George Macovescu

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George Macovescu
George Macovescu.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania
In office
October 18, 1972 – March 8, 1978
President Nicolae Ceaușescu
Preceded by Corneliu Mănescu
Succeeded by Ștefan Andrei
General Secretary of Ministry of Information of Romania
In office
1945–1947
President Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
Personal details
Born May 28, 1913
Romania
Died March 20, 2002(2002-03-20) (aged 88)
Spouse(s) Teri Macovescu, Emilia Macovescu

George Macovescu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈd͡ʒe̯ord͡ʒe makoˈvesku]; May 28, 1913 – March 20, 2002) was a Romanian writer and communist politician who served as the General Secretary of Ministry of Information of Romania and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania.

Life and political career[edit]

In the 1930s George Macovescu wrote articles for several left-wing newspapers, such as Adevărul and Dimineața.[1][2] In 1936 he joined the then illegal Communist Party of Romania,[3] and after World War II started, he supported the anti-Nazi forces in German-aligned Romania. Around this time he also married a Jewish wife, Teri Ungar (Tereza).[1] After the war, Macovescu was the General Secretary of the Ministry of Information of Romania in 1945-1947. He was then appointed Ambassador of Romania to the United Kingdom and served there from 1947 until 1949. After he came back to Bucharest, Macovescu became the magistrate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania from 1949 through 1952.[2] He then worked as the Chief Magistrate of the Romanian cinematography from 1955 until 1959. In 1959-1961, he was the Ambassador of Romania to the United States and a member of the Romanian delegation to the United Nations.[4] In 1961, upon his return to Romania, he was appointed the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and in 1967 he became the First Deputy Minister subsequently becoming the Minister of Foreign Affairs on October 18, 1972. As the deputy minister and later minister, he took part in establishing better relations with Israel and tried to increase mediating role of Romania in Israeli-Egyptian conflict.[5][6] Macovescu served as Minister until 1978.[7]

Macovescu also headed the Writers' Union of Romania from 1978 until 1982. It was in this role in 1979, as a delegate to the XII Romanian Communist Party Congress representing the Writers' Union, that Macovescu rose to discredit a dissident speech by Constantin Parvulescu which denounced Nicolae Ceaușescu's leadership as party leader; Macovescu defended Ceaușescu and called on the delegates to "pretend that we didn't even hear what Comrade Parvulescu said."[8] From 1949 until 1981, he also taught at Department of Romanian Language and Literature of Bucharest University.[7]

Writings[edit]

  • Contradicții în Imperiul Britanic, București, 1950 (written under the pen name Victor Duran)
  • Viața și opera lui Al. Sahia, București, 1950
  • Gheorghe Lazăr, București, 1954
  • Unele probleme ale reportajului literar, București, 1956
  • Oameni și fapte, București, 1957

*Introducere în știința literaturii, București, 1962

  • Vârstele timpului, București, 1971
  • Catargele înalte, București, 1972
  • Farmecul pământului. , București, 1977
  • Parfumul amar al pelinului verde. Jurnal la marginea dintre vis și viață, București, 1982
  • Semnul dintre ochi, București, 1983
  • Undeva, cândva, București, 1985
  • Trecânde anotimpuri, București, 1988
  • Jurnal, Vol. I, Domino, București, 2006[9]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Balas, Egon (1987). Will to freedom: a perilous journey through fascism and communism. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press. p. 188. ISBN 0-8156-0603-6. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  2. ^ a b Simuț, Ion (2007-09-21). "Un comunist onest" [A honest Communist]. In Manolescu, Nicolae. România literară (in Romanian) (Writers' Union of Romania). XXXIX (37). ISSN 1220-6318. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Stanley (1987). World population and the United Nations: challenge and response. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press. p. 96. ISBN 0-521-32207-3. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  4. ^ "NEW RUMANIAN PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE TO UN". 1961-09-19. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  5. ^ "Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 86 Joint communique Romania-Israel- 1 June 1975". Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  6. ^ Segev, Tom (2005). 1967: Israel, the War, and the Year that Transformed the Middle East. Hungary: Metropolitan Books. p. 565. ISBN 963-9116-09-2. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  7. ^ a b Vianu, Lidia (1998). Censorship in Romania. Hungary: Central European University Press. p. 1. ISBN 963-9116-09-2. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  8. ^ "Parvulescu: Argument and pseudo-argument in a unique event in a Communist dictatorship". Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  9. ^ http://www.evz.ro/detalii/stiri/senatul-evz-pcr-si-fascismul-stalinist-453963/pagina-comentarii//toate-comentariile.html