Georgi Todorov (general)

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For other uses, see Todorov.
Georgi Stoyanov Todorov
Georgi Todorov.jpg
Born 10 August 1858
Bolgrad, contemporary Ukraine
Died November 16, 1934(1934-11-16) (aged 76)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Allegiance Bulgaria Bulgaria
Service/branch Bulgaria war flag.png Bulgarian Army
Years of service 1877 - 1919
Rank General
Commands held Seventh Rila Infantry Division
2nd Bulgarian Army
commander-in-chief
Battles/wars Bulair
Kalimantsi
Awards BulgarianWarTimeMeritRibbon.jpg Bg1osa.pngBg1omm.pngPour le Mérite.png

Georgi Stoyanov Todorov (Bulgarian: Георги Тодоров) (born on 10 August 1858 in Bolgrad (contemporary Ukraine); died on 16 November 1934 in Sofia) was a Bulgarian General who fought in the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), Serbo-Bulgarian War (1885), Balkan Wars (1912–1913) and First World War (1914–1918).

Biography[edit]

At the age of 19, he volunteered in the Bulgarian Corps (Opalchentsi) during the Russo-Turkish Liberation War. After the liberation, he graduated the first course of the Military School in Sofia (1879). In 1882, he entered the Sankt Peterburg Academy but could not graduate it because he returned for the Unification of Bulgaria in 1885 and took part in the war that followed immediately after it. During the war against Serbia, he commanded a unit which fought successfully against the enemy in the area of Vidin and Kula.

After the war, he participated in the dethroning of Alexander I and was dismissed from the Army in 1886. Only a year later, he returned to office. On 13 August 1887, he was promoted to Major. On 1 January 1896, Todorov became a Colonel. He served in the Military School and as a chief of the Sevlievo garrison. On 1 January 1910 he was promoted Major General and a commander of the Seventh Rila Infantry Division.

Balkan Wars[edit]

During the First Balkan War (1912–1913) as a commander of the Seventh Rila Infantry Division, he advanced towards Solun and on 26 January 1913 he defeated the Ottomans in the Battle of Bulair.

During the Second Balkan War (1913), he and his division participated in the Battle of Kalimantsi where the Serbs were defeated.

First World War[edit]

After the accession of Bulgaria in the First World War, he commanded the 2nd Army. He led the operations in Macedonia which ended with the defeat of the Serbs in the battle of Ovche Pole. With that success, the Bulgarians did not allow the meeting of the Serbian Army and the Anglo-French forces who embarked in Solun. In February 1917, he was in command of the 3rd Army and defeated the Romanians in Dobrudzha. From 8 September 1918, he became commander-in-chief of the Bulgarian Army after the illness of General Nikola Zhekov. He participated in the Battle of Dobro Pole. He was dismissed in 1919.[1]

General Georgi Todorov died on 16 November 1934 in Sofia.[1]

Honours and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tucker, Spencer C. (2014). ""Todorov, Georgi"". In Tucker, Spencer C. World War I: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 1554. ISBN 9781851099641. 
  2. ^ Указ № 436 от 20 декември 2012 г. за награждаване посмъртно с орден „Стара планина“ първа степен с мечове на генерал-лейтенант Михаил Попов Савов (Държавен вестник, брой 2, 8.1.2013, стр. 3)
  • Азманов, Димитър. Български висши военоначалници през Балканската и Първата световна война, София 2000, с. 237
  • Коев, Илиян и др. Българо-турски военни отношения през Първата световна война. Сборник от документи (1914–1918), София 2004, с. 517

Further Reading[edit]

  • Chary, Frederick B. (2011). The History of Bulgaria. Greenwood. ISBN 9780313384479. OCLC 713022980. 
  • Noykov, Stilyan (1985). "The Bulgarian Army in World War 1, 1915-1918". East European Society in World War I: 403-415.