George Tosh

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George Tosh
Born 1813
Died 1900
Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire, England, UK
Nationality Scottish
Engineering career
Engineering discipline Mechanical engineering

George Tosh (1813 – 1900) was a Scottish engineer and metallurgist who pioneered the use of steel in certain aspects of steam locomotive design. He was the second Locomotive Superintendent of the Maryport and Carlisle Railway (M&CR), between 1854 and 1870.[1]

Career[edit]

His earlier career is not known, but he was apparently resident in Newcastle by 1839, in Parton, Cumberland, during 1843-1848, and in Maryport by 1852. He was appointed Locomotive Superintendent of the M&CR about 1854, replacing a Mr Scott. His successor was Hugh Smellie, formerly works manager for the Glasgow and South Western Railway at Kilmarnock. On leaving the Maryport & Carlisle Railway in 1870, his evident interest in metallurgy led Tosh to become an ironmaster in Lincolnshire, as manager of the North Lincolnshire Iron Works.[2]

Innovations[edit]

During his tenure at the Maryport & Carlisle Railway, Tosh was the first to use steel for construction of a locomotive boiler (in 1862), where previously wrought iron had been the material of choice. The boiler/firebox was constructed by an outside contractor. It was not the first such design in the world – that accolade belonging to a Canadian locomotive, two years earlier – but it was certainly a first in Britain, and pre-empted the London & North Western Railway's developments of the technology.

Tosh was also amongst the first railway engineers in the country to introduce coal-burning (rather than coke) fireboxes and fitted the first steel-tyred wheels to British locomotives. Most of his engines had domeless boilers. Nineteen locomotives of various wheel arrangements were provided during his superintentency.

Family[edit]

He was married and had at least seven children; at least one of whom, Edmund George, followed his father's footsteps into the iron business.[3]

Death[edit]

George Tosh died in 1900, in Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire. His wife, Isabella, had died in 1868.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brief Biographies of Mechanical Engineers". Steamindex.com. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Death of Mr. E. G. TOSH". Cultrans.com. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  3. ^ cultrans.com

Further reading[edit]

  • British Locomotive Catalogue 1825-1923 V.4 [B.Baxter]
  • The Maryport & Carlisle Railway [J.Simmons]
  • The British Steam Railway Locomotive from 1825-1925 [E.L.Ahrons]
  • British Steam Locomotive Builders [J.W.Lowe] [1]
  • UK Census returns 1851-1861

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Mr Scott
Locomotive Superintendent of the Maryport and Carlisle Railway
1854-1870
Succeeded by
Hugh Smellie