Georgetown, Kentucky

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For the other community formerly known as Georgetown, Kentucky, see Fairview, Christian County, Kentucky.
Georgetown, Kentucky
City
Skyline of Georgetown, Kentucky
Official logo of Georgetown, Kentucky
Logo
Nickname(s): G-Town
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Coordinates: 38°12′35″N 84°33′36″W / 38.20972°N 84.56000°W / 38.20972; -84.56000Coordinates: 38°12′35″N 84°33′36″W / 38.20972°N 84.56000°W / 38.20972; -84.56000
Country United States
State Kentucky
Counties Scott
Established 1784[1]
Government
 • Mayor Everette Varney (D)
Area
 • Total 15.85 sq mi (25.51 km2)
Elevation 846 ft (258 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 30,872
 • Density 1,873.2/sq mi (1,140.7/km2)
 • Demonym Georgetonian
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
ZIP Code 40324
Area code(s) 502
FIPS code 21-30700
GNIS feature ID 0492790
Website http://www.georgetownky.gov

Georgetown is a 4th-class city in Scott County, Kentucky, in the United States. The 2013 population was 30,872 per the United States Census Bureau.[2] It is the 9th-largest city by population in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It is the seat of its county. It was originally called Lebanon when founded by Rev. Elijah Craig and was renamed in 1790 in honor of President George Washington.[3] It is the home of Georgetown College, a private liberal arts college. Georgetown is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The city's growth began in the mid-1980s, when Toyota built Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky, its first wholly owned United States plant, in the city. The plant, which currently builds the Camry, Camry Hybrid, Venza, and Avalon automobiles, and will build the Lexus ES beginning in 2015,[4] opened in 1988. It is the largest building in terms of acres covered under one building in the United States, with over 200 acres (0.8 km2) occupied. The city previously served as the training camp for the NFL's Cincinnati Bengals.

History[edit]

Ward Hall, a Greek Revival landmark

Native peoples have lived along the banks of Elkhorn Creek in what is now Scott County for at least 15,000 years.[5] European exploration can be dated to a June 1774 surveying expedition from Fincastle County, Virginia, led by Colonel John Floyd. For his military service, he was granted a claim of 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) in the area by the state of Virginia. He named it Royal Spring but did not settle it.[6] John McClellan was the first to settle the area and established McClellan's Station there in 1775, but the compound was abandoned following an Indian attack on December 29, 1776.

In 1782, the Baptist preacher Elijah Craig led his congregation to the site and established a new settlement which he called Lebanon. This was incorporated by the Virginia legislature in 1784.[6] Craig established some of the first mills west of the Appalachian Mountains along the Royal Spring Branch, manufacturing cloth and paper.[7] He also founded a distillery in 1789, as well as a school called the Rittenhouse Academy. This eventually grew into Georgetown College.[8] The city's name was changed to George Town in honor of President George Washington in 1790. When Kentucky became the 15th U.S. state in 1792 and formed Scott County, George Town became its seat of government. The name was formally changed to Georgetown in 1846.[6]

During the Civil War, Georgetown was raided by Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan twice, once on July 15, 1862, and the second time on July 10, 1864.[6] Following the war, the town became a railroad hub, connected to the Cincinnati Southern, the Louisville Southern, and the Frankfort & Cincinnati. The last was considered the "whiskey route" and brought much of the region's bourbon to market.[6] From 1896 to 1987, the Cardome Centre site was the location of a girl's academy founded by the Sisters of Visitation. It now serves as a community center for the city of Georgetown.[9]

Throughout the 20th century, Georgetown has been in transition from an economy based primarily on agriculture, to a diversified one mixing manufacturing, small business, and the family farm. During the 1960s, the construction of Interstate 75 placed the city on one of the busiest highways in America. The selection of Georgetown as the site of Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky in 1985 has resulted in the greatest period of growth in the city's history.[5] The historic Ward Hall, now the home of The Ward Hall Preservation Foundation, is located just outside of Georgetown. Ward Hall was the summer home of Junius Ward. The home represents the height of the Greek Revival period of architecture in Kentucky.

The Georgetown business section has a historic district known as the Oxford Historic District.[10]

Geography[edit]

Georgetown is located at 38°12′52″N 84°33′20″W / 38.21444°N 84.55556°W / 38.21444; -84.55556 (38.214542, -84.555496).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.85 square miles (41 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Georgetown, Kentucky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 41 46 55 66 74 83 86 86 79 68 55 44 65
Average low °F 25 28 36 45 54 63 66 65 58 47 37 28 46
Precipitation inches 3.20 3.31 4.07 3.60 5.26 4.44 4.65 3.25 2.91 3.13 3.53 3.93 45.28
Average high °C 5 8 13 19 23 28 30 30 26 20 13 7 18
Average low °C −4 −2 2 7 12 17 19 18 14 8 3 −2 8
Precipitation mm 81.3 84.1 103.4 91.4 133.6 112.8 118.1 82.6 73.9 79.5 89.7 99.8 1,150.1
Source: The Weather Channel[12]

Demographics[edit]

Cardome Centre
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,684
1870 1,570 −6.8%
1880 2,061 31.3%
1900 3,823
1910 4,533 18.6%
1920 3,903 −13.9%
1930 4,229 8.4%
1940 4,420 4.5%
1950 5,516 24.8%
1960 6,986 26.6%
1970 8,629 23.5%
1980 10,972 27.2%
1990 11,414 4.0%
2000 18,040 58.1%
2010 29,098 61.3%
Est. 2013 30,872 [2] 6.1%
U.S. Census Bureau[13]

As of the 2010 Census,[14] there were 29,098 people 10,733 households, and 7,452 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,836.4 per square mile (709.0/km2). There were 11,957 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 7.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.3% of the population. According to the 2010 census, Georgetown is Kentucky's ninth largest city.[14]

There were 10,733 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09.

The age distribution was 27.9% under 18 and 8.3% who were 65 or older. The median age was 31.7 years. The median income for a household in the city was $51,692. The per capita income for the city was $24,376. About 13.9% of the population was below the poverty line.[14]

Crime[edit]

Scott County Courthouse
Georgetown City Hall

Kentucky State Police crime statistics for 2013 list the crime rate (per 100,000 population) for Georgetown as follows:[15]

Crime Georgetown Kentucky
Arson 3 436
Assault Offenses 488 28,133
Bribery 0 65
Burglary/Breaking & Entering 268 19,422
Counterfeiting/Forgery 51 6,980
Destruction/Vandalism of Property 502 19,354
Drug/Narcotic Offenses 470 40,614
Embezzlement 0 0
Extortion/Blackmail 1 30
Fraud Offenses 112 7,614
Gambling Offenses 0 28
Homicide Offenses 4 244
Kidnapping/Abduction 8 603
Larceny/Theft 1,185 60,442
Motor Vehicle Theft 45 4,299
Pornography/Obscene Material 2 3,735
Prostitution 0 222
Robbery 45 1,944
Sex Offenses (Forcible) 29 4,488
Sex Offenses (Nonforcible) 2 549
Stolen Property Offenses 40 3,348
Weapon Law Violations 27 2,183
Total 3,282 204,733

Economy[edit]

The best selling car in the United States, the Toyota Camry, is manufactured in Georgetown, Kentucky

Top employers[edit]

According to the Georgetown/Scott County Chamber of Commerce 2014 Community Profile,[16] the top employers in the city were:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky 8,300
2 Scott County Schools 1,125
3 Johnson Controls 847
4 Toyota Tsusho 410
5 Georgetown College 385
6 Aichi Forge USA 373
7 Georgetown Community Hospital 370
8 Walmart 334
9 Kroger 300
10 Leggett & Platt 269

Education[edit]

Giddings Hall on campus of Georgetown College in Georgetown, Kentucky.

Georgetown College is a private liberal arts college located in the downtown area of Georgetown.

Public education in Georgetown and Scott County consists of eight elementary schools (grades K-5), three middle schools (grades 6-8) and one high school (grades 9-12). These twelve schools are all part of the Scott County School system. Plans have been in progress for an additional high school and middle school within the city limits for several years due to the expanding population. Scott County High School also houses a separate (though still attached) wing for students in the ninth grade, called the Ninth Grade Center, which was developed to ease the transition for students between middle school and high school. An extended campus of the high school, Elkhorn Crossing School, provides some sophomores and juniors with a curriculum that integrates academic and career-based disciplines. Another unique feature, the Alternative School, is also part of the Scott County High School educational complex. The Alternative School strives to educate students who may have difficulties in a normal classroom setting (for example, those with disciplinary or other concerns).

Public schools located within Georgetown and Scott County include:

Private education in Georgetown and Scott County includes St. John elementary and middle school, Providence Christian Academy elementary and middle school, and Keystone Montessori elementary school.

Healthcare[edit]

Georgetown has one hospital.

UK HealthCare and Baptist Health Lexington have regional campuses in Georgetown. Georgetown also has many nursing facilities, including Signature HealthCARE of Georgetown, Windsor Gardens Retirement Community, and Dover Manor Nursing Home.

Culture[edit]

Georgetown & Scott County Museum

Sister city[edit]

Georgetown has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

News publications[edit]

Georgetown's newspaper, the Georgetown News-Graphic, prints on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Residents of the area commonly subscribe to this locally-geared newspaper in addition to the larger Lexington daily newspaper, the Lexington Herald-Leader.[17]

Royal Spring, the main source of water for Georgetown, Kentucky since the earliest settlement as McClelland's Station in 1775.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Georgetown, Kentucky Kentucky Secretary of State: Land Office. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
  2. ^ a b http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2013/SUB-EST2013-3.html
  3. ^ http://www.georgetownky.com/History/history-new History of Georgetown/Scott County
  4. ^ http://pressroom.lexus.com/releases/toyota+build+lexus+es350+georgetown+ky+plant.htm
  5. ^ a b http://www.georgetownky.com/History/history-new
  6. ^ a b c d e Kentucky Encyclopedia, p. 371. "Georgetown". University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1992. Accessed 26 Jul 2013.
  7. ^ City of Georgetown. "History of Georgetown & Scott County". Accessed 15 May 2013.
  8. ^ Georgetown College. "History".
  9. ^ Cardome Center. "About" and "History".
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Monthly Averages for Georgetown KY". The Weather Channel. 
  13. ^ [2] Retrieved on 2010-12-04
  14. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts: Georgetown (city), Kentucky". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  15. ^ "Crime in Kentucky". Kentucky State Police. Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  16. ^ Georgetown/Scott County 2014 Community Profile
  17. ^ Georgetown News-Graphic URL accessed on 05/13/2013.

External links[edit]