George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Galway
GCMG DSO OBE
George Monckton-Arundell.jpg
5th Governor-General of New Zealand
In office
12 April 1935 – 3 February 1941
Monarch George V
Edward VIII
George VI
Preceded by The Lord Bledisloe
Succeeded by The Lord Newall
Personal details
Born (1882-03-24)24 March 1882
Died 27 March 1943(1943-03-27) (aged 61)
Blyth, Nottinghamshire
United Kingdom
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

George Vere Arundel Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway GCMG DSO OBE (24 March 1882 – 27 March 1943) was a British politician. He served as the fifth Governor-General of New Zealand between 1935 and 1941.

Early life and family[edit]

Simon, the 8th Viscount Galway, Isabel, Lucia, Celia and Mary (from left).

George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell Galway was born on 24 March 1882. His parents were George Monckton-Arundell and Vere Gosling.[1] He had one sibling; Violet Frances Monckton-Arundell (14 May 1880 – 24 October 1930).[2] He received his education at a preparatory school in Berkshire[3] before attending Eton (1895–1900) and Christ Church College in Oxford (1900–1904). He graduated with a Master of Arts in modern history.[1][4]

Viscount Galway married Lucia Margaret White, daughter of the 3rd Baron Annaly, in 1922. They had four children: Mary Victoria Monckton (b. 1924), Celia Ella Vere Monckton (1925–1997), Isabel Cynthia Monckton (b. 1926) and Simon George Robert Monckton-Arundell (1929–1971).[4][5]

Military career[edit]

In 1904, he joined the First Life Guards, the senior regiment of the British Army that makes up the Household Cavalry, where he rose to the rank of Colonel Commandant. During the First World War he was appointed as Adjutant general and Quartermaster general. He was of the Royal Artillery (1933–35). In 1933 he was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Honourable Artillery Company(HAC) until 1934 when he relenquished it on appointment as Governor-General of New Zealand. Upon retirement from his post as Governor General he returned as Colonel Commandant of the HAC until his untimely death.[4][6][7]

Political ambitions[edit]

In 1910, he attempted to follow his father into the House of Commons. He contested the Scarborough constituency in the 1910 general election, but was unsuccessful.[5]

Governor-General of New Zealand[edit]

Viscount Galway was Governor-General of New Zealand from 12 April 1935 to 3 February 1941. His military background made an impression with cabinet ministers of the time. His term was twice extended because of World War II.[7] Viscount Galway and his wife received numerous gifts during his time as Governor-General. Some were returned to New Zealand around the time of the sale of the family house Selby Hall[8] and were donated to the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa in 1980.[9]

Freemasonry[edit]

He was a freemason. During his term as Governor-General (1935-1938), he was also Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Zealand.[10]

Later years and death[edit]

Upon his return to England, he held the honorary post of Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire under the 7th Duke of Portland. He died suddenly on 27 March 1943 in Blyth.[7]

Arms[edit]

Arms of George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway
George Monckton-Arundell Arms.svg
Notes
The arms of George Monckton-Arundell consist of:
Crest
1 On a chapeau Azure doubled Ermine a swallow Argent (for Arundell), 2 A martlet Or (for Monckton).
Escutcheon
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Sable six swallows, three, two and one, Argent (for Arundell); 2nd and 3rd, Sable on a chevron, between three martlets Or, as many mullets of the field (for Monckton).
Supporters
Two unicorns Ermine, crined, armed and unguled, each gorged with an Eastern diadem Or.
Motto
Certus et Constans

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway". The Peerage.com. Retrieved 13 November 2010. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "George Edward Milnes Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway". The Peerage.com. Retrieved 13 November 2010. [unreliable source]
  3. ^ "Lord Galway". Evening Post. CXVIII (108). 3 November 1934. p. 11. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Biography of George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway (1882–1943)". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Lord Galway". Evening Post CXIX (87). 12 April 1935. Retrieved 17 November 2010. 
  6. ^ Page 351-353, Regimental Fire, A History of the HAC in World war II, Author: Brigadier RF Johnson
  7. ^ a b c A. H. McLintock, ed. (22 April 2009). "GALWAY, Sir George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, Eighth Viscount". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "Biography of George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway (1882–1943)". Manuscripts and Special Collections. The University of Nottingham. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "Collection items associated with Viscount Galway, GCMG, DSO, OBE, PC". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  10. ^ http://kenthenderson.com.au/m_papers03.html

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Bledisloe
Governor-General of New Zealand
1935–1941
Succeeded by
Sir Cyril Newall
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
George Monckton-Arundell
Viscount Galway
1931–1943
Succeeded by
Simon Monckton-Arundell