George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury

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George Talbot
4th Earl of Shrewsbury
4th Earl of Waterford
10th Baron Talbot
9th Baron Furnivall
Anne Hastings Portrait.jpg
Effigy of George Talbot on the Talbot monument in Shrewsbury Chapel, Sheffield Cathedral. His wife Anne is on his right side and Elizabeth on his left.
Spouse(s) Lady Anne Hastings
Elizabeth Walden

Issue

Francis Talbot, 5th Earl of Shrewsbury
Lady Mary Talbot
Lady Margaret Talbot
Lady Elizabeth Talbot
Lady Dorothy Talbot
Hon. Richard Talbot
Hon. Henry Talbot
Hon. John Talbot
Hon. John Talbot
Hon. William Talbot
Lady Anne Talbot
Lady Anne Talbot
Noble family Talbot
Stafford
Father John Talbot, 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury
Mother Lady Catherine Stafford
Born c.1468
Shifnal, Shropshire, England
Died 26 July 1538 (aged 70)
Wingfield Manor, Derbyshire, England
Buried Sheffield Cathedral, South Yorkshire, England

George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, 4th Earl of Waterford, KG, KB, PC (c. 1468 – 26 July 1538) was the son of John Talbot, 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury, and Lady Catherine Stafford, daughter of the 1st Duke of Buckingham.[1]

Early life[edit]

The Earl was born at Shifnal, Shropshire, in 1468.[2] He succeeded to his father's peerage in 1473, when aged five years, and was knighted in the Order of the Bath in 1475.[2]

Career[edit]

Under King Henry VII, the Earl was a distinguished and honoured warrior. The Earl fought with distinction against Lambert Simnel at the Battle of Stoke. The Earl was created a Knight of the Garter after the battle. In 1489 he joined the English expedition to Flanders to aid the Emperor against the French.[3] The same year, upon the birth of Henry's second child, a daughter named Margaret Tudor, Talbot became the first Tudor princess's godfather.[1]

On the accession of King Henry VIII, the Earl continued to serve the King as he did his father and again distinguished himself amongst his peers as a great warrior. During Henry's reign the Earl became a powerful man, already being hereditary Lord High Steward of Ireland from 1473 to 1538; he was then appointed Lord Steward of the King's Household from 1509 to 1538, a Privy Counsellor in 1512[4] and Lieutenant-General of the North in 1522.[4] He was Lieutenant-General of the English army sent to invade France in 1512, was later present at the Field of the Cloth of Gold,[4] was placed in command of the army sent to control the border of Scotland, and was given many other high political positions at court.

When the divorce question came on King Henry's 'Great Matter', Shrewsbury supported it, gave evidence at Queen Katherine of Aragon's trial, and signed the letter to the pope urging him to grant the divorce. He also signed the articles against Cardinal Thomas Wolsey in 1529. On 4 Nov 1530, Wolsey was arrested for treason and brought south from York for his trial, arriving four days later at the Manor Lodge of the Earl where he stayed for eighteen days. He was treated kindly by the Earl and his family, who tried to make his stay as comfortable as possible. However, Wolsey became very ill before leaving Sheffield while under guard.[1]

When the rebellion in the north broke out in October 1536, Shrewsbury promptly raised forces on his own authority, and 'his courage and fidelity on this occasion perhaps saved Henry's crown.'[5] The Earl, John Russell, Sir William Parr (uncle of Queen consort Catherine Parr), William Gonson, Sir Francis Bryan and Admiral Sir William FitzWilliam, who were royalists, mustered the 1,000 troops from Gloucester who lived at Stony Stratford who were present against the rebels of the Pilgrimage of Grace at Ampthill, Bedfordshire. It was Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and the 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, that opened negotiations with the insurgents at Doncaster, where Robert Aske had assembled between thirty and forty thousand men. An armistice was then agreed upon, and the insurgents laid their demands before the King.[1]

Family[edit]

Ruins of Sheffield Manor, c.1819
Arms of Sir George Talbot,
4th Earl of Shrewsbury, KG
The Shrewsbury Chapel in Sheffield Cathedral
(commissioned by George Talbot)

Having a large family and being a very wealthy man, he found the castle accommodation extremely cramped. He broke with the tradition of his family and decided to make Sheffield his home, living in the castle built by Lord Furnivall. This castle is best known for later holding Mary, Queen of Scots, prisoner and indeed it was the 6th Earl, the Earl's grandson, who confined her. In 1516, he decided to build himself a country mansion on a hill about two miles away. In 1520, he had a chapel added to the parish church at Sheffield to serve as a family chapel with a burial vault below. This is now known as the Shrewsbury Chapel and now forms a historic part of Sheffield Cathedral.[1]

In 1538, the Earl died, aged 70, while at Wingfield Manor. He was laid to rest in the Shrewsbury Chapel along with his first wife, Lady Anne. In his will, the Earl directed 'that a tomb of marble should be set over his grave with three images thereon, namely one of himself in his mantle of the Garter, another of his deceased wife in her robes, and a third of his wife then living'. The monument to Talbot and his two wives can still be seen in the church (now Sheffield Cathedral).[1]

Marriage and issue[edit]

He married before 27 June 1481 at age 13, his second cousin, Lady Anne Hastings, daughter of William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, and Katherine Neville. Lady Anne was at court as one of Katherine of Aragon’s ladies-in-waiting at the beginning of Henry VIII’s reign. Lady Anne was a maternal half-sister of Cecily Bonville, Marchioness of Dorset.

George Talbot and Lady Anne Hastings had 11 children:[6]

After Anne died, he married secondly Elizabeth Walden (1491-July 1567), the daughter of Sir Richard Walden. They had two children:[7]

Film, fiction, television[edit]

The Earl of Shrewsbury is depicted by Gavin O'Connor in the Showtime series The Tudors. In the series, the Earl of Shrewsbury is depicted as a much younger man (approximately 30). At the time of the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536, which is when he is featured in The Tudors, historically, he was 70 yrs old. The date also confirms that he had to have been the 4th Earl of Shrewsbury; as titles are passed on only after a noble dies. The Tudors has been known to disregard the real ages of historical figures when casting roles.[8]

He is a minor character in H.F.M. Prescott's novel The Man on a Donkey.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

Garter stall plate of the 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, 1488
  1. ^ a b c d e f  Pollard, Albert Frederick (1898). "Talbot, George (1468-1538)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 313–314. 
  2. ^ a b The Complete Peerage, Volume XI. St Catherine's Press. 1949. p. 706. 
  3. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume XI. p. 707. 
  4. ^ a b c The Complete Peerage, Volume XI. p. 708. 
  5. ^ James A. Froude, History of England: from the fall of Wolsey to the death of Elizabeth. Volume iii. pg 109.
  6. ^ Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2004.
  7. ^ Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2927.
  8. ^ The Tudors. Showtime. Season 3, Episode The Northern Uprising (2009). TV episode.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Shrewsbury
Lord High Steward of Ireland
1473–1538
Succeeded by
The Earl of Shrewsbury
Preceded by
The Lord Willoughby de Broke
Lord Steward
1502–1538
Succeeded by
The Duke of Suffolk
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Talbot
Earl of Shrewsbury
1473-1538
Succeeded by
Francis Talbot
Baron Talbot
(descended by acceleration)

1473–1538
Baron Strange of Blackmere
1473–1538
Baron Furnivall
1473-1538
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
John Talbot
Earl of Waterford
1473–1538
Succeeded by
Francis Talbot