24 May 1914
|Died||23 July 2007
|Spouse(s)||Ursula Höpfner (1986-2007; his death)
Ursula Grützmacher-Tabori (1976-1984; divorced)
Viveca Lindfors (1954-1972; divorced)
Hannah Freund (1942-1954; divorced)
Life and career
Tabori was born in Budapest as György Tábori, a son of Kornél and Elsa Tábori. His father died in Auschwitz in 1944, but his mother and his brother Paul managed to escape the Nazis. He adopted the three children of Viveca Lindfors, John, Lena and Kristoffer. As a young man, Tabori went to Berlin but was forced to leave Hitler's Germany in 1935 due to his Jewish background. He first went to London, where he worked for the BBC and received British citizenship. In 1947 he immigrated to the United States, where he became a translator (mainly of works by Bertolt Brecht and Max Frisch) and a screenwriter including Alfred Hitchcock's movie I Confess (1953).
His first novel, Beneath The Stone, was published in America in 1945. In the late 1960s, Tabori brought his own and the work of Brecht to many colleges and universities. At the University of Pennsylvania he taught classes in dramatic writing which resulted in Werner Liepolt's The Young Master Dante and Ron Cowen's Summertree. Two of Tabori's plays in English -- The Cannibals and Pinkville—were produced by Wynn Handman at the American Place Theatre in New York City from 1968 through 1970. In 1970 his play 'The Prince' was filmed by John Boorman as Leo the Last (1970) with Marcello Mastroianni and Billie Whitelaw; the film won the Director's Prize at the Cannes Film Festival in that year.
In 1971, Tabori moved to Germany, where his new emphasis was theater work, and mainly worked in Berlin, Munich, and Vienna. He was stepfather to actor Kristoffer Tabori, publisher Lena Tabori and John Tabori during his marriage to Lindfors.
He died in Berlin, aged 93.
Awards and honors
- Ursula Höpfner (1985–2007; his death)
- Ursula Grützmacher-Tabori (1976–1984; divorced)
- Viveca Lindfors (1954–1972; divorced)
- Hannah Freund (1942–1954; divorced)
- Embodied memory : the theatre of George Tabori, 1999, ISBN 0-87745-686-0
- DramaContemporary : Germany : plays by Botho Strauss, George Tabori, Georg Seidel, Klaus Pohl, Tankred Dorst, Elfriede Jelinek, Heiner Müller, 1996, ISBN 0-8018-5280-3
- Martin Kagel, "Ritual Remembrance: George Tabori's The Cannibals in Transnational Perspective," in Martinson, Steven D. / Schulz, Renate A. (eds./Hrsg.), Transcultural German Studies / Deutsch als Fremdsprache: Building Bridges / Brücken bauen (Bern etc., Peter Lang, 2008) (Jahrbuch für Internationale Germanistik, Reihe A: Kongressberichte, 94).
- Obituary in The Times, 2 October 2007
- A list of plays in English (English)
- A complete bibliography (German)
- George Tabori at the Internet Movie Database
- George Tabori at PlaybillVault
- George Tabori at the University of Wisconsin's Actors Studio audio collection