George Swede

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George Swede (Latvian: Juris Švēde), (born as Juris Puriņš, November 20, 1940 in Riga, Latvia) is a Canadian psychologist, poet and children's writer who lives in Toronto, Ontario. He is a major figure in English-language haiku, known for his wry, poignant observations.

Life[edit]

In 1947, Swede arrived with his mother and stepfather from post-WW II Europe to live with his maternal grandparents on a fruit farm in Oyama, British Columbia and, when his stepfather died in 1950, Swede moved with his mother to Vancouver where he finished junior high and high school.[1] Then he studied at the University of British Columbia, where he graduated with a B.A. in Psychology in 1964. After that, he worked briefly as a psychologist at B.C. Penitentiary in New Westminster. In 1965, he got an M.A. at Dalhousie University.[citation needed]

From 1966 to 1967, Swede was a psychology instructor at Vancouver City College, after which he worked as a school psychologist at the Scarborough Board of Education in Toronto until 1968.

He resumed his academic career at Ryerson University, where he stayed as member of the psychology department from 1968 to 2006 (as chair from 1998 to 2003). From 1970 to 1975 he served as Director for Developmental Psychology at Ryerson Open College, a virtual university which broadcast lectures by radio (on CJRT-FM) and TV (CBC and CTV) from 1970 to 1975; and from 1993 to 2000 he was engaged in Ryerson University Now (RUN),[2] an initiative to get bright but disadvantaged students interested in going to university. This was achieved by enrolling Vaughan Road Academy students[3] in a university level introductory psychology course that Swede taught. Most graduated and many received scholarships to attend university.

Swede retired in 2006 and was awarded Honorary Life Membership by the Canadian Psychological Association in 2007. For the 2008-2009 term, he was named the Honorary Curator of the American Haiku Archives[4] at the California State Library in Sacramento, California.

Swede began writing poetry in the late 1960s and published in such journals as

An interest in short form Japanese poetry began in 1976 when he was asked to review Makoto Ueda's Modern Japanese Haiku (University of Toronto Press, 1976).[15]

Swede then began publishing in such journals as

In 1977, along with Betty Drevniok and Eric Amann, Swede co-founded Haiku Canada.[24] At its 30th anniversary held in Ottawa in May 2007, Haiku Canada awarded Swede an Honorary Life Membership.

A blending of his interests in poetry and psychology is illustrated[citation needed] by his refereed article in The International Handbook on Innovation, Poetic Innovation, which explores the psychological, sociological and cultural factors that determine whether someone becomes a professional poet.[25]

Swede's work has been reviewed in numerous literary magazines, such as

In-depth examinations of Swede's work have appeared in the following:

From 2008 to 2012 he was editor of Frogpond, the journal of the Haiku Society of America.[43]

He is a founder member of the Intercultural Renku Group.[44]

Swede is married with two children.

Awards[edit]

  • Co-winner, High/Coo Press Mini-Chapbook Competition, 1982 for "All of Her Shadows"[45]
  • Museum of Haiku Literature Award, "Frogpond", 5:4, 1983[46]
  • Museum of Haiku Literature Award, "Frogpond", 8:2, 1985[46]
  • "Our Choice", Canadian Children's Book Centre, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1992[citation needed]
  • Museum of Haiku Literature Award, "Frogpond", 15:2, 1992[46]
  • First Prize, "Mainichi Daily News" Haiku Contest in English, 1994[citation needed]
  • Second Prize, "Mainichi Daily News" 125th Anniversary Haiku Contest, 1997[citation needed]
  • Third Prize, Harold G. Henderson Haiku Contest, Haiku Society of America, 1997[47]
  • First Prize, The Snapshot Press Tanka Collection Competition 2005 for "First Light, First Shadows"[citation needed]
  • Associate, The Haiku Foundation, 2008
  • Honorary Curator, American Haiku Archives, 2008/09
  • Second Prize, "Mainichi Daily News" Haiku Contest in English, 2008[citation needed]
  • Scorpion Prize, "Roadrunner" 2010, 10:1 Judged by Marjorie Perloff [48]
  • Second Prize (Tokusen), Foreign Language Category, Kusamakura International Haiku Competition, 2010[49]
  • Honorable Mention, Touchstone Book Awards 2010 for "Joy In Me Still"[50]
  • Grand Prize (Taisho), Foreign Language Category, Kusamakura International Haiku Competition, 2011[51]
  • First Honorable Mention, Kanterman Book Awards 2011 for "Joy In Me Still"[52]
  • Scorpion Prize, "Roadrunner" 2012, 12:2 Judged by Mark Wallace [53]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], Swede, G. Tracks in the Sand: Why Do We Write? pp. 56-61
  2. ^ Outreach initiatives build bridges and make university education accessible at the Wayback Machine (archived June 7, 2011)
  3. ^ Good News At Vaughan Road Academy
  4. ^ Honorary Curator George Swede
  5. ^ [2], 1978, No.33
  6. ^ 1974, No. 644; 1976, No. 665
  7. ^ 1976, 4:3
  8. ^ [3], 1984, 4:2
  9. ^ [4], 1999, 10:6
  10. ^ 1984, 9:1
  11. ^ 1970, Vol. 19:2; 1971, Vol. 20:2; 1974, Vol.23:3; 1985, 34:1
  12. ^ [5], 1986, Vol. 4:2&3, 5:1; 1988, Vol. 6:2; 1998, 10:1; 1999, Vol. 10:2
  13. ^ 1971, No. 58
  14. ^ [6], June, 1981
  15. ^ Swede, G. Tracks in the Sand: Why Do We Write? In Carol Malyon (ed.). Imagination in Action. Toronto: Mercury Press, 2007, p.59
  16. ^ [7], 2004, No. 12 to present
  17. ^ [8], 1996, No. 1 to present
  18. ^ 1977, 1:1 to 1981, 5:1
  19. ^ [9], 1982, 5:1 to the present
  20. ^ 1982, 1:1 to 1991, 5:1
  21. ^ [10], March 1, 1982 to present
  22. ^ [11], 1977, 8:3 to the present
  23. ^ [12], 2003, No. 3 to 2008, No. 1
  24. ^ About Haiku Canada
  25. ^ The International Handbook on Innovation, pp.471-484
  26. ^ [13], 1985, No. 104; 1986, No. 111; 2001, No. 168; 2004, No. 183
  27. ^ [14], January, 1979 (by Pier Giorgio Di Cicco); 1984, 13:10, 1989, 18:3
  28. ^ [15], 1986, No. 41; 1990, No. 59 (by Bert Almon); 1992, No. 67; 2003, Nos. 109-110
  29. ^ 1975, 1:2
  30. ^ 1981, No. 69
  31. ^ 1982, 12:1
  32. ^ [16], Part 1, January 5, 1984 (two hours); Part 2, January 12, 1984 (two hours)
  33. ^ December, 1985
  34. ^ 1992, 67:3
  35. ^ [17], September 21, 1992 (45 minutes)
  36. ^ 1999, 9:2
  37. ^ [18], (with Stephen Gill) August 25, 2000
  38. ^ [19], Spring, 2001
  39. ^ [20], March, 2001
  40. ^ [21], 2003, 1:3
  41. ^ [22], 2004, 2:1
  42. ^ [23], 2006, 4:4
  43. ^ About HSA & Frogpond
  44. ^ Intercultural Renku Group - Core Members
  45. ^ Brooks Books Mini-chapbooks
  46. ^ a b c Frogpond Museum of Haiku Literature Award
  47. ^ HSA Harold G. Henderson Memorial Award Collection
  48. ^ [24]
  49. ^ 第15回外国語部門入賞作品|受賞バックナンバー|「草枕」国際俳句大会(第15回)
  50. ^ [25]
  51. ^ Previous winning haiku. International "Kusamakura" haiku competition website
  52. ^ [26]
  53. ^ [27]