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George Popham (1550–1608) was a pioneering colonist from Maine, born in the southwestern regions of England. He was an associate of English Colonizer Sir Ferdinando Gorges in a colonization scheme for a part of Maine.
George was born in Somerset, England to Edward Popham and Joan (Norton) Popham, his father was the elder brother of notable Sir John Popham. George Popham's grandparents lived in St. Donat's Castle and his grandmother, Jane Stradling, was born there.
Very little is known about his early years, where it appears he may have been a humble merchant. Another George Popham traveled to New Guiana with Robert Dudley. Through pedigree rolls by nephew Edward Popham and a last will by George Popham, we know some history of the relationships between the Pophams which confirmed that Sir John was George's uncle and Edward Popham's great-uncle.
Just before the voyage to New England, George was the Customer of Bridgwater Port in Somerset. The Customer was the chief customs officer in the port, who collected the customs dues and recorded all entries and exits.
In 1607, he sailed from Plymouth with two ships and about 120 people and landed in August at the mouth of the Kennebec River. George Popham was the captain of Gift of God which became separated from the ship Mary and John on the journey to New England. The two ships were able to rejoin along the coastline before looking for a place to build a colony. There, he erected the first English settlement in New England, Popham Colony. His first establishments included a storehouse and a historical fortification called Fort Popham.
Popham eventually won the elections as President of the new colony but died the following year. The colonists were disheartened by the harshness of the climate and returned in the springtime to England.
- Commoners (vol II, Popham of Littlecote) with some support/input from Visitation (Somerset, 1623, Popham)
- Rice, Douglas W. (2005). The Life And Achievements Of Sir John Popham, 1531-1607: Leading To The Establishment Of The First English Colony In New England. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 324. ISBN 0-8386-4060-5.
- Banks, M.L. (1904). Blundell's Worthies. London: CHATTO & WINDUS. p. 219.