George Street, Edinburgh

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View looking west from the statue of William Pitt.
View looking east along George Street, towards St Andrew Square
Statue of James Clerk Maxwell on George Street
Historic view of the east end of George Street

George Street in Edinburgh is the central street in James Craig's plan of the New Town.[1]

It is located to the north of Princes Street and to the south of Queen Street, runs along the high point of a ridge. It connects St Andrew Square with Charlotte Square and takes its name from King George III.[2] The street was first proposed in 1767, and was initially a residential area;[2] by 2013 it had become, according to the Edinburgh Evening News, "the city’s most prestigious shopping district".[3]

Several prominent statues are located along the street, commemorating Thomas Chalmers (1780–1847), William Pitt the Younger (1759–1806), King George IV (1762–1830) and James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879). Notable buildings on George Street include St Andrew's and St George's West Church, the Assembly Rooms, The Dome and the headquarters of the Church of Scotland.

During construction work for the Edinburgh Trams project in 2011 and 2012, George Street became an important diversionary route as the parallel Princes Street was closed to traffic;[4] a survey in April 2012, during the works, found that footfall on the street was one-third higher than during the same month in 2011, while footfall in Princes Street had declined.[5] In 2013 the street became a focal point for the Edinburgh Festival, with pedestrian areas increased and traffic space reduced.[3][6]

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Coordinates: 55°57′10″N 3°12′01″W / 55.9529°N 3.2004°W / 55.9529; -3.2004