grinder), a Pergamene original of 2nd or 3rd century BC Dancing Faun, marble replica of a bronze of the circle of Praxiteles, 4th century BC The Infant Hercules Strangling the Serpents The Wrestlers, marble copy of a bronze Permamene original, 2nd or 3rd century BC South Indian crater Etruscan helmet Chimera - Etruscan art 8 Oil lamps Egyptian ptahmose, 18th dynasty Greek bronze torso Bust of Julius Caeser Roman silver shield Head of Antinous South Italian crater Etruscan jug Octagonal table with pietra dura top made for the Tribuna, designed by Jacopo Ligozzi and Bernardino Poccetti. Charles Loraine Smith (1751–1835) Richard Edgcumbe, later 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (1764–1839) George, 3rd Earl Cowper (1738–89) Sir John Dick (1720–1804), British Consul at Leghorn Other Windsor, 6th Earl of Plymouth (1751–99) Johann Zoffany Mr Stevenson, companion to the Lord Lewisham George Legge, Lord Lewisham, later 3rd Earl of Dartmouth (1755–1810) unknown young man Valentine Knightley of Fawsley (1744–96) Pietro Bastianelli, the custodian of the gallery Mr Gordon Hon. Felton Hervey (1712–73) Thomas Patch (1725-82), Painter Sir John Taylor Bt., (d. 1786) Sir Horace Mann (1706–86), British Consul in Florence George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea prob. Roger Wilbraham (1743-1829) Mr Watts Mr Doughty, travelling with Charles Loraine Smith Probably Thomas Wilbraham (b. 1751), brother of Roger The Medici Venus, Roman copy of a Greek original of the 2nd century BC James Bruce (1730–94), African explorer Use a cursor to explore or press button for larger image & copyright
Tribuna of the Uffizi by Johann Zoffany. Place cursor over artworks or persons to identify them.

Dartmouth was returned to Parliament for Plymouth in 1778, a seat he held until 1780.[3] The latter year he was returned for both Horsham[4] and Staffordshire 1784, but chose to represent the latter. He continued to represent this constituency until 1784.[5] From 1783 to 1798 he served as Lord Warden of the Stannaries. He remained out of parliament for the next 17 years, but in 1801 he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Dartmouth. He succeeded his father in the earldom later the same year. Dartmouth served under Henry Addington as President of the Board of Control between 1801 and 1802 and as Lord Steward between 1802 and 1804. From 1804 to 1810 he was Lord Chamberlain under successively Pitt the Younger, Lord Grenville, the Duke of Portland and Spencer Perceval. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1801 and appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1805. He was also admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society on 3 May 1781[6] and was the first President of the British Institution in 1805.

Family[edit]

Lord Dartmouth married Lady Frances (9 February 1761 - 21 November 1838), daughter of Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Aylesford, on 24 September 1782. They had fifteen children:

  • Hon. Frances Catherine Legge (7 September 1783 - 7 March 1789)
  • William Legge, 4th Earl of Dartmouth (1784–1853)
  • Hon. George Legge (20 February 1786 - 15 October 1789)
  • Lady Louisa Legge (8 March 1787 – 13 August 1816), married William Bagot, 2nd Baron Bagot and had issue.
  • Hon. Henage Legge (29 February 1788 – 12 December 1844), married Mary Johnstone.
  • Lady Charlotte Legge (12 February 1789 – 15 June 1877), married in 1816 Very Rev. Hon. George Neville-Grenville (Dean of Windsor), son of Richard Griffin, 2nd Baron Braybrooke and had issue.
  • Lady Harriet Legge (7 September 1790 - 11 March 1855), married in 1815 General Hon. Sir Edward Paget, son of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge and had issue.
  • Lady Barbara Maria Legge (29 Nov 1791 - 22 April 1840), married in 1820 Francis Parker Newdigate and had issue
  • Hon. Catherine Charlotte Legge (2 Apr 1793 - 1793)
  • Lady Georgina Caroline Legge (14 May 1795 – 11 August 1885)
  • Lady Mary Legge (3 June 1796 – 8 July 1886)
  • Lady Anne Legge (14 August 1797 – 24 November 1885)
  • Hon. Charles Legge (26 January 1799 – 1 November 1821)
  • General Hon. Arthur Charles Legge (25 June 1800 – 18 May 1890), married first on 1 June 1827 Lady Anne Holroyd (d. 1829), daughter of John Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield, second on 29 August 1837 Caroline Bouwens and had issue.
  • Hon. Henry Legge (25 Sep 1803 – 13 February 1887), vicar of Lewisham, married on 12 May 1842 Maria Rogers (d. 1890), daughter of Sir Frederick Rogers, 7th Baronet.[7]

Lord Dartmouth died on 10 November 1810, aged 55, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, William. Lady Dartmouth only survived her husband by eleven days and died on 21 November 1810.

Kit Harrington, famous for his portrayal of Jon Snow on the HBO television series Game of Thrones, is also a descendant of Legge.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rigg 1892.
  2. ^ A key to the people shown, oneonta.edu, retrieved 11 June 2014
  3. ^ leighrayment.com - House of Commons, Plymouth-Putney
  4. ^ leighrayment.com - House of Commons, Horncastle-Hythe
  5. ^ leighrayment.com - House of Commons, Southend-Stamford
  6. ^ "Lists of Royal Society Fellows". Retrieved 2006-12-15. 
  7. ^ http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00104914&tree=LEO
  8. ^ http://www.genesreunited.co.uk/blog/genes-reunited-blog/archive/2013/7/26/game-of-thrones-star-kit-haringtons-noble-blood
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainRigg, James McMullen (1892). "Legge, George (1755-1810)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Viscount Barrington
Sir Charles Hardy
Member of Parliament for Plymouth
1778–1780
With: Sir Charles Hardy 1778–1780
Sir Frederick Rogers, Bt 1780
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Rogers, Bt
George Darby
Preceded by
Lord Grey
Sir John Wrottesley, Bt
Member of Parliament for Staffordshire
1780–1784
With: Sir John Wrottesley, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Wrottesley, Bt
Sir Edward Littleton, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
Viscount Melville
President of the Board of Control
1801–1802
Succeeded by
Viscount Castlereagh
Preceded by
The Earl of Leicester
Lord Steward
1802–1804
Succeeded by
The Earl of Aylesford
Preceded by
The Marquess of Salisbury
Lord Chamberlain
1804–1810
Succeeded by
Vacant
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Humphrey Morice
Lord Warden of the Stannaries
1783–1798
Succeeded by
Sir John Morshead, Bt
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Legge
Earl of Dartmouth
1801–1810
Succeeded by
William Legge
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Legge
Baron Dartmouth
1801–1810
(writ of acceleration)
Succeeded by
William Legge