Georgia–Russia border

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The Georgia–Russia border is the state border between Georgia and Russia. At the border checkpoint operates to skip the road transport: Lars - Stephantsminda. PPC is located on the Georgian Military Highway. That is the only legal checkpoint on the Russian-Georgian border. The capacity of transmission - up to seven thousand people, 50 buses and cars a day.

History[edit]

The borders of the Russian Empire and the Georgian Kingdoms (Kartli Kartli-Kakheti) start interlock in the 18th century, after the merger of North Ossetia to Russia. In 1801, the Kartli-Kakheti Kingdom became a part of Russia, and in 1818 and Imereti.

June 8, 1918 was proclaimed the Georgian Democratic Republic, between the Russian Federation and Georgia border reappeared on the Caucasus range (May 7, 1920 the states officially recognized each other). After the Sovietization of Georgia, from 1921 to 1991 there was the border between the Russian Federation and Georgia (from December 1922, this limit was inside the Soviet Union until 1936 Georgia TSFSR). In the years 1944-1958 the boundary of the RSFSR and the Georgian SSR changed in favor of the latter, so that Georgia was transferred part of the territories to which the deported Chechens and Karachai. As part of Georgia during this period were part of the modern Karachay-Cherkessia (with cities Teberda and Karachaevsk, which was then called Klukhori) and the highlands of modern Chechnya. Before and after this period, the border between the two republics took place mainly through the main range of the Caucasus.

Georgia-Russia war[edit]

Main article: Russia–Georgia war

After the armed conflict in 2008, when the official recognition by Russia as independent states were republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, the border between Georgia and Russia, from the Russian point of view, has undergone significant changes. On the one hand, almost halved its length (694 to 365 km), on the other - it is split into two sections (east and west), which divides the Russian-South Ossetian border. De facto, this has happened before, since the beginning of the 1990s, when Abkhazia and South Ossetia declared independence, and Georgia lost control over their territories. From the Georgian perspective, the Russian-Georgian border after the collapse of the Soviet Union did not change. Accordingly, these terms are separated: the Russian - UN member states to recognize the independence of South Ossetia (except for Russia, it is Venezuela, Nicaragua, Nauru and Tuvalu) and Abkhazia (the countries listed above, and Vanuatu), and Georgia - all other UN member states.

References[edit]