HABS photo of Georgia Cottage in 1963
|Location||2564 Springhill Avenue
|Area||6 acres (2.4 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||72000170|
|Added to NRHP||September 14, 1972|
Georgia Cottage, also known as the Augusta Evans Wilson House, is a historic residence in Mobile, Alabama, United States. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 14, 1972, based on its association with Augusta Jane Evans. She was one of the most popular American novelists of the nineteenth century and the first female author in the United States to earn over $100,000 for her work, but has been largely forgotten in recent times.
Colonel John Murrell of Georgia had the Greek Revival style house built in 1840 for his daughter, Mrs. William A. Hardaway. It was then sold in 1855 to Alfred Batre. Augusta Jane Evans purchased the house from Batre in 1857 for her father, Matthew R. Evans, with the proceeds from her first book, Inez: A Tale of the Alamo. Matthew Evans had relocated his family to Mobile from San Antonio, Texas in 1849.
Augusta Evans went on to write two of her most famous novels at Georgia Cottage, Macaria and St. Elmo. She married Lorenzo Madison Wilson in the parlor of the house in 1868. Following her marriage she moved into her husband's Greek Revival mansion, Ashland, namesake of the modern Ashland Place neighborhood. Georgia Cottage remained in the Evans family until 1879, when it was sold to Andrew Damrell. Damrell's heirs sold it in 1926 to J.N. Brownlee, and it was subsequently purchased by Dr. Edward Simmons Sledge in 1935.
Dr. Sledge's son, Eugene Bondurant Sledge, grew up at Georgia Cottage. He served in the United States Marines during World War II and became a noted university professor and author. His memoir With the Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa was, in part, the basis for Ken Burn's PBS documentary, The War, and the HBO miniseries, The Pacific.
Architecture and grounds
Although now deep within the Mobile city limits, Georgia Cottage was a country house when originally built. Slave labor was utilized in its construction.
The one-story wood-frame structure, on a brick foundation, is a stylistic blending of Gulf Coast cottage and Greek Revival forms. It has matching side wings to each side of the main block and a hipped roof.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Augusta Jane Evans Wilson". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- "Augusta Jane Evans (Wilson) (1835-1909)". New Encyclopedia of Georgia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- Sledge, John (2003). "Augusta Jane Evans". The American Center for Artists. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- "Hardaway-Wilson House (Georgia Cottage)". Historic American Buildings Survey. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- "Eugene B. Sledge". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- "Alabama's Famous & Historic Trees Program - 2003". Alabama Forestry Commission. Retrieved 2009-03-13.[dead link]