George T. Anderson

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George Thomas Anderson
GTAnderson.jpg
Nickname(s) "Tige"
Born (1824-02-03)February 3, 1824
Covington, Georgia
Died April 4, 1901(1901-04-04) (aged 77)
Anniston, Alabama
Place of burial Edgemont Cemetery Anniston, Alabama
Allegiance United States United States of America
Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
 Confederate States Army
Years of service 1846–1848; 1855–1858 (USA)
1861–1865 (CSA)
Rank Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg Captain (USA)
Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier General (CSA)
Commands held 11th Georgia Infantry
Battles/wars

American Civil War

George Thomas Anderson (February 3, 1824 – April 4, 1901) was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Nicknamed "Tige," Anderson was noted as one of Robert E. Lee's hardest-fighting subordinates.

Early life and career[edit]

Anderson was born in Covington, Georgia, and attended Emory University before departing to serve as a lieutenant of Georgia cavalry during the Mexican-American War. From 1848 until 1850, he was a major general of the 11th Division of the Georgia Militia.[1] He received a commission as a Captain in the U.S. regular cavalry in 1855, only to resign in 1858.

Civil War service[edit]

When the Civil War broke out, Anderson joined the Confederate Army in defense of his home state. He became colonel of the 11th Georgia Infantry regiment but arrived too late to participate in the First Battle of Bull Run. He saw battle during the Peninsula Campaign at Yorktown and commanded a brigade during the Seven Days Battles, Second Bull Run, Turner's Gap, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Anderson missed Chancellorsville being with the majority of Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's First Corps operating in southeastern Virginia.

Longstreet's men rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia in time for the Gettysburg Campaign. Anderson fought around Devil's Den and the Wheatfield at Gettysburg, where he was wounded. He recuperated in the Charleston area while Longstreet's Corps went to Georgia. Anderson did not rejoin his men until the Siege of Knoxville. He saw heavy action in 1864 at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and the operations around Richmond and Petersburg. He surrendered with Lee at Appomattox Court House in April 1865.

Postbellum life[edit]

After the war, Anderson became a railroad freight agent and police chief in Atlanta, Georgia. He later moved to Anniston, Alabama, becoming police chief there and county tax collector. He died in Anniston and is buried there in Edgemont Cemetery.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, p. 257

References[edit]

  • Smith, Gordon Burns, History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861, Volume One, Campaigns and Generals, Boyd Publishing, 2000.
  • Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 0-8071-0823-5.

External links[edit]