George T. Sakato
|George T. Sakato|
Private George Sakato, US Army
February 19, 1921 |
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1944–1945|
|Unit||Company E, 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Medal of Honor
Presidential Unit Citation Emblem
Good Conduct Medal
American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal
Combat Infantryman Badge
Sakato was born in Colton, California. He was a Nisei, which means that he was a second generation born American citizen of Japanese descent. He graduated from Redlands High School in Redlands, California.
World War II
He volunteered to be part of the all-Nisei 442nd Regimental Combat Team and was assigned to 3rd platoon, Company E, 2nd Battalion. The US Army unit was mostly made up of Americans of Japanese descent from Hawaii and the mainland.
Sakato was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) for extraordinary heroism on October 29, 1944 in France.
Post World War II
In the 1990s, there was a review of US military service records of Americans of Asian descent who received the DSC during World War II. Sakato's award was upgraded to the Medal of Honor. President Bill Clinton presented Sakato the Medal of Honor during a ceremony at the White House on June 21, 2000. Twenty-one other American servicemen of World War II of Asian descent also were presented the Medal of Honor during the ceremony, but only seven were living recipients.
Medal of Honor citation
Sakato's Medal of Honor recognized his heroic conduct in frontline fighting in northern France in 1944. He charged an enemy stronghold. Then he took command of his platoon and led it in defense of the position.
Private George T. Sakato distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on 29 October 1944, on hill 617 in the vicinity of Biffontaine, France. After his platoon had virtually destroyed two enemy defense lines, during which he personally killed five enemy soldiers and captured four, his unit was pinned down by heavy enemy fire. Disregarding the enemy fire, Private Sakato made a one-man rush that encouraged his platoon to charge and destroy the enemy strongpoint. While his platoon was reorganizing, he proved to be the inspiration of his squad in halting a counter-attack on the left flank during which his squad leader was killed. Taking charge of the squad, he continued his relentless tactics, using an enemy rifle and P-38 pistol to stop an organized enemy attack. During this entire action, he killed 12 and wounded two, personally captured four and assisted his platoon in taking 34 prisoners. By continuously ignoring enemy fire, and by his gallant courage and fighting spirit, he turned impending defeat into victory and helped his platoon complete its mission. Private Sakato's extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II
- List of Asian American Medal of Honor recipients
- List of living Medal of Honor recipients
- US Army Center of Military History (CMH), "Medal of Honor Recipients, World War II (M-S)"; retrieved 2012-12-28.
- "George Sakato," American Valor (PBS/WETA), 2003; retrieved 2012-12-28.
- Dunford, Bruce. "Nisei War Heroes Receive Long-Delayed Recognition," Los Angelese Times. June 18, 2000; retrieved 2012-12-28.
- Juedes, Joy. "Redlands resident to receive Congressional Gold Medal," The San Bernardino Sun (San Bernardino, California). November 11, 2010; retrieved 2012-12-28.
- National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), WWII Army Enlistment Record #39923340 (Sakato, George T.); retrieved 2012-12-28.
- Go for Broke National Education Center, "Medal of Honor Private George T. Sakato"; retrieved 2012-12-28.
- "100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry" at Global Security.org; retrieved 2012-12-27.
- "21 Asian American World War II Vets to Get Medal of Honor" at University of Hawaii Digital History; retrieved 2012-12-28.
- CMH, "Asian Pacific American Medal of Honor recipients"; retrieved 2012-12-28.
- Gomez-Granger, Julissa. (2008). Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2008, "Sakato, George T.," p. 19 [PDF 23 of 44]; retrieved 2012-11-26.
Media related to George Sakato at Wikimedia Commons