George Otto Noville

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George Otto Noville (April 24, 1890 - January 3, 1963) also known as "Noville" and "Rex" was a pioneer in polar and trans-Atlantic aviation in the 1920s, and winner of the Distinguished Flying Cross. He served with Commander Richard E. Byrd on the historic (but controversial) 1926 flight to the North Pole, as third in command.[1] He was flight engineer on the America (the second plane to fly non stop over the Atlantic Ocean), and was executive officer of Byrd’s Second Antarctic Exploration 1933-35. Noville Peninsula in Antarctic is named after him.

Biography[edit]

He was born on April 24, 1890 in Cleveland, Ohio.[2] He was the son of Otto J. Noville (1870–1936) In 1927 in a trimotor Fokker C-2 monoplane, the America he flew with Richard E. Byrd, Bernt Balchen, and Bert Acosta on their record setting transatlantic flight.

In 1927, Byrd decided to partner with Floyd Bennett (his co-pilot on the North Pole flight), and attempt to win the Orteig Prize which offered a $25,000 reward for the first non-stop flight from New York City to Paris. The plane chosen for this flight was a Fokker C-2 monoplane named America. George O. Noville was selected as the flight and fuel engineer. On April 20, 1927, during a test flight in Hasbrouck Heights, New Jersey, the plane somersaulted when landing, breaking Byrd’ arm and knocking him unconscious. The crash also injured Bennett and Noville required surgery for internal injuries. A fourth person on America, plane designer Anthony Fokker, was not injured).[3]

Fokker later told Bennett that he should have refused to conduct the test flight with Byrd, Bennett and Noville on board because there was no load in the rear of the plane. As a result, the plane was nose heavy.[4]

While Byrd and his crew regrouped from the accident, Charles Lindbergh won the Orteig Prize when he landed in Paris on May 21, 1927. According to The Big Aviation Book for Boys by Richard E. Byrd, Noville was one of the group who gathered to wish Lindbergh godspeed right before his historic flight.

After several delays, Byrd’s America took off for Paris on June 29, 1927 with Noville and two relief pilots, Bert Acosta and Bernt Balchen. The weather was terrible during the flight. Rain and strong winds made navigating near impossible. When America reached Paris after 40 hours, a heavy fog prevented it from landing. Byrd and his crew flew around Paris for about six hours waiting for the fog to lift. When it failed to do so, they flew west and landed in the ocean off of Ver-sur-Mar (later known as Omaha Beach in Normandy) without fatalities on July 1, 1927. Byrd, Acosta, Balchen and Noville ended up entering France in a rubber life raft as America sunk.

Popular Science magazine, August 1928, featured an extensive article with photos about this flight, “Dick Byrd— Adventurer. The Absorbing Story of the America’s Flight across the Atlantic – a Valiant Escape from Death in Blinding Fog”[5]

Upon return to the U.S., Byrd and Noville were awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. On November 14, Noville and other “Air Heroes of 1927” were honored at the White House by President Calvin Coolidge.[6]

Noville once again joined an adventure with Byrd, serving as executive officer of Byrd’s Second Antarctic Exploration 1933-35.[7]

He died on January 3, 1963 in Chula Vista.[8][9]

Legacy[edit]

The Noville Peninsula ( 71°56′S 98°35′W), a high ice-covered peninsula about 30 nautical miles (60 km) long, between Peale and Murphy Inlets on the north side of Thurston Island was named for Noville.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The challenging skies: the colorful story of aviation's most exciting years, 1919-1939 by Cecil R. Roseberry. 1966
  2. ^ US passport issued on 24 May 1920
  3. ^ Famous American flyers By Chelsea Curtis Fraser. 1942. On Google Books
  4. ^ East to the Dawn: The Life of Amelia Earhart By Susan Butler
  5. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=dCcDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA52&dq=byrd+south+pole+noville&hl=en&ei=HMzBToj3JKXa0QGL5vzNBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CEsQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=noville&f=false
  6. ^ Flight: A pictorial history of aviation by the editors of Year; the complete story of man's conquest of the air from his earliest dreams to the present jet age, dramatically portrayed in over 1,000 pictures. Foreword by Donald W. Douglas.Los Angeles, 1953
  7. ^ http://www.south-pole.com/p0000108.htm
  8. ^ "George Otto Noville". Chicago Tribune. "George Otto [Rex] Noville, 72, an associate of the late polar explorer, Adm. Richard E. Byrd; at Chulavista, Mex." 
  9. ^ "Otto J. Noville". New York Times. December 25, 1936. Retrieved 2009-09-27. "Otto J. Noville, retired manufacturer and father of Lieutenant Commander George O. Norville, assistant to Admiral Byrd on several of his expeditions, died yesterday at the Queens General Hospital. He was 66 years old. Born in Cleveland, he was a graduate of Western Reserve University. Until his retirement several years ago, he had been a manufacturer of women's hats. Surviving also are his widow, Mrs. Nellie Noville and two daughters, Lulu and Minnie. ..." 
  10. ^ Noville Peninsula)