George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu

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His Grace

The Duke of Montagu

KG, PC, FRS
1stDukeOfMontagu.jpg
The Duke of Montagu.
Personal details
Born 26 July 1712
Cardigan House, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, England
Died 23 May 1790
Privy Gardens, Whitehall, London
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Lady Mary Montagu
(c. 1711–1775)
Alma mater Queen's College, Oxford

George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu KG, PC, FRS (26 July 1712 – 23 May 1790)[1][2][3] styled Lord Brudenell until 1732 and known as The Earl of Cardigan between 1732 and 1766, was a British peer.

Background and education[edit]

He was born George Brudenell at Cardigan House, Lincoln's Inn Fields, in London, the eldest son of George Brudenell, 3rd Earl of Cardigan and his wife Lady Elizabeth Bruce, daughter of Thomas Bruce, 3rd Earl of Elgin.[1] He was baptised on 1 August 1712 at St Giles-in-the-Fields. He was the elder brother of James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan, the Honourable Robert Brudenell and Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury. He matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford on 1 July 1726 and graduated from there on 31 January 1729 with a Master of Arts degree.

Public life[edit]

Brudenell succeeded his father in the earldom 1732. In 1742 he was appointed Justice in Eyre north of the Trent, a post he held until 1752. He inherited the estates of his father-in-law, the 2nd and last Duke of Montagu (see below), in 1749, and assumed the surname "Montagu" for himself and his children on 15 July 1749. In 1752 he was made a Knight of the Garter and made Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle, which he remained until his death. In 1766 he was created Marquess of Monthermer and Duke of Montagu, revivals of the titles which had become extinct on his father-in-law's death. His only son, John Montagu, Marquess of Monthermer, had been created a peer in his own right in 1762 as Baron Montagu of Boughton, but died unmarried in 1770, and, with no male heirs, Montagu was created Baron Montagu, of Boughton in the County of Northampton, in 1776, with a special remainder to the younger sons of his daughter, who had married Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch. He was sworn of the Privy Council the same year. He later served as Master of the Horse from 1780 to 1790 and as Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire from 1789 to 1790.

Family[edit]

Montagu married Lady Mary Montagu, daughter of John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu (of the first creation), on 7 July 1730 St Giles-in-the-Fields. They had two children who survived infancy:

The Duchess of Montagu died in May 1775. The Duke of Montagu died at Privy Gardens, Whitehall, London, in May 1790, aged 77, without surviving male issue. The marquessate and dukedom became extinct, the earldom of Cardigan and its associated titles passed to his brother, Lord Brudenell, and the barony of Montagu passed to his grandson, Lord Henry Scott (who assumed the surname "Montagu-Scott", and on whose death the barony became extinct).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 14.
  2. ^  "Montagu, George Brudenell". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  3. ^ Record for George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu at www.thepeerage.com
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven
Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent

1742–1752
Succeeded by
The Duke of Somerset
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Northumberland
Master of the Horse
1780–1790
Succeeded by
Marquess of Graham
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of St Albans
Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle
1752–1790
Succeeded by
The Earl of Cardigan
Preceded by
The Duke of Manchester
Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire
1789–1790
Succeeded by
Marquess of Graham
Peerage of England
Preceded by
George Brudenell
Earl of Cardigan
1732–1790
Succeeded by
James Brudenell
Peerage of Great Britain
New title Duke of Montagu
1766–1790
Extinct
Baron Montagu
1786–1790
Succeeded by
Henry Scott