|Main interests||Epistemology, early Modern philosophy, Berkeley scholarship|
|Awards||International Berkeley Essay Prize (1993), Emeritus Professor|
George Sotiros Pappas (born 1942) is a professor of philosophy at Ohio State University. Pappas specializes in epistemology, the history of early modern philosophy, philosophy of religion, and metaphysics. He is of Greek and English origin.
He was co-editor (with Marshall Swain) of Essays on Knowledge and Justification (1978), regarded as a key anthology of essays relating to the Gettier problem and used as a core text in undergraduate epistemology courses.
Studies in Berkeley's philosophy
George S. Pappas is known to be a leading Berkeley scholar; his essay “Berkeley and Scepticism” was in 1993 awarded the International Berkeley Prize. Professor Pappas is a regular participant of International Berkeley Conferences. At one such conference, celebrating the 300th anniversary of George Berkeley’s birth, Mr. Pappas propounded a new approach to the relationship between Berkeley’s anti-abstractionism and "esse est percipi" principle. On Pappas reading, Berkeley’s two theses — that there are no abstract ideas and that sensible objects must be perceived in order to exist — entail one another.
|“||Pappas’ formulation of the relationship between these two propositions is ingenious and merits his verdict that it is a ‘very exciting result’ … So far as I know, his thesis is original. Some writers, to be sure, have some close to suggesting that the first proposition is a necessary condition for the truth of the second, but I cannot think of a commentator who holds that it is both a necessary and sufficient condition.||”|
— Avrum Stroll, Two lines of argumentation in Berkeley’s Principles: a reply to George Pappas // George Berkeley: Essays and replies / Ed. by Berman D. — Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1985. — P. 140.
Pappas' interpretation of Berkeley's ‘esse is percipi’ thesis has sparked much discussion. In 1989, the Garland Publishing Company brought out a 15-volume collection of major works on Berkeley; Pappas' paper “Abstract ideas and the 'esse is percipi' thesis” was included in the third volume, as it was considered to be a significant contribution to Berkeley scholarship.
Pappas developed his treatment of Berkeley’s “esse est percipi” principle to repudiate the "inherence interpretation of Berkeley", upon which Edwin E. Allaire, among others, elaborated
“That account is put forward to answer an extremely perplexing question in the history of philosophy: Why did Berkeley embrace idealism, i. e., why did he hold that esse est percipi, that to be is to be perceived? (Hausman, Alan. Op. cit. Pp. 421–422.)
After emerging in the early 1960s, the “inherence account” attracted numerous proponents and became an influential element of contemporary Berkeley scholarship. In his paper “Ideas, minds, and Berkeley” Pappas revealed some discrepancies between fountain-head evidences and Allaire’s approach to a reconstruction of Berkeley’s idealism. Pappas' critical examination of the “inherence account” is greatly appreciated by Berkeley scholars. Pappas’ penetrating remarks compelled Edwin B. Allaire to revise and improve his conception. Even those who share Allaire’s account of Berkeley’s idealism acknowledge Pappas’ article to be “an excellent review and critique of the IA [inherence account].”
In 2000 George Pappas published his monograph Berkeley's thought in which some parts were based on earlier papers of his. While writings by A. A. Luce or Geoffrey Warnock are long out dated, the book Berkeley's thought written by Dr Pappas is often included in lists of recommended literature on Berkeley’s philosophy.
- Pappas, George S. Berkeley’s Thought. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8014-3700-8 ISBN 9780801437007
- Departmental profile at OSU
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article
- Gettier Problem bibliography at the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Suggested epistemology reading list
- "Berkeley Studies: Editorial Staff". Hampden–Sydney College. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
- Published in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. — 1999. — Vol. 59, N 1. — P. 133-149.
- See: Berkeley Prize Winners.
The annual International Berkeley Essay Prize competition was established by Colin Murray Turbayne and his wife in 1990.
- International Berkeley Conferences
- To be is to be perceived. A core proposition of Berkeley's ontology.
- Pappas G.S. “Abstract ideas and the 'esse is percipi' thesis” // George Berkeley: Essays and replies / Ed. by D. Berman. — Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1985. ISBN 0-7165-2395-7 (Proceedings of International Berkeley Conference in Dublin, 1985) — Pp. 47–62.
- Stroll, Avrum. “Two lines of argumentation in Berkeley’s Principles: a reply to George S. Pappas” // George Berkeley: Essays and replies / Ed. by D. Berman — Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1985. — Pp. 139–145.
- McKim, Robert. “Abstraction and Immaterialism: Recent Interpretations” // Berkeley Newsletter 15 (1997–1998): 1–13.
- Berkeley on abstraction and abstract ideas / Ed. by W. Doney — N.Y.; L.: Garland, 1989. — XVII, 434 p. — (Philosophy of George Berkeley; 3; A Garland series)
- Pappas, G.S. Berkeley's thought. — Ithaca (N.Y.); L.: Cornell univ. press, 2000. — XII, 261 p. Bibliogr.: p.255-258. Ind.: p.257-261. (See chapter 5 “Esse is percipi principle”.)
- Allaire, Edwin B. (1963). "Berkeley's Idealism" (DjVu). Theoria XXIX (3): 229–44. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
The article is a classical work of Berkeley scholarship.
- For more detail, see:
- Hausman A. “Adhering to inherence: A new look at the old steps in Berkeley's march to idealism” // Canad. j. of philosophy. — Edmonton, 1984. — Vol. 14. — Number 3. — Pp. 421-443. (A wide grasp of literature on the “inherence account”.)
- Robert Muehlmann’s Introduction to Berkeley’s Metaphysics. Structural, Interpretive, and Critical Essays. Ed. by R.G. Muehlmann. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State Press, 1995. (Muehlmann’s Introduction provides further bibliographical information of the various articles in defense and in criticism of this view.)
- Saporiti, Katia. Die Wirklichkeit der Dinge : eine Untersuchung des Begriffs der Idee in der Philosophie George Berkeleys. Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 2006. (chapter IV §2 “Die Inhärenzhypothese”)
- For up-to-date criticism of the “inherence account,” see: Bettcher, Talia Mae (Ph. D., California State University, Los Angeles) (November 2008). "Berkeley's Dualistic Ontology". Análisis Filosófico 28 (2): 147–174.
- Pappas, G.S. “Ideas, minds, and Berkeley” // Amer. philos. quart. - Pittsburgh, 1980. — Vol. 17, Number 3. — p. 181–194.
- Edwin B. Allaire. “Berkeley’s Idealism Revisited.” // Berkeley: critical and interpretive essays / Turbayne C. M., ed. — Manchester: Manchester univ. press, 1982. — Pp. 197–206.
- Hausman A. Op. cit., p. 422 (note 2).
- As examples, take:
- Bettcher, Talia Mae. Berkeley: A Guide for the Perplexed. Guides for the Perplexed. L., N.Y.: Continuum Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 0-8264-8991-5.
- Downing, Lisa (Winter 2008 Edition). "George Berkeley". In Zalta, Edward N. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
- Flage, Daniel E. "George Berkeley (1685-1753)". The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.