Georgia House of Representatives

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Georgia House of Representatives
Georgia General Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Lower House
Term limits None
History
New session started January 10, 2011
Leadership
Speaker of the House David Ralston, (R)
Since January 11, 2010
Speaker pro tempore Jan Jones, (R)
Since January 11, 2010
Majority Leader Larry O'Neal, (R)
Since November 9, 2010
Minority Leader Stacey Abrams, (D)
Since November 10, 2010
Structure
Seats 180
Political groups Republican Party (119)
Democratic Party (60)
Independent (1)
Length of term 2 years
Authority Article III, Georgia Constitution
Salary $17,342/year + per diem
Elections
Last election November 6, 2012
(180 seats)
Next election November 4, 2014
(180 seats)
Redistricting Legislative Control
Meeting place
Georgia House of Representatives.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Georgia State Capitol
Atlanta, Georgia
Website
Georgia House of Representatives

The Georgia House of Representatives is the lower house of the Georgia General Assembly (the state legislature) of the U.S. state of Georgia. There are currently 180 elected members.

History[edit]

The Georgia House of Representatives was created in 1777 during the American Revolution, making it older than the U.S. Congress. During its existence, its meeting place has moved multiple times, from Savannah to Augusta, to Louisville, to Milledgeville and finally to Atlanta in 1868.[1]

In 1867, the military governor of Georgia called for an assembly in Atlanta to discuss a constitutional convention. Atlanta officials moved to make the city Georgia's new state capital, donating the location of Atlanta's first city hall. The constitutional convention agreed and the people voted to ratify the decision on April 20, 1868. The Georgia General Assembly first presided in Atlanta on July 4, 1868.[1]

On October 26, 1884, construction began on a new state capitol and was first occupied on June 15, 1889.[1]

Powers and privileges[edit]

The state constitution gives the state legislature the power to make state laws, restrict land to protect and preserve the environment and natural resources, form a state militia under the command of the Governor of Georgia, expend public money, condemn property, zone property, participate in tourism, and control and regulate outdoor advertising.[2]

The state legislature cannot grant incorporation to private persons but may establish laws governing the incorporation process. It is also prohibited from authorizing contracts or agreements that may have the effect of or the intent of lessening competition or encouraging a monopoly.

Privileges[edit]

Members of the Georgia House of Representatives maintain two privileges during their time in office. First, no member can be arrested during session or during committee meetings except in cases of treason, felony, or "breach of the peace". Second, members are not liable for anything they might say in session or committee meetings.

Composition[edit]

According to the state constitution of 1983, this body is to comprise no fewer than 180 members elected for two-year terms. Current state law provides for 180 members. Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even-numbered years.

It is the third largest lower house in the United States (behind New Hampshire (400) and Pennsylvania) (203).[3]

As of 2011, attorneys account for about 16.1% of the membership of the Georgia House of Representatives, a relatively low figure.[4]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Independent Vacant
End of 149th General Assembly 107 73 0 180 0
Begin 105 75 0 180 0
End of 150th General Assembly 112 66 1 179 1
Start of 151st General Assembly[5] 114 63 1 178 2
February 16, 2011[6] 116 180 0
April 29, 2011[7] 115 179 1
May 2, 2011[8] 62 178 2
July 19, 2011[9] 116 63 180 0
July 26, 2011[10] 115 179 1
October 2, 2011[11] 113 177 3
October 18, 2011[12] 114 178 2
November 8, 2011[13] 115 179 1
December 6, 2011[14] 116 180 0
Beginning of 152nd General Assembly[15] 119 60 1 180 0
Latest voting share 66.1% 33.3% 0.6%

Officers[edit]

The House of Representatives elects its own Speaker as well as a Speaker Pro Tempore. The current speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives is David Ralston. The current Speaker Pro Tempore is Jan Jones.[16] The Speaker Pro Tempore becomes Speaker in case of the death, resignation, or permanent disability of the Speaker. The Speaker Pro Tempore serves until a new Speaker is elected. In addition there is a clerk of the House, who is charged with overseeing the flow of legislation through the body. The current clerk is William L. Reilly.[17]

List of committees[edit]

  • Agriculture and Consumer Affairs
  • Judiciary
  • Appropriations
  • Judiciary – Non-Civil
  • Banks and Banking
  • Legislative and Congressional Reapportionment
  • Children and Youth
  • MARTOC
  • Defense and Veterans Affairs
  • Motor Vehicles
  • Economic Development and Tourism
  • Natural Resources and Environment
  • Education
  • Public Safety
  • Ethics
  • Public Utilities and Telecommunications
  • Game, Fish, and Parks
  • Regulated Industries
  • Governmental Affairs
  • Retirement
  • Health and Human Services
  • Rules
  • Higher Education
  • Science and Technology
  • Human Relations and Aging
  • Special Rules
  • Industrial Relations
  • State Institutions and Property
  • Information and Audits
  • State Planning and Community Affairs
  • Insurance
  • Transportation
  • Interstate Cooperation
  • Ways and Means
  • Intergovernmental Coordination

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Capitalization of Georgia, Georgia State Government. (accessed June 2, 2013)
  2. ^ Article III Section VI, Georgia Constitution (accessed June 2, 2013)
  3. ^ brenda erickson (October 11, 2007). "Population and Size of Legislature". Ncsl.org. Retrieved April 5, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Georgia House of Representatives". Georgia House of Representatives. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  5. ^ Republican Tony Sellier (District 136) died November 30, 2010. Republican Mark Williams (District 178) appointed to incoming Gov. Deal's administration December 2010.
  6. ^ Republicans Robert Dickey and Chad Nimmer elected to succeed Sellier and Williams respectively.
  7. ^ Republican Hank Huckaby (District 113) resigned to become University of Georgia chancellor.
  8. ^ Democrat David Lucas, Sr. (District 139) resigned to run for state Senate.
  9. ^ Republican Charles Williams and Democrat James Beverly elected to succeed Huckaby and Lucas, respectively
  10. ^ Republican Bobby Franklin (District 43) died.
  11. ^ Republicans Rick Austin and James Mills (Districts 10, 25) resigned to run for State Senate and to accept an appointment to the state Parole and Pardons Board, respectively.
  12. ^ Republican John Carson elected to succeed Franklin.
  13. ^ Republican Terry Rogers elected to succeed Austin.
  14. ^ Republican Emory Dunahoo Jr. elected to succeed Mills.
  15. ^ "House Members List". 
  16. ^ AJC: Live blogging from the Legislature: David Ralston elected House speaker
  17. ^ [1]

External links[edit]