George Moses Horton
George Moses Horton (1797–1884) was an African-American poet.
He was born into slavery on William Horton's plantation in Northampton County, North Carolina. As a very young child, he and several family members were moved to a tobacco farm in rural Chatham County, when his owner relocated. Horton composed poems in his mind through his teen years. He was allowed by his master to visit the nearby University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he recited poems to students, who eagerly wrote them down and paid him for his compositions. His fame spread, and a collection of poems was published under the title The Hope of Liberty(1829).Horton was the first black southern author and the first African-American poet to produce a volume in more than half a century.
Two more collections of Horton's poetry include Poetical Works (1845) and Naked Genius (1865). He began calling himself "the Colored Bard of North Carolina". Many of his works were vivid and powerful attacks on slavery.
He eventually relocated to the West African republic of Liberia where it is believed he tried to start a new life. During the summer of 2006,UNC Chapel Hill renamed a newly built dorm, previously known as Hinton James North,to George Moses Horton dormitory.
- Life of George M. Horton. The Colored Bard of North Carolina. Hillsborough: Heartt, 1845.
- The Poetical Works of George M. Horton: The Colored Bard of North Carolina: To Which is Prefixed the Life of the Author, Written by Himself. Hillsborough [N.C.]: Printed by D. Heartt, 1845.
- George Moses Horton Project: Celebrating a triumph of literacy by Marjorie Hudson
- The George Moses Horton Project