Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia

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Grand Duke George Mikhailovich
Grand Duke of Russia, Prince of Prussia
George romanow.jpg
House House of Hohenzollern-Romanov
Father Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia
Mother Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia
Born (1981-03-13) 13 March 1981 (age 33)
Madrid, Spain

Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (Russian: Георгий Михайлович Романов; born 13 March 1981) is the heir apparent to Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia, a claimant to the disputed Headship of the Imperial Family of Russia. He uses as his title of pretension Tsarevich and Grand Duke of Russia with the style of Imperial Highness; as the son of a Prince of Prussia he also has the title Prince of Prussia with the style of Royal Highness.

Early life[edit]

Russian Imperial Family
Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire

HIH The Grand Duchess

  • HI&RH Grand Duke George

HH The Prince
HH The Princess

  • HSH Princess Natalia
  • HSH Princess Elizabeth
  • HSH Princess Tatiana
HSH Prince Dimitri
HSH Princess Dorrit
Coat of arms of the German Empire (1871-1918)

George was born in Madrid in 1981, the son of Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia (at the time styled HIH Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia) and Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia,[1][2] only child and heir of Vladimir Cyrillovich, Grand Duke of Russia.[3][4] Grandparents on his father's side were Prince Karl Francis of Prussia and Princess Henriette Hermine von Schönaich-Carolath. George was baptised on 6 May 1981, in Madrid; his godfather is Constantine II of Greece. Also present at the baptism were King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía of Spain and Simeon II and Queen Margarita of Bulgaria.[5]

George was given the title Grand Duke of Russia by his maternal grandfather.[6] Prince Vasili Alexandrovich, then president of the Romanov Family Association, responded in writing that "The Romanov Family Association hereby declares that the joyful event in the Prussian Royal House does not concern the Romanov Family Association since the newborn prince is not a member of either the Russian Imperial House or of the Romanov family".[7]

In anticipation of his eventual succession as pretender and with his maternal grandfather's approval, his mother applied for a change of name with the French authorities as "Grand Duke George of Russia" instead of "Prinz von Preußen".[7] This was refused by the French Minister of Justice. His parents separated in 1982 and divorced in 1985. His father, who stopped using his Russian title after his separation, has said of his son, "I have his German passport right here; I always carry it with me. It says he is Prince George of Prussia".[7]

George spent the first years of his life in France before moving to Spain.[8] There he and his mother lived, along with Princess Leonida Bagration of Mukhrani, his maternal grandmother, in the home of his maternal half-aunt, Helen Kirby, who inherited a significant fortune from her father, Sumner Moore Kirby.[9]

Heir to his mother[edit]

On 21 April 1992, upon the death of his maternal grandfather Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich, George's mother claimed to have succeeded as the sovereign and Curatrix of the Throne of Russia,[10] making him, to supporters of his mother, heir-apparent and tsarevich. He visited Russia for the first time shortly thereafter to attend the funeral of his grandfather.[8] His claim to the throne is contested, for reasons detailed in the article on the line of succession to the Russian throne.

In 1996, when he, his mother, and his grandmother Leonida returned to Russia after living in Madrid, one of President Boris Yeltsin's former bodyguards was assigned as tutor to the 15-year-old prince. He was also set to study at a Russian Naval college but these plans were dropped out of concern that he would be bullied.[11]

When asked by reporters if he expected the monarchy in Russia to be restored some day, he replied, "I hope so."[citation needed] George is also distantly in the line of succession to the British throne through his mother's descent from The Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, second son of Queen Victoria. George is also descended through his father from Empress Frederick, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria.

Titles[edit]

Awards[edit]

Russian Orders

  • Knight Grand Cross Saint Andrews Order.
  • Knight Order of Saint Alexander Nevski.
  • Knight Order of the White Eagle.
  • Knight Grand Cross Order of St. Anne
  • Knight Grand Cross Order of Saint Stanislaus.

Foreign Orders

  • Knight of the Order of the Eagle of Georgia and the Seamless Tunic of Our Lord Jesus Christ, House of Bagration (Georgia)
  • Knight Grand Cross Order of the Holy Trinity, Salomonic (Ethiopia)
  • Knight Grand Cross Order of Saint Miguel del Ala, House of Braganza (Portugal)
  • Gran Bailly of the Order of Malta (Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta)[12]

Education and career[edit]

George was educated at Runnymede College in Madrid, Doverbroecks College, Oxford and at St Benet's Hall, Oxford.

In Brussels, George worked at the European Parliament where he was an assistant to Loyola de Palacio, former European Commissioner for Transport and Energy. Later he moved to Luxembourg where he was employed at the European Commission's Directorate-General for Atomic Energy and Security.

On 12 December 2008, George was appointed an aide to the Director General of MMC Norilsk Nickel, a major Russian nickel-mining company.[13]

In 2012 George was nominated chief executive of Metal Trade Overseas, the main sales hub for Norilsk Nickel in Switzerland.[14]

In 2014 he started his own company, Romanoff & Partners, in Brussels.[15]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eilers, Marlene. Queen Victoria's Descendants. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden, 1997. pp.82-84, 127, 152, 173. ISBN 91-630-5964-9
  2. ^ de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, p. 99, 111, 799 (French) ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
  3. ^ Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd (1973). Burke’s Guide to the Royal Family. London: Burke's Peerage. pp. 297, 302. ISBN 0-220-66222-3. 
  4. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser, Band VIII. "Haus Rußland (Maison de Russie)". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1968, pp. 134, 159. (German, French) ISBN 978-3-7980-0824-8.
  5. ^ Succession to the Imperial throne of Russia (Note: referenced document written in support of a disputed point of view)
  6. ^ Massie p. 264
  7. ^ a b c Massie, 270.
  8. ^ a b "Georgii Mikhailovich". imperialhouse.ru. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  9. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/a-long-memory-for-murder-1.67852
  10. ^ Dynastic Succession
  11. ^ Slater, Wendy (2007). The Many Deaths of Tsar Nicholas II. Routledge. p. 56. ISBN 0-415-34516-2. 
  12. ^ http://www.imperialhouse.ru
  13. ^ "Georgy Romanov appointed as Advisor to General Director of MMC Norilsk Nickel".
  14. ^ http://www.nornik.ru/en/about-norilsk-nickel/sales/our-sales
  15. ^ http://www.romanoffpartners.com/

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Born: 13 March 1981
Lines of succession
First in line Line of succession to the Russian throne
(Disputed)

1st position
Succeeded by
Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia
Preceded by
Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia
Line of succession to the German throne
10th position
Last in line
Preceded by
Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia
Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Alfred, son of Victoria
Succeeded by
Prince Emich of Leiningen