George Pake

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George Pake
Born April 1, 1924
Kent, Ohio
Died March 4, 2004(2004-03-04) (aged 79)
Tucson, Arizona
Fields Physicist
Institutions Washington University in St. Louis
Xerox PARC
Alma mater Carnegie Institute of Technology
Harvard University
Doctoral advisor Edward Mills Purcell
Doctoral students Richard Hamilton Sands
Notable awards National Medal of Science (1987)

George Pake (April 1, 1924 – March 4, 2004) was a physicist and research executive primarily known for helping found Xerox PARC. Pake earned his bachelors and masters degrees from the Carnegie Institute of Technology and his doctorate in physics at Harvard University in 1948.

A rather serious case of scoliosis kept Pake out of the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II.

Pake was raised in Kent, Ohio; his father was an English instructor at Kent State University. Though he never again lived in Kent after his childhood, George Pake retained deep feeling for the city of Kent, and was pleased to be asked in later years to deliver the commencement address at Kent State.

After four years as a physics professor at Washington University in St. Louis, Pake became the head of the physics department at age 28. He later went on to become provost of the university from 1962 to 1970 before leaving to serve as founding director of Xerox PARC.

PARC assembled a first-rate collection of research talent, especially in the area of computer science. During Dr. Pake's years running Xerox PARC, the research center invented the laser printer and pioneered the use of a computer "desktop" which functioned by clicking on "icons." This has since become the computer industry standard.

If the Xerox Corporation never chose to open a personal computer division, it was through no lack of advocacy by George Pake. Nevertheless, the failure of that advocacy is well known in Silicon Valley circles.

In 1986, Pake was awarded the illustrious IRI Medal from the Industrial Research Institute for recognition of his leadership in the field of technology and innovation. Pake was also a recipient of the National Medal of Science in 1987 and continued to visit PARC long after his 1986 retirement from Xerox.

George Pake died of multiple systems failure on March 4, 2004 in Tucson, Arizona.

Late in life, Pake began writing two different books, both with the collaborator Andrew Szanton. One of Pake's books was a life memoir, the other a book of advice for those running research centers, "think tanks" or other small groups of highly intelligent and independent people, and trying to coax them to work collectively to achieve organizational goals. George Pake's death interrupted both book projects.

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