George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2014)|
|Lord St Andrews|
26 June 1962 |
London, United Kingdom
|Other names||George Philip Nicholas Windsor|
|Children||Edward, Lord Downpatrick
Lady Marina-Charlotte Windsor
Lady Amelia Windsor
|Parents||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Katharine, Duchess of Kent
George Philip Nicholas Windsor, Earl of St Andrews (born 26 June 1962), is the elder son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and his wife, Katharine, Duchess of Kent. He is styled Earl of St Andrews, one of his father's subsidiary titles, which he holds by courtesy as heir apparent to the Dukedom of Kent.
Education and career
A former diplomat, he is a Trustee of the SOS Children's Villages UK charity and a Patron of the Association for International Cancer Research. In April 2012, he also became a Trustee of the Next Century Foundation, a charity working throughout the Middle East.
St Andrews is a Trustee of the Global eHealth Foundation.
Marriage and children
The couple have three children:
- Edward, Lord Downpatrick (born 2 December 1988);
- Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor (born 30 September 1992);
- Lady Amelia Windsor (born 24 August 1995).
St Andrews's wife is a Roman Catholic, and since, in accordance with the Act of Settlement 1701, no person who is Roman Catholic or married to a Roman Catholic may succeed to the throne of any country whose constitution subscribes to that Act, St Andrews is currently excluded from the line of succession the thrones of sixteen States, in which he would otherwise be thirty-fourth. The Succession to the Crown Act 2013, amending the Act of Settlement by allowing marriage of royal heirs to Catholics will restore St Andrews's place in the succession once it comes into effect, although his two older children, as Catholics, will still be barred.
However, the Dukedom of Kent is not subject to the Act of Settlement, so St Andrews as heir apparent can succeed to his father's peerage titles. His son and heir, Lord Downpatrick, is in line to become the first Roman Catholic Duke or Earl of Kent since the Reformation.
St Andrews's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.
His patrilineal descent (the principle behind membership in Germanic royal houses) can be traced back through the generations — meaning that were St Andrews to choose a historically accurate house name according to this principle it would be Wettin, to which all his male-line ancestors belonged.
This ancestral line diverges from the British royal line at Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, and from then on follows his paternal ancestors.
House of Wettin
- Burkhard I, Duke of Thuringia, d. 870
- Burchard, Duke of Thuringia, 836–908
- (possibly) Burkhard III of Grabfeldgau, 866–913
- Dedi I, Count in the Hessegau, 896–957
- (probably) Dietrich I, Count of Wettin, d. 976
- (possibly) Dedi II, Count in the Hessegau, 946–1009
- Dietrich II of Wettin, 991–1034
- Thimo I, Count of Wettin, d. 1099
- Thimo II the Brave, Count of Wettin, d. 1118
- Conrad, Margrave of Meissen, 1098–1157
- Otto II, Margrave of Meissen, 1125–1190
- Dietrich I, Margrave of Meissen, 1162–1221
- Henry III, Margrave of Meissen, c. 1215–1288
- Albert II, Margrave of Meissen, 1240–1314
- Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen, 1257–1323
- Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen, 1310–1349
- Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia, 1332–1381
- Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1370–1428
- Frederick II, Elector of Saxony, 1412–1464
- Ernest, Elector of Saxony, 1441–1486
- John, Elector of Saxony, 1468–1532
- John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1503–1554
- Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1530–1573
- John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1570–1605
- Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha, 1601–1675
- John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1658–1729
- Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1697–1764
- Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1724–1800
- Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1750–1806
- Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1784–1844
- Albert, Prince Consort, 1819–1861
- Edward VII of the United Kingdom, 1841–1910
- George V of the United Kingdom, 1865–1936
- The Prince George, Duke of Kent, 1902–1942
- Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, b. 1935
- George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews, b. 1962
- thePeerage.com "Andrew zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Prince of Greece and Denmark". thepeerage.com. 24 February 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- "The Duke of Kent". The Royal Household. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- Kiri Sutherland (4 October 2010). "Where have you been hiding girls? After years in the shadows, two more Windsor beauties step into the spotlight". Daily Mail. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
|Lines of succession|
||Line of succession to the Dukedom of Kent
The Lord Downpatrick
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster
Earl of St Andrews
Prince George of Cambridge