George Vernon Hudson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people named George Hudson, see George Hudson (disambiguation).
Fuzzy head-and-shoulders photo of a 40-year-old man in a cloth cap and mustache
Hudson in 1907, as a member of the Auckland Islands Party of the Sub Antarctic Expedition.
Head-and-shoulders portrait of a sixtyish man in a wingtip collar and tie and a three-piece suit. He is nearly bald and wears a mustache. He looks directly at the viewer with the vestiges of a smile.
In later life

George Vernon Hudson (20 April 1867 – 5 April 1946) was an English-born New Zealand entomologist and astronomer.

Born in London, Hudson was the sixth child of Charles Hudson, an artist and stained-glass window designer. By the age of 14 he had built up a collection of British insects, and had published a paper in The Entomologist. In 1881 Hudson moved with his father to Nelson, New Zealand. He worked on a farm, and in 1883, aged 16, he began working at the post office in Wellington, where he eventually became chief clerk, retiring in 1918.[1]

Hudson was a member of the 1907 Sub-Antarctic Islands Scientific Expedition. The main aim of the expedition was to extend the magnetic survey of New Zealand by investigating Auckland and Campbell islands but botanical, biological and zoological surveys were also conducted. The voyage also resulted in rescue of the castaways of the shipwreck the Dundonald in the Auckland Islands.

Hudson is credited with proposing modern-day daylight saving time. His shift-work job gave him leisure time to collect insects, and led him to value after-hours daylight.[2] In 1895, he presented a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a two-hour daylight-saving shift,[3] and after considerable interest was expressed in Christchurch, New Zealand he followed up in an 1898 paper.[4]

Hudson's collection of insects, the largest in New Zealand, is housed in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.

George Hudson was survived by his daughter. His wife, Florence, died in 1935.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J.T. Salmon. George Vernon Hudson, F.R.S.N.Z. (1867–1946). Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 1946;76(2):264–6.
  2. ^ Gibbs, George. "Hudson, George Vernon 1867–1946". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  3. ^ G. V. Hudson. On seasonal time-adjustment in countries south of lat. 30°. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. 1895;28:734.
  4. ^ G. V. Hudson. On seasonal time. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. 1898;31:577–588.
  5. ^ Gibbs, George. "Hudson, George Vernon 1867–1946". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 

External links[edit]