Georgia Army National Guard
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
|Georgia Army National Guard|
|Branch||Army National Guard|
|Type||ARNG Headquarters Command|
|Part of||Georgia National Guard|
|Garrison/HQ||Camp Clay, Marietta, Georgia|
|Colors||Orange, metallic gold, sea foam|
|Engagements||Battle of the Guards|
|Brigadier General Joe Jarrard|
The Georgia Army National Guard is the Army National Guard component of the Georgia National Guard, administratively part of the Georgia Department of Defense. It consists of more than 11,100 citizen-soldiers training in more than 79 hometown armories and regional facilities across the state. Georgia’s Army Guard is the eighth largest in the nation and includes combat, combat support and combat service support units.
When activated under Title 10, the Georgia Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and is absorbed into the National Guard of the United States. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau. When activated under Title 32, the Georgia Army National Guard remains under state command as it fulfills a federally assigned mission.
- 48th Infantry Brigade Combat Team consisting of:
- 648th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade consisting of
- HHC, 648th MEB
- 620th Signal Company (Detached to West Virginia Army National Guard)
- 348th Brigade Support Battalion consisting of
- HHC, 348th
- Co A, 348th BSB
- Co B, 348th BSB
- 1160th Transportation Company
- 878th Engineer Combat Battalion (Heavy)consisting of
- HSC, 878th EN
- FSC, 878th EN
- 876th EN Co
- 810th EN Co
- 848th EN Co
- 175th EN Detachment
- 874th EN Detachment
- 1048th EN Detachment
- 1st Battalion, 214th Field Artillery Regiment consisting of
- HHB, 1-214th FA
- A Battery, 1-214th FA
- B Battery, 1-214th FA
- C Battery, 1-214th FA
- 1214th Forward Support Company
- 116th Army Band
- 118th PSD
- 185th Aviation Regiment (part of the unit was activated in July 2006 for training; in November 2006 that unit was deployed to Kosovo as a part of Task Force Eagle)
- 560th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
- 221st Military Intelligence Battalion-(Tactical Exploitation)
- 3rd Squadron (R&S), 108th Cavalry Regiment
- Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3-108th CAV
- Troop A, 3-108th CAV
- Troop B, 3-108th CAV
- Troop C (LRS), 3-108th CAV (formerly Company H (LRS), 121st Infantry Regiment)
- 420th Network Signal Company
- 230th Brigade Support Company
- 82nd Maintenance Company
National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary Duty Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant amount of individual activations to support military operations.
Active duty call-ups
For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "one weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or national guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).
The Georgia Army National Guard was originally formed in 1751. The 118th Field Artillery (GA ARNG), which traces its lineage to milita units from Savannah and surrounding Chatham County that served in the War of 1812, is one of only nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812.
The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various U.S. state militias into the present National Guard system. The 121st and 122nd Infantry Regiments, formed from existing Georgia state regiments, formed the 61st Infantry Brigade of the 31st Dixie Division mobilized for World War I. The two regiments served with that brigade from August 1917 to November 1918.
After World War II, the 48th Infantry Division was organized in the state, but on 1 November 1955, was reorganized as the 48th Armored Division. The division was commanded before and immediately after its change of name by Maj. Gen. Joseph Frazer of Hinesville. The new armored division’s authorized strength was 7,727, a drop of more than 2,000 from the Infantry Division; however a non-divisional group of more than 2,000 was also formed during the 1955 reorganization and re-designation of Georgia’s Army Guard units. The 48th Armored Division was disbanded on 1 January 1968.
The 118th Field Artillery was broken up on 1 January 1968 and its elements reorganized and were redesignated, with Headquarters, Headquarters and Service Battery, 1st Battalion, consolidated with Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 48th Armored Division Artillery, and the consolidated unit reorganized and was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 118th Artillery Group. It was redesignated on 9 May 1978 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 118th Field Artillery Brigade.
In 1984-85, the 118th Field Artillery Brigade was headquartered at Savannah and comprised the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 214th Field Artillery, both using 155-mm towed artillery pieces. In the late 1980s the 171st Aviation Regiment was formed in the state.
- McGrath, The Brigade, 169.
- http://www.dod.state.ga.us/firstfridayonline/nov06/index.html, accessed September 2009
- Isby and Kamps, 1985, 385.
- Bibliography of Georgia Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- Georgia Army National Guard, accessed 20 November 2006
- GlobalSecurity.org Georgia Army National Guard, accessed 20 November 2006