Georgy Dobrovolsky

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Georgiy Timofeyevich Dobrovolsky
USSR stamp Georgi Dobrovolski cropped.jpg
Nationality Soviet
Born (1928-06-01)June 1, 1928
Odessa, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Died June 30, 1971(1971-06-30) (aged 43)
Outer space
Other occupation
Pilot
Rank Podpolkovnik, Soviet Air Force
Time in space
23d 18h 21m
Selection Air Force Group 2
Missions Soyuz 11
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin

Georgiy Timofeyevich Dobrovolsky (Russian: Гео́ргий Тимофе́евич Доброво́льский; June 1, 1928 – June 30, 1971)[1] was a Soviet cosmonaut who died in outer space.

Biography[edit]

Dobrovolsky, Viktor Patsayev and Vladislav Volkov flew on the Soyuz 11 mission and had the unfortunate distinction to be the second Soviet crew to die during a space flight (after Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov in Soyuz 1).

After a normal re-entry, the capsule was opened and the crew was found dead.[2] It was discovered that a valve had opened just prior to leaving orbit that had allowed the capsule's atmosphere to vent away into space, suffocating the crew.[3]

Dobrovolsky's ashes were placed in an urn in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis on the Red Square in Moscow.[4] He was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin and the title of Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Georgy Timofeyevich Dobrovolsky". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Kluger, Jeffrey (31 January 2013). "Soyuz 11: Georgi Dobrovolski, Victor Patsayev, Vladislav Volkov". Time magazine. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Crew That Never Came Home: The Misfortunes of Soyuz 11". Space Safety Magazine. 28 April 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Ivanovich, Grujica S. (2008). Salyut - The First Space Station: Triumph and Tragedy. Springer. p. 351.