George Shaw-Lefevre, 1st Baron Eversley

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Eversley
DL PC
First Commissioner of Works
In office
29 November 1881 – 13 February 1885
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by William Patrick Adam
Succeeded by The Earl of Rosebery
In office
18 August 1892 – 10 March 1894
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by Hon. David Plunket
Succeeded by Herbert Gladstone
Postmaster General
In office
7 November 1884 – 9 June 1885
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by Henry Fawcett
Succeeded by Lord John Manners
President of the Local Government Board
In office
1894 – 21 June 1895
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded by Henry Fowler
Succeeded by Henry Chaplin
Personal details
Born 12 June 1831 (1831-06-12)
Battersea
Died 19 April 1928(1928-04-19) (aged 96)
Kings Worthy, Hampshire
Nationality British
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Lady Constance Reynolds-Moreton (d. 1929)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

George John Shaw-Lefevre, 1st Baron Eversley PC, DL (12 June 1831 – 19 April 1928) was a British Liberal Party politician. In a ministerial career that spanned thirty years, he was twice First Commissioner of Works and also served as Postmaster General and President of the Local Government Board.

Background and education[edit]

Eversley was the only son of Sir John Shaw-Lefevre and Rachel Emily, daughter of Ichabod Wright. He was born in Battersea, and was the nephew of Charles Shaw-Lefevre, 1st Viscount Eversley, Speaker of the House of Commons.[1] He was educated at Eton and at Trinity College, Cambridge,[2] and was called to the Bar, Inner Temple, in 1855.[3]

Political career[edit]

Eversley stood unsuccessfully as the Liberal candidate for Winchester in 1859 but was successfully returned for Reading in 1863, a seat he held until 1885.[4] He carried a vote in House of Commons for arbitration of the Alabama Claims in 1868.[citation needed] He entered the government under Lord Russell as Civil Lord of the Admiralty in 1866, a post he held until the government fell the same year, and later served under William Ewart Gladstone as Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade from 1868 to 1871, as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from January to March 1871, as Parliamentary Secretary of the Admiralty from 1871 to 1874 and again in 1880, and as First Commissioner of Works from 1881 to 1885. He entered Gladstone's cabinet in November 1884 when he was appointed Postmaster-General. He relinquished the post of First Commissioner of Works in February 1885 but continued as Postmaster General until the Liberals lost power in June 1885.

Eversley lost his seat in parliament at the 1885 general election and consequently did not serve in Gladstone's brief 1886 administration. He was able to return to the House of Commons in April 1886 when he was elected for Bradford Central in a by-election, which constituency he represented until 1895.[5] He once again became First Commissioner of Works and a member of Gladstone's cabinet in 1892. When Lord Rosebery became Prime Minister in 1894 he was appointed President of the Local Government Board, which he remained until the following year. In 1897 he was elected a member of the London County Council as Progressive for the Haggerston Division.[citation needed] He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1880[6] and in 1906 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Eversley, of Old Ford in the County of London,[7] a revival of the Eversley title held by his uncle. He made his last speech in the House of Lords in 1913.[8]

Other public positions[edit]

Eversley was also a Commissioner to negotiate a Convention on Fisheries with French Government in 1858, a member of Sea Fisheries Commission in 1862, President of the Statistical Society of London between 1878 and 1879 and Chairman of the Royal Commissions on the Loss of Life at Sea in 1885 and on the Agricultural Depression between 1893 and 1896. In 1865 he co-founded the Commons Preservation Society, becoming its first chairman and, in 1905, its president.[9] He was appointed a Bencher of the Inner Temple in 1882.[3]

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1899.[10]

Family[edit]

Lord Eversley married Lady Constance Moreton, daughter of Henry Reynolds-Moreton, 3rd Earl of Ducie, in 1874. They had no children. He died in April 1928, aged 96, when the barony became extinct. Lady Eversley survived him by a year and died in February 1929.[3]

It is interesting that one of his sisters, Maria Louisa Shaw Lefevre, can be identified as the anonymous author of "The Notebooks Of A Spinster Lady, 1878-1903", published by Cassell in 1919. In her notebooks she tells amusing stories of life in the upper classes of society in England at the time, makes candid observations of contemporary people and recounts jokes she heard told. She records that she attended the funeral of her good friend Augustus Hare in 1903. The book's editor, also unnamed, says she died in 1908. Reference to "The Times" lists her in its report on the funeral and the death records confirm she died in 1908.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "George John Shaw-Lefevre, Baron Eversley". Family Search: Community Trees. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Shaw-Lefevre, George John (SHW849GJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl. "thepeerage.com George John Shaw-Lefevre, 1st and last Baron Eversley". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 251. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 79. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24918. p. 6969. 28 December 1880.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27933. p. 4973. 20 July 1906.
  8. ^ hansard.millbanksystems.com Mr George Shaw-Lefevre
  9. ^ Lord Eversley. Commons, Forests and Footpaths. Cassell & Company, 1910, p. v.
  10. ^ "Library and Archive catalog". Royal Society. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 

References[edit]

"The Notebooks Of A Spinster Lady", page 290, regarding her attendance at the funeral, and page 295 where the editor records that she died five years after 1903. The Times, 28 January page 10. "Among those present at the funeral...Miss Shaw Lefevre". First quarter 1908 her death record, East Preston folio 26 page 255.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Gillery Piggott
Sir Francis Goldsmid, Bt
Member of Parliament for Reading
1863 – 1885
With: Sir Francis Goldsmid, Bt to 1878
George Palmer from 1878
Succeeded by
Charles Townshend Murdoch
Preceded by
William Edward Forster
Member of Parliament for Bradford Central
18861895
Succeeded by
James Leslie Wanklyn
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord John Hay
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
1866
Succeeded by
Charles Du Cane
Preceded by
New office
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade
1868–1871
Succeeded by
Arthur Peel
Preceded by
Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1871
Succeeded by
Henry Winterbotham
Preceded by
William Edward Baxter
(First Secretary to the Admiralty)
Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty
1871–1874
Succeeded by
Hon. Algernon Egerton
Preceded by
Hon. Algernon Egerton
Parliamentary Secretary of the Admiralty
1880
Succeeded by
George Trevelyan
Preceded by
William Patrick Adam
First Commissioner of Works
1881–1885
Succeeded by
The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded by
Henry Fawcett
Postmaster-General
1884–1885
Succeeded by
Lord John Manners
Preceded by
Hon. David Plunket
First Commissioner of Works
1892–1894
Succeeded by
Herbert Gladstone
Preceded by
Henry Fowler
President of the Local Government Board
1894–1895
Succeeded by
Henry Chaplin
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Eversley
1906–1928
Extinct