Foreign relations of Georgia

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Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Georgia

Georgia's location, nestled between the Black Sea, Russia, and Turkey, renders it strategically important. It is developing as the gateway from the Black Sea to the Caucasus and the larger Caspian region, but also serves as a buffer between Russia and Turkey. Georgia has a long and tumultuous relationship with Russia, but it is reaching out to its other neighbours and looking to the West in search of alternatives and opportunities. It signed a partnership and cooperation agreement with the European Union, participates in the Partnership for Peace, and encourages foreign investment. France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States all have embassies in Tbilisi.

Georgia is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the OSCE. Because of its strategic location, Georgia is in both the Russian and American spheres of influence,[1] however Georgia's relationship with Russia is at its lowest point since 1921 due to controversies regarding espionage and the 2008 South Ossetia war. As a result, Georgia broke off diplomatic relations with Russia and has left the Commonwealth of Independent States.[2]

Relations by country[edit]

Neighboring countries[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 17 July 1992[3] See Armenia–Georgia relations
  • There are nearly 250,000 Armenians in Georgia, among them 115,000 living in Javakheti and 83,000 in Tbilisi.[4] The Georgian minority in Armenia is less sizable.
  • Armenia and Georgia have a long history of cultural and political relations. The interaction peaked in the Middle Ages when both nations engaged in prolific cultural dialogue and allied themselves against the neighboring Muslim empires. There were frequent intermarriages between Armenian and Georgian the royal and noble families and both ethnicities intermingled in several border areas.
  • Armenia has an embassy in Tbilisi and general consulate in Batumi.
  • Georgia has an embassy in Yerevan.
 Azerbaijan 18 November 1992[5] See Azerbaijan–Georgia relations
 Turkey 21 May 1992[6] See Georgia–Turkey relations


Europe[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania 8 July 1993[9] See Albania–Georgia relations
  • Albania is represented in Georgia through a non resident ambassador based in Ankara, (Turkey).
  • Georgia is represented in Albania through a non resident ambassador based in Ankara, (Turkey).
 Austria 18 January 1993[10]
 Belarus See Foreign relations of Belarus
 Bulgaria 5 June 1992[11] See Bulgaria–Georgia relations
 Cyprus 9 July 1993[14] See Georgia-Cyprus relations
 Czech Republic 1 January 1993[15] See Foreign relations of the Czech Republic
 Denmark 1 July 1992[16] See Denmark–Georgia relations
 Estonia 16 June 1992[17] See Foreign relations of Estonia
 Finland 8 July 1992[18] See Foreign relations of Finland
 France 21 August 1992[19] See Foreign relations of France
 Germany 13 April 1992[20]
 Hungary 14 May 1992[23]
 Italy 11 May 1992[25] See Georgia–Italy relations
 Latvia 11 March 1993[26]
 Lithuania 16 September 1994[28]
 Malta 1 February 1993[31] See Georgia–Malta relations
 Moldova 25 June 1992[32]
 Netherlands 21 April 1992[33]
  • Georgia has an embassy in The Hague.
  • Netherlands has an embassy in Tbilisi.
 Poland 28 April 1992[34] See Georgia–Poland relations
  • Georgia has an embassy in Warsaw.
  • Poland has an embassy in Tbilisi.
 Romania 25 June 1992[35]
 Serbia 26 June 1995[36]
 Sweden 19 September 1992[37] See Georgia–Sweden relations
  • Georgia has an embassy in Stockholm.
  • Sweden has an embassy in Tbilisi.
  • After the war, when Abkhazia and South Ossetia broke away from Georgia, Georgia and Sweden both did not recognize the independence of both states. There were protests near the Russian embassy in Stockholm, as the war was going on 12 August 2008. The protests was held by a group of Georgians and Swedes.
  Switzerland 10 June 1992[38]
 Ukraine 22 July 1992[40] See Georgia–Ukraine relations

Relations between Georgia and Ukraine and between the Georgian and Ukrainian people in particular last from the Middle Ages.

 United Kingdom 27 April 1992[41]

Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes¨
 Brunei 1 March 2010[44]
 India 28 September 1992[45] See Georgia–India relations
 Iran 15 May 1992[47] See Persia-Georgia relations, Georgia–Iran relations
  • Persia and Georgia have had relations for thousands of years.
 Israel 1 June 1992[48] See Georgia–Israel relations
 Japan 3 August 1992[49] See Georgia–Japan relations
 Kazakhstan 24 July 1992[50]
 Malaysia 7 May 1993[51]
 Maldives March 2010[52]
 Pakistan 12 May 1992 See Georgia–Pakistan relations
 People's Republic of China 9 June 1992[53]

Rest of world[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda 11 April 2011[55] Antigua and Barbuda and Georgia established diplomatic relations on 11 April 2011, and signed a joint protocol.[55]
 Bahamas 13 May 2011[56]
 Botswana 15 January 2010[57] See Foreign relations of Botswana
 Canada 23 July 1992[58] See Foreign relations of Canada
 Central African Republic 23 December 2010[59]
 Comoros 26 March 2010[60]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 14 January 2011[61]
 Dominica December 2010[62]
 Dominican Republic 22 January 2010[63]
 Egypt 11 May 1992[64]
 Equatorial Guinea 23 June 2010[66]
 Eritrea 24 February 2012[67]
 Fiji 29 March 2010[68]
 Gambia 21 April 2010[69]
 Grenada 23 November 2011[70]
 Guatemala 27 April 2010[71]
 Guinea-Bissau 9 March 2011[72]
 Guyana 23 April 2012[73]
 Haiti 16 December 2011[74]
 Honduras 9 March 2011[75]
 Mali 9 May 2012[76]
 Mauritius 5 March 2011[77]
 Mexico 8 June 1992[78]
  • Georgia has an embassy in Mexico City.[79]
  • Mexico is represented in Georgia through its embassy in Ankara (Turkey).
  • Mexico has an honorary consulate in Tbilisi.[80]
 Federated States of Micronesia 12 August 2011[81]
 Niger 30 May 2012[82]
 Paraguay 9 March 2010[83]
 Rwanda March 2011[84]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 26 October 2011[85]
 Saint Lucia February 2010[86]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 22 June 2010[87]
 Solomon Islands 12 March 2011[88]
 Somalia 26 February 2011[89]
 South Africa
 South Sudan 15 June 2012[90]
 Suriname 28 May 2011[91]
 Vanuatu 15 July 2013[92] See Georgia–Vanuatu relations
 United States 23 April 1992[93] See Georgia – United States relations

On 9 January 2009, the U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Georgian Foreign Minister Grigol Vashadze signed a Charter on Strategic Partnership, a nonbinding document outlining areas of cooperation and reiterating the U.S. support for Georgia's territorial integrity and to Georgia's NATO membership.[94]

No diplomatic relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Notes
 Macedonia none Georgia has no diplomatic relations with the Republic of Macedonia. Georgia is especially interested in Republic of Macedonia's experience in the process of integration into the Transatlantic structures.[95]
 Nicaragua[96] 14 September 1994[97]28 November 2008[98] Nicaraguan-Georgian diplomatic relations established on 19 September 1994[97] ended on 29 November 2008. The Georgian Foreign Ministry said that it had cut diplomatic ties with Nicaragua in a response to the latter’s recognition of independence of breakaway South Ossetia and Abkhazia.[98]
 Russia[96] 1 July 19922 September 2008[99] See Georgia–Russia relations

On 29 August 2008, in the aftermath of the 2008 South Ossetia war, Deputy Foreign Minister Grigol Vashadze announced that Georgia had broken diplomatic relations with Russia. He also said that Russian diplomats must leave Georgia, and that no Georgian diplomat would remain in Russia, while only consular relations would be maintained. Russian foreign ministry spokesman Andrei Nesterenko said that Russia regretted this step.[100]

 Tuvalu[96] 4 February 2011[101]16 February 2012[102]

On 16 February 2012 Georgia issued a presidential order ending diplomatic relations with Tuvalu. This comes in response to a visit by the Prime Minister of Tuvalu, Willy Telavi, to Abkhazia and South Ossetia in September 2011, where he announced that the Pacific nation would recognise the two states.[102]

Overview[edit]

Foreign relation of Georgia:
  Diplomatic relations established
  No diplomatic relations established
  Diplomatic relations terminated

Georgia has established relations with 171 countries, the Vatican City, Order of Malta and Palestine.[103][104][105]

Georgia has terminated its diplomatic relations with Russia,[96][100] Nicaragua[96][98] and Tuvalu.[96][102]

Georgia has not yet established diplomatic relations with:

  • Barbados, Belize, Venezuela.[96]
  • Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Lesotho, Namibia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, Swaziland, Togo.
  • Bhutan.
  • Cook Islands, Kiribati, Nauru,[96] Niue, Papua New Guinea, Tonga .
  • Macedonia.
  • Sahrawi Republic[96] and the rest of states with limited recognition.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Utiashvili, Tamta. "Why Is a Small State Like Georgia Important for the USA, the EU and Russia?". http://www.e-ir.info/. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Kramer, Andrew. "Georgia and Russia Cut Diplomatic Ties". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Republic of Armenia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  4. ^ a b 2002 Georgia census.
  5. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  6. ^ "Turkey´s Political Relations With Georgia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Turkey). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Embassy of Georgia in Turkey
  8. ^ Embassy of Turkey in Georgia
  9. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Albania". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  10. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Austria". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  11. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Bulgaria". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  12. ^ Bulgarian embassy in Tbilisi
  13. ^ Georgian embassy in Sofia
  14. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Cyprus". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  15. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Czech Republic". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  16. ^ "Bilateral Relations between Georgia and the Kingdom of Denmark". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  17. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Estonia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  18. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Finland". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  19. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of France". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  20. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Federal Republic of Germany". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  21. ^ Georgian embassy in Berlin (in Georgian and German only)
  22. ^ German embassy in Tbilisi (in Georgian and German only)
  23. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Hungary". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  24. ^ Hungarian embassy in Tbilisi
  25. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Italy". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  26. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Latvia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  27. ^ Georgian embassy in Riga
  28. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Lithuania". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  29. ^ Georgian embassy in Vilnius
  30. ^ Lithuanian embassy in Tbilisi
  31. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Malta". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  32. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Moldova". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  33. ^ "Bilateral Relations Between Georgia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  34. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Poland". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  35. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Romania". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  36. ^ "Relations Between Georgia and the Republic of Serbia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  37. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Kingdom of Sweden". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  38. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Swiss Confederation". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  39. ^ Swiss embassy in Tbilisi
  40. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Ukraine". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  41. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  42. ^ British embassy in Tbilisi
  43. ^ Georgian embassy in London
  44. ^ "Brunei establishes diplomatic ties with Georgia". The Brunei Times. 3 March 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  45. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of India". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  46. ^ Indian embassy in Yerevan (also accredited to Georgia)
  47. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Islamic Republic of Iran". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  48. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the State of Israel". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  49. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Japan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  50. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Kazakhstan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  51. ^ "Diplomatic Relations between Georgia and Malaysia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  52. ^ "Georgia established diplomatic relations with the Maldives". Georgia Times. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  53. ^ "Relations between Georgia and the People’s Republic of China". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  54. ^ Chinese embassy in Tbilissi
  55. ^ a b "Diplomatic Relations Established Between Georgia And Antigua And Barbuda". Government of Antigua and Barbuda. 11 April 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  56. ^ "The Bahamas and Georgia establish diplomatic ties". TheBahamasWeekly. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  57. ^ "Georgia, Botswana establish diplomatic relations". Trend.az. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  58. ^ "Relations Between Georgia and Canada". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  59. ^ "Georgia, Central African Republic Establish Diplomatic Relations". Georgian Journal. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  60. ^ "Georgia and the Union of the Comoros established diplomatic relations". Georgian Daily. 26 March 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  61. ^ "Georgia Establishes Diplomatic Ties with DR Congo". Civil.ge. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  62. ^ "Georgia and the Commonwealth of Dominica established diplomatic relations". Georgian Daily. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  63. ^ "Dominican Republic and Georgia establish diplomatic relations". Dominican Today. 25 January 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  64. ^ "Relations Between Georgia and the Arab Republic of Egypt". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  65. ^ Georgian embassy in Cairo
  66. ^ "Georgia and Equatorial Guinea established diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). 24 June 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  67. ^ Georgia and Eritrea establish diplomatic relations
  68. ^ "Georgia and Fiji established diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  69. ^ "Georgia and Gambia established diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  70. ^ Georgia and Grenada establish diplomatic relations
  71. ^ Georgia and Guatemala establish diplomatic relations
  72. ^ "Georgia Establishes Diplomatic Ties with Guinea-Bissau". The Financial. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  73. ^ Georgia and Guyana establish diplomatic relations
  74. ^ Georgia and Haiti establish diplomatic relations
  75. ^ "Georgia and Honduras established diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). 9 March 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  76. ^ Georgia and Mali establish diplomatic relations
  77. ^ "Mauritius and Georgia established diplomatic relations". Business Mega Mauritius. 5 March 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  78. ^ "Georgia and Mexico established diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  79. ^ Georgian embassy in Mexico City
  80. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Turkey
  81. ^ Georgian Daily. 12 August 2011 http://georgiandaily.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=21740&Itemid=65 |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  82. ^ Georgia and Niger establish diplomatic relations
  83. ^ "Georgia and Republic of Paraguay established diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). 10 March 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  84. ^ "Georgia establishes diplomatic relations with Rwanda". Georgia Times. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  85. ^ Georgia and St. Kitts and Nevis establish diplomatic relations
  86. ^ "Georgia established diplomatic relations with Saint Lucia". Georgia Times. 26 February 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  87. ^ Georgia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines establish diplomatic relations
  88. ^ "Georgia, Solomon Islands established diplomatic relations". Solomon Star. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  89. ^ "Georgia, Somalia establish diplomatic ties". Hurriyet. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  90. ^ Georgia and South Sudan establish diplomatic relations
  91. ^ "Suriname, Georgia establish diplomatic relations". Your Suriname News Source. 12 June 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  92. ^ [1]
  93. ^ "Relations Between Georgia and the United States of America". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  94. ^ United States-Georgia Charter on Strategic Partnership. Civil Georgia. 9 January 2009
  95. ^ Georgia-Macedonia relations
  96. ^ a b c d e f g h i Has recognized Abkhazia and South Ossetia independence
  97. ^ a b "Relations between Georgia and the Republic of Nicaragua". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  98. ^ a b c "Georgia Cuts Ties with Nicaragua over S.Ossetia, Abkhazia Recognition". Civil.ge. 29 November 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  99. ^ "Relations between Georgia and Russia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Georgia). Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  100. ^ a b Georgia breaks relations with Russia
  101. ^ "Georgia and Tuvalu established diplomatic relations". Georgian Daily. 4 February 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  102. ^ a b c Civil.ge (17 February 2012). "Georgia Cuts Diplomatic Ties with Tuvalu". Civil Georgia. Retrieved 17 February 2012. 
  103. ^ Georgia and Palestine diplomatic relations
  104. ^ Bilateral Relations
  105. ^ LIST OF COUNTRIES WHICH HAVE DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH GEORGIA

External links[edit]