George Newnes

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Sir George Newnes, Bt
Newnes-Spy-1894.jpg
Caricature of George Newnes by Leslie Ward ("Spy") in Vanity Fair magazine, 1894
Born (1851-03-13)13 March 1851
Matlock Bath, Derbyshire, England
Died 9 June 1910(1910-06-09) (aged 59)
Lynton, Devon, England
Other names Geo. Newnes[1]
Occupation Newspaper Proprietor, Publisher, Editor & Politician
Political party
Liberal
Spouse(s) Priscilla Hillyard

Sir George Newnes, 1st Baronet (13 March 1851 – 9 June 1910) was an English publisher and editor. His company George Newnes Ltd continued publishing long after his death.

Background and education[edit]

His father, Thomas Mold Newnes, was a Congregational church minister at the Glenorchy Chapel, Matlock.[2][3] George Newnes was born in Matlock Bath, Derbyshire,[2][4] and educated at Silcoates School and then at Shireland Hall, Warwickshire, and the City of London School.[2][3] In 1875 he married Priscilla Hillyard.[3]

Career[edit]

In 1867 he entered commerce in the "fancy goods" trade, working in London and Manchester.[2][3]

He began his career in publishing in 1881 when he founded Tit-Bits.[5] The magazine was initially published in Manchester, containing extracts from books and other publications. He funded the magazine by opening a vegetarian restaurant in Manchester.[6] The addition of competitions increased the readership of the periodical, and in 1884 Newnes moved publication to London.[2] He began to work with W T Stead, with whom he founded the Review of Reviews in 1890.[2] Tit-Bits reached a circulation of 700,000 by the end of the 19th century.[6] It paved the way for popular journalism — the Daily Mail was founded by Alfred Harmsworth, a contributor to Tit-Bits, and the Daily Express was launched by Arthur Pearson, who worked at Tit'Bits for five years after winning a competition to get a job on the magazine.[6]

Arguably his best known publication was The Strand Magazine, begun in 1891, in which Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was first able to publish his Sherlock Holmes mystery series.[6] He also founded other magazine titles, including The Westminster Gazette (1873), The Wide World Magazine (1888), and Country Life (1897). In 1891 his publishing business was formed into a company that bore his name, George Newnes Ltd. The company was reconstructed in 1897 with a capital of 1,000,000 pounds, and began the publication of books.[2]

Politically, Newnes was Liberal, and he refounded the Westminster Gazette to support the party when the Pall Mall Gazette became a Unionist paper.[2] In 1885 he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the newly created constituency of Eastern Cambridgeshire or Newmarket. He held the seat for ten years, before his defeat by the Conservative millionaire horse-breeder, Harry McCalmont in 1895.[2] In 1895 he was created a baronet "of Wildcroft, in the parish of Putney, in the county of London; of Hollerday Hill, in the parish of Lynton, and Hesketh House, in the borough of Torquay, both in the county of Devon."[7] He paid for the new Putney Library, built in 1899.

He re-entered the Commons in 1900 as MP for Swansea, and held the seat until he retired at the January 1910 general election.[2]

Newnes built a large home in Lynton, north Devon.[2] He played a major part in the development of the twin towns of Lynton and Lynmouth. He built an innovative cliff railway to join the two towns, and also provided the town hall and other amenities.[2] Largely as a result of Sir George's efforts, the 19-mile Lynton and Barnstaple Railway opened in 1898 ostensibly to bring visitors from the mainline railways at Barnstaple.

Newnes provided a silver cup for the Newnes Trophy series of chess matches between Great Britain and the United States, conducted over transatlantic cable from 1896 to 1911.[8]

Sir George Newnes died at his Lynton home in June 1910, having suffered ill health from diabetes for some time.[2] He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son, Frank Newnes, who had served as MP for Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire from 1906–1910.[2]

Publishing company[edit]

George Newnes Ltd continued publishing long after his death, with magazines such as Practical Mechanics and Practical Television. In 1963, the company became part of IPC Media, now a branch of Time Warner's publishing arm, Time Incorporated. Today books under the Newnes imprint continue to be published by Elsevier.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References and sources[edit]

References
  1. ^ Geo. Newnes, ed. (January to June 1891). The Strand Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Obituary: Sir George Newnes". The Times. 10 June 1910. p. 13. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Biographies of Candidates". The Times. 26 November 1885. p. 3. 
  4. ^ Sir George at Biography.com accessed June 2007
  5. ^ "Sir George Newnes, Bart.(1851-1910)", Yesterday's Papers.
  6. ^ a b c d Friederichs, Hulda (1911 (republished 2008)). George Newnes. London: Hodder & Stoughton (1911) Kessinger Publishing (2008). ISBN 978-0-548-88777-6.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26598. p. 911. 15 February 1895.
  8. ^ Golombek, Harry, ed. (1977), "Cable Matches", Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess, Crown Publishing, p. 53, ISBN 0-517-53146-1 
  9. ^ Newnes at Elsevier Store.
  10. ^ "Newnes (Elsevier Inc) (Imprint of Elsevier/Nelson Books)", JacketFlap.
Sources

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Newmarket
18851895
Succeeded by
Harry McCalmont
Preceded by
Sir John Dillwyn Llewellyn
Member of Parliament for Swansea
1900Jan. 1910
Succeeded by
Sir Alfred Mond
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Wildcroft)
1895–1910
Succeeded by
Frank Hillyard Newnes