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George Lincoln Goodale (August 3, 1839 – April 12, 1923) was an American botanist.
Goodale was born in Saco, Maine. He graduated from Amherst College in 1860 and from Harvard Medical School in 1863, after which he practiced in Portland, Maine, until 1867.
Goodale became professor of natural science and applied chemistry at Bowdoin. In 1872, he was appointed instructor in botany and University lecturer on vegetable physiology at Harvard, and advanced to assistant professor of the latter subject a year later. In 1878, he became a professor of botany and the Fisher professor of natural science, a chair formerly held by Asa Gray.
After 1879, Goodale served as director of the botanical museum. He commissioned many glass botanical models from Leopold and Rudolf Blaschka, which are still on display at the Harvard Museum of Natural History. In 1889, he served as president of the American Society of Naturalists and president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Goodale retired in 1909.
In addition to monographs and contributions to scientific journals, his publications include:
- Wild Flowers of North America (1882)
- Vegetable Physiology (1885)
- Vegetable Histology (1885)
- Useful Plants of the Future (1891)
- Concerning a Few Common Plants (1879); third edition, 1903
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.