|French literary history|
His family moved from Tours in Indre-et-Loire to Paris shortly after his birth. During the time of the Paris Commune, at age 13, he was sent to study at Collège de Meaux and after graduation in 1876, he went on to serve in the French military before taking a job as a civil servant. Interested in poetry and authorship, he became involved writing poetry reviews and was part of a small newspaper. By the 1890s, he had begun writing plays under the name Courteline for the theaters of Montmartre where he lived.
Gifted with a quick wit, he became a leading dramatist, producing many plays as well as a number of novels. The overall tone of his works was satirical in nature, often making fun of everything from the wealthy elitists of Paris to the bloated government bureaucracies. In 1899, Courteline was awarded the Legion of Honor and in 1926 was elected to the Académie Goncourt.
In 1929, Georges Courteline died on his 71st birthday in Paris and was interred there in the Père Lachaise Cemetery. Rue de Lariche, the street in the city of Tours where he was born, was renamed in his honour.
That same year, Ernest Flammarion published a collected edition of Courteline's Theatre in three volumes:
Volume 1 - Boubouroche - Un Client Sḗrieux - Monsieur Badin - La Cruche - La Paix Chez Soi.
Volume 2 - Les Boulingrin - La Peur des Coups -Le Commissaire est bon Enfant - Le Gendarme est Sans Pitiḗ - La Conversion d’Alceste - Lidoire - La Cinquataine - La Droit aux Ḗtrennes - Hortense Couche-toi.
Volume 3 - Gros Chagrins - Thḗodore Cherche des Allumettes - Les Gaitḗs de l’Escadron - L’Article 330 - Les Balances.
- Les Gaietés de l'escadron (1886), ISBN 2-7434-2023-5 Descriptiption of the book from the National Library of the Netherlands
- Boubouroche (1893), ISBN 2-08-070065-0 (in Théâtre)
- Messieurs les ronds-de-cuir (1893), ISBN 2-08-070106-1. Descriptiption of the book from the National Library of the Netherlands (KB)
- Les Boulingrin (1898), ISBN 2-08-070065-0 (in Théâtre)
- Le Commissaire est bon enfant (1900), ISBN 2-08-070065-0 (in Théâtre)
- Les Linottes. illustrated by Charles Émile Egli (Carlègle). 1912.
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