Georges Monnet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Not to be confused with the French wartime foreign minister Georges Bonnet

Georges Monnet
Georges monnet.jpg
Monnet in the early 1930s
Minister of Agriculture
In office
1936–1938
Preceded by Paul Thellier
Succeeded by Henri Queuille
Minister of Blockade
In office
1939–1940
Personal details
Born 12 August 1898
Aurillac, France
Died December 9, 1980(1980-12-09) (aged 82)
Val-de-Marne, France
Political party Socialist
Military service
Allegiance Flag of France.svg France
Service/branch French Army
Years of service 1917–1918

Georges Monnet (12 August 1898, Aurillac, Cantal – 9 December 1980) was a prominent socialist politician in 1930s France and a member of Paul Reynaud's war cabinet as Minister of Blockade. Preceding that, he was Minister of Agriculture in Léon Blum's government. He was decorated for his service in the First World War, receiving the Croix de guerre.

Inter war[edit]

After fighting in the First World War, Monnet became head of a large farm in Picardy before moving on to politics and joining the Socialist Party in 1928. Monnet was elected as a member of the French Chamber of Deputies in 1932 and again in 1936.

In 1933, he joined the administrative board and became the permanent expert of the SFIO for agricultural issues. He modernized the socialist doctrine by focusing it towards the goal of practical and immediate reforms to help small and medium-scale farms.

As Minister of Agriculture in the first Léon Blum government, he used his land policy to defend small farmers through the control of agricultural prices.[1]

Second World War[edit]

He opposed the Munich Agreement in 1938 and ran a newspaper about Action for peace and socialism, which proposed a firm line against Hitler, although it was largely ignored by other prominent pro-appeasement socialists, such as Georges Bonnet. In Paul Reynaud's cabinet, he became Minister of Blockade. Monnet indicated his disapproval of the French armistice after the fall of France in 1940. On 10 July 1940, he voted against Marshal Philippe Pétain's gaining full powers in Vichy France. During the Occupation, he refused to compromise with Vichy but also to actively engage in the Resistance.[2]

Three French cabinent ministers, Édouard Daladier, Georges Monnet and Paul Reynaud c.1940

Post war[edit]

After the war, Monnet went to Africa to continue to play a political role. He became Counselor of the French Union from 1947 to 1958. He was Minister of Agriculture under Félix Houphouët-Boigny from 1959 to 1961 and personal adviser to the President (Félix Houphouët-Boigny) of Ivory Coast shortly after its independence from France, serving from 1961 to 1964.[3] A few years later, he returned to France and became president of the National Agricultural Exhibition and Competition (CENECA).

Decorations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Affairs, Volume 16 ,1937, page 337
  2. ^ The Resistance versus Vichy: the purge of collaborators in liberated France, 1968
  3. ^ The Caribbean, Volume 13, Issue 1 - Volume 14, Issue 4