Georgetown, Prince Edward Island

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Georgetown
Town
Georgetown Post Office
Georgetown Post Office
Georgetown, Prince Edward Island is located in Prince Edward Island
Georgetown, Prince Edward Island
Georgetown in Prince Edward Island
Coordinates: 46°11′05″N 62°32′01″W / 46.18459°N 62.53362°W / 46.18459; -62.53362
Country Canada
Province Prince Edward Island
County Kings County
Parish St. George's Parish
Founded 1732
Incorporated 1912
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Mayor Lewis Lavandier
 • Deputy Mayor Wade Williams
 • Councillors Faye McQuillan
Allan Gallant
Michael Gallant
Toby Murphy
Mark Stephen
Area
 • Land 1.65 km2 (0.64 sq mi)
Population (2006)
From Statistics Canada
 • Total 693
 • Density 384.7/km2 (996/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Canadian Postal code C0A 1L0
Area code(s) 902
NTS Map 011L02
GNBC Code BABDH

Georgetown is a Canadian town and the county seat of Kings County, Prince Edward Island. As of 2011, the population was 693.

Geography[edit]

Georgetown, Capital of Kings County, sits on an 8 kilometre long peninsula formed by the Cardigan and Brudenell Rivers, Along with Georgetown Harbour. This peninsula forms part of the township of Kings Royalty and extends into Cardigan Bay, a sub-basin of the Northumberland Strait to the east.

Georgetown Harbour is a deep natural harbour and lies to the south of the town at the confluence of the Brudenell River and the Montague River.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Georgetown
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2
(28)
−2
(28)
1
(33)
6
(42)
13
(55)
19
(66)
23
(73)
23
(73)
18
(64)
12
(53)
6
(42)
0
(32)
9.8
(49.1)
Average low °C (°F) −12
(10)
−12
(10)
−6
(21)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
9
(48)
13
(55)
14
(57)
10
(50)
5
(41)
0
(32)
−7
(19)
1.3
(34.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 104
(4.1)
69
(2.7)
84
(3.3)
56
(2.2)
69
(2.7)
64
(2.5)
80
(3)
91
(3.6)
84
(3.3)
135
(5.3)
107
(4.2)
81
(3.2)
1,024
(40.1)
Source: Weatherbase [1]

History[edit]

This area of eastern Prince Edward Island traces its history of human settlement to the Mi'kmaq Nation which inhabited the area. These people were referred to as "Epegoitnag" and for them, the region was an Acadian forest wilderness containing wild game, as well as fruit, berries and wild nuts for gathering, as well as plentiful marine resources in the nearby rivers and Northumberland Strait. The land in this area was called "Samkook" which translates to 'the land of the sandy shore'.

Georgetown, being the shiretown for Kings County, hosts the county's only provincial court house. It was erected in 1887

Georgetown lies opposite Brudenell Point, which divides the Brudenell River to the north from the Montague River to the south. Brudenell Point was the location of the first permanent Acadian settlement on what the French called Ile-Saint-Jean. Here, entrepreneur Jean Pierre Roma landed in 1732 with approximately 100 settlers to begin a commercial settlement to grow food and catch fish for provisioning the French military garrison at Fortress of Louisbourg on Ile-Royale (now Cape Breton Island). French settlers called the area Trois-Rivieres (Three Rivers). The British burned the village in 1745, the same time they took control of Port-la-Joye.

Following the transfer of control of Acadia to Britain at the conclusion of the Seven Years' War in 1763, the British government survey of St. John's Island by Captain Samuel Holland selected the entirety of Cardigan Point for the capital of Kings County and designated it as the township of Kings Royalty.

The county capital was to be named Georgetown in honour of King George III. The settlement was oriented on magnetic north and a broad street network was designed.

Present-day Georgetown's collection of venerable and beautiful heritage buildings mostly dates to the late Victorian Era at the height of Georgetown's importance in the wooden shipbuilding industry. As one of the most important ports in the colony of Prince Edward Island, the port was selected in 1870 to be the eastern terminus of the Prince Edward Island Railway (PEIR) and became a vital steamship terminal with connections to the Intercolonial Railway on the mainland at Pictou, Nova Scotia. Georgetown's harbour was frequently the only port on the island to be usable during the winter months on account of prevailing wind and tide directions (this being before the Canso Causeway altered sea ice patterns in the Northumberland Strait).

The PEIR mainline from Georgetown extended through Montague Junction (where a spur was built to service nearby Montague) to Mount Stewart and on to Royalty Junction (connection to Charlottetown), Summerside and Alberton.

In the 20th century, Georgetown's industrial base diversified to include the Island's only shipyard, East Isle Shipyard, now owned by J.D. Irving Limited, and well known for its construction of tugs such as Atlantic Spruce, Atlantic Oak and the Royal Canadian Navy's Glen class tugs. The town is also home to the Island's largest saw mill (also owned by JDI). A major seasonal employer is a seafood plant, operated by Seafood 2000 and originally constructed by National Sea Products Limited.

Local attractions[edit]

  • Georgetown is adjacent to Brudenell River Provincial Park which hosts a campground and tourist accommodations. Two of the province's top golf courses are located at the Brudenell River Resort.
  • A lit boardwalk on the water with benches, lookouts, a gazebo and access to the beach.
  • The Confederation Trail works its way through Georgetown offering wonderful water views, perfect for walking or cycling.
  • 10 historical buildings are listed in Georgetown and there is a walking tour showing you these and other buildings of interests.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Georgetown, Prince Edward Island". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°11′19.90″N 62°31′58.10″W / 46.1888611°N 62.5328056°W / 46.1888611; -62.5328056