George P. McLean
|George Payne McLean|
|United States Senator
March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1929
|Preceded by||Morgan G. Bulkeley|
|Succeeded by||Frederic C. Walcott|
|59th Governor of Connecticut|
January 9, 1901 – January 7, 1903
|Lieutenant||Edwin O. Keeler|
|Preceded by||George E. Lounsbury|
|Succeeded by||Abiram Chamberlain|
October 7, 1857|
|Died||June 6, 1932
|Spouse(s)||Leah Demarest McLean
Isabella (Bishop) McClintock McLean
Born in Simsbury, the son of Dudley B. McLean and Mary (Payne) McLean, McLean attended the common schools and after his 1877 graduation, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1881. He began his practice in Hartford. He married Leah Demarest in 1873 and they had four children. After her death in 1918, he married Mrs. Isabella (Bishop) McClintock.
McLean was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives in 1883 and 1884, He served as clerk of the State Board of Pardons from 1884 to 1901; and a member of the commission to revise the Connecticut statutes, 1885. He was a member of the state senate in 1886. He was a member of the Connecticut State Senate from 1889 to 1891. In 1890, he was elected Connecticut's Secretary of State, but never took office because of the deadlocked Legislature of 1891-1893. As a result, McLean was able to accept President Benjamin Harrison's appointment in 1892 to be United States attorney for his home state from 1892 to 1896. He resumed the practice of law in Hartford
Elected the 59th Governor of Connecticut in 1901 and 1902, McLean served beginning on January 9, 1901. During his tenure, the governor's administrative staff was restructured, as well the state militia; and a tax commission office was founded. McLean did not seek reelection due to ill health, and left the governor's office on January 7, 1903.
While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Forest Reservations and Game Protection (Sixty-second and Sixty-fifth Congresses) and a member of the Committee on Banking and Currency (Sixty-sixth through Sixty-ninth Congresses) and the Committee on Manufactures (Seventieth Congress). He declined to run for reelection in 1928.
Migratory Bird Treaty Act
Probably McLean's most lasting legislative achievement was the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918. Concern had been growing nationally about the mass killing of birds for hat-making uses and for food; with support from gun manufacturers and hunting organizations, McLean and Rep. John W. Weeks of Massachusetts successfully attached the Weeks-McLean Act to an appropriations bill in March 1913. Some of the provisions in the act proved controversial in their expansion of federal powers and were declared unconstitutional by various courts. With the advice of Elihu Root, McLean immediately introduced new legislation giving the president the power to negotiate a treaty to regulate the hunting of migratory birds; this bill was passed in July 1913. The Migratory Bird Treaty with Great Britain (acting for Canada) was signed in 1916, and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act to ratify and implement the treaty was passed in 1918. The resulting federal limitations on hunting were upheld by the Supreme Court in 1920 in the Missouri v. Holland decision.
Death and legacy
His will established the non-profit McLean Fund, which has since operated two enterprises in his home town of Simsbury - a retirement home and a private game refuge or park. The McLean Game Refuge consists of over 4,200 acres (17 km2) of land in Simsbury and Granby and is open to the public; part of it has been designated a National Natural Landmark. The McLean Home has evolved into a multi-faceted elder-care organization offering services ranging from visiting nurses and adult day care to long-term care and hospice.
- "George P. McLean". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "George P. McLean". National Governors Association. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "George P. McLean". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "George P. McLean". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- Exploring the Foundation - Wildfowl Magazine, Chris Madson, 2010
- "George P. McLean". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "George P. McLean". Find A Grave. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George P. McLean.|
- George P. McLean at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- The Political Graveyard
- Govtrack US Congress
- Connecticut State Library
- National Governors Association
- Find A Grave
George E. Lounsbury
|Governor of Connecticut
|United States Senate|
Morgan G. Bulkeley
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Connecticut
Frederic C. Walcott