George Morton (Pilgrim Father)

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George Morton or George Mourt[1] (ca. 1585 – 1624) was an English Puritan Separatist. He was the publisher of, and perhaps helped write, the first account in Great Britain of the founding of Plymouth Colony, called Mourt's Relation.

Biography[edit]

He was probably from Bawtry,[2] South Yorkshire, England, and member of the Scrooby Congregation of separatists who eventually became the Mayflower Pilgrims. Morton, who had moved to Leyden, Holland with the congregation, stayed behind when the first settlers left for Plymouth, Massachusetts. He continued to orchestrate business affairs in Europe and London for their cause—presumably arranging for the 1622 publication of, and perhaps helping write, Mourt's Relation. In 1623 Morton himself emigrated on the ship Anne[3] to Plymouth Colony with his wife Juliana Carpenter and her sister, Alice Southworth,[4] who was to become the second wife of Governor William Bradford.

George Morton died in 1624,[5] the year after he arrived in Plymouth. His widow Juliana then married Manasseh Kempton,[6] who had also arrived in 1623 on the Anne. After Morton's death, Governor Bradford took a keen interest in helping to raise the Morton children.

Family[edit]

George Morton's children by his only wife, Juliana, were:[2]

  • Nathaniel Morton, m. Plymouth 25 December 1635 Lydia Cooper.(Plymouth Public Schools named Nathaniel Morton Elementary School after him.)
  • Patience Morton, m. by 1633 John Faunce. (She was the mother of famed and last Plymouth church elder, Thomas Faunce.)
  • John Morton, m. by 1649 Lettice (______).
  • Sarah Morton, m. 20 December 1644 George Bonum. (Sarah is the subject of the children's book Sarah Morton's Day[7] by Kate Waters.)
  • Ephraim Morton, m. Plymouth 18 Nov. 1644 Ann Cooper. (Their oldest child was the second George Morton (1645-1727) of Plymouth. He was a deacon of the Plymouth church. He m. Joanna Kempton and had ten children; note that no sons were named Richard and William as previously claimed here. See specifically pages 13 and 14 of Allen George Morton as referenced below.)
  • George Morton II, b. 1624 m. Phoebe Cooper

Notable descendants[edit]

George Morton's descendants found prosperity in the New World and became leaders in business and government. Among the most notable are:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Morton, George". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Allen, George Morton of Plymouth Colony and some of his descendants (1908) at archive.org
  3. ^ Pilgrim ships from 1602 to 1638 searchable by ship name, sailing date and passengers at packrat-pro.com
  4. ^ Robert Jennings Heinsohn, PhD, The Carpenter Sisters of Leiden at sail1620.org
  5. ^ a b New England's Memorial at Google Books.
  6. ^ 1627 Division of Cattle at mayflowerhistory.com
  7. ^ Kate Waters, Sarah Morton's Day at Google Books

References[edit]

  • John K. Allen, George Morton of Plymouth Colony and Some of His Descendants,1908, Publisher: Printed for private circulation by J. K. Allen, Chicago, 43 pages.
  • Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins. Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, 3 volumes (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), ISBN 0-88082-044-6 -- "George Morton", pp. 1296-1299.
  • William Bradford, introduction by Dwight B. Heath, Mourt's Relation: A Journal of the Pilgrims in Plymouth, 1622, annotated September 1986, Publisher: Ingram Pub Services, paperback, 96 pages, ISBN 0-918222-84-2.
  • Nathaniel Morton, New England's Memorial, 1669, Cambridge, 1855 Sixth Edition, Publisher: Congregational Board of Publication, Boston, 515 pages, ISBN 978-0-8201-1184-1.

External links[edit]