Georgia Power

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Georgia Power
Type Public
Traded as NYSEGAR
Industry Utilities
Founded 1945
Headquarters Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Key people Paul Bowers (President & CEO)[1]
Employees 8,310 [2]
Website www.GeorgiaPower.com

Georgia Power is an electric utility headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. It was established as the Georgia Railway and Power Company[3] and began operations in 1902 running streetcars in Atlanta as a successor to the Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway Company.

Georgia Power is the largest of the four electric utilities that are owned and operated by Southern Company. Georgia Power is an investor-owned, tax-paying public utility that serves more than 2.25 million customers in all but four of Georgia's 159 counties.[4] It employs approximately 9,000 workers throughout the state. The Georgia Power Building, its primary corporate office building, is located at 241 Ralph McGill Boulevard in downtown Atlanta.

In 2006 the Savannah Electric & Power Company, a separate subsidiary of Southern Company, was merged into Georgia Power.

History[edit]

Originally the Georgia Railway and Power Company, it began in 1902 as a company running the streetcars in Atlanta, and was the successor to the Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway Company. In the 1930s, the company published a free newsletter called Two Bells which was distributed on its streetcars.[5] From 1937 until 1950, Georgia Power also operated trolleybuses in Atlanta, and in 1950 its network of 31 electric bus routes was the largest trolley bus system in the United States.[6] After the Atlanta transit strike of 1950, the Atlanta Transit Company took over operations. Atlanta Streetcar was formed in the 2000s to establish a new streetcar service along Peachtree Street.

The company built several dams, including the Morgan Falls Dam just north of the city, and some as far away as the Tallulah River in the northeast Georgia mountains. These hydroelectric dams form Lake Burton, Lake Seed, Lake Rabun, Lake Tallulah Falls, Lake Tugalo, and Lake Yonah, the last two of which straddle the Georgia – South Carolina border on the Tugaloo River.

Coal power[edit]

Main article: Plant Scherer

Georgia Power operates Plant Scherer.

According to Natural History Magazine, as of 2006 Plant Scherer is the largest single point-source for carbon dioxide emissions in the United States.[7] It was also ranked the 20th in the world in terms of carbon dioxide emissions by the Center for Global Development on its list of global power plants in November 2007. It was the only power plant in the United States that was listed in the world's top 25 Carbon Dioxide producers [2].

Transmission system[edit]

Georgia Power utilizes transmission lines carrying 115,000 volts, 230,000 volts and 500,000 volts. Georgia Power has interconnections with the Tennessee Valley Authority to the north, sister company Alabama Power to the west, South Carolina Electric and Gas and Duke Energy to the east, and Gulf Power (another sister company), Florida Power & Light, Progress Energy Florida and the city of Tallahassee, Florida to the south.

Transition to renewables[edit]

Main article: Coal phase out

Georgia Power asked the state's public service commission for approval to convert the coal-fired Plant Mitchell to run on wood fuel. If approved, the retrofit will begin in 2011 and the biomass plant will start operating in mid-2012. The 96 MW (129,000 hp) biomass plant will run on surplus wood from suppliers within a 100 mi (160 km) radius of the plant, which is located near Albany, Georgia.

Generating facilities[edit]

Georgia Power owns and operates 20 hydroelectric dams, 14 fossil fueled generating plants and two nuclear power plants, which provide electricity to more than 2 million customers.[8]

Hydroelectric dams[edit]

Georgia Power Hydro incorporates 72 hydro electric generating units to produce a generation capacity of 844,720 kilowatts (KW). Georgia Power Hydro facilities also provide more than 45,985 acres (18,609 ha) of water and more than 1,057 mi (1,701 km) of shoreline for habitat and recreational use.

Plant Nearest City Capacity
Barnett Shoals Hydroelectric Generating Plant Athens, Georgia 2,800 kW
Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric Generating Plant Columbus, Georgia 173,000 kW
Burton Hydroelectric Generating Plant Clayton, Georgia 6,120 kW
Estatoah Hydroelectric Generating Plant Mountain City, Georgia 240 kW
Flint River Hydroelectric Generating Plant Albany, Georgia 5,400 kW
Goat Rock Hydroelectric Generating Plant Columbus, Georgia 38,600 kW
Langdale Hydroelectric Generating Plant West Point, Georgia 1,040 kW
Lloyd Shoals Hydroelectric Generating Plant Jackson, Georgia 14,400 kW
Morgan Falls Hydroelectric Generating Plant Sandy Springs, Georgia 16,800 kW
Nacoochee Hydroelectric Generating Plant Clayton, Georgia 4,800 kW
North Highlands Hydroelectric Generating Plant Columbus, Georgia 29,600 kW
Oliver Dam Hydroelectric Generating Plant Columbus, Georgia 60,000 kW
Riverview Hydroelectric Generating Plant West Point, Georgia 480 kW
Rocky Mountain Hydroelectric Generating Plant Rome, Georgia 215,256 kW
Sinclair Dam Hydroelectric Generating Plant Milledgeville, Georgia 45,000 kW
Tallulah Falls Hydroelectric Generating Plant Tallulah Falls, Georgia 72,000 kW
Terrora Hydroelectric Generating Plant Tallulah Falls, Georgia 16,000 kW
Tugalo Hydroelectric Generating Plant Lakemont, Georgia 45,000 kW
Wallace Dam Hydroelectric Generating Plant Eatonton, Georgia 321,300 kW
Yonah Hydroelectric Generating Plant Lakemont, Georgia 22,500 kW

Fossil fuel power plants[edit]

Plant Nearest City Number of Units Capacity
Bowen Steam-Electric Generating Plant (Plant Bowen) Cartersville, Georgia 4 3,160,000 kW
Harllee Branch Jr. Steam-Electric Generating Plant Milledgeville, Georgia 4 1,539,700 kW
William P. Hammond Steam-Electric Generating Plant Rome, Georgia 4 800,000 kW
Kraft Steam-Electric Generating Plant Savannah, Georgia 4 281,136 kW
John J. McDonough Steam-Electric Generating Plant Smyrna, Georgia 2 490,000 kW
McIntosh Steam-Electric Generating Plant Savannah, Georgia 9 810,000 kW
McIntosh Combined Cycle Plant Rincon, Georgia 2 1,240,000 kW
Clifford Braswall McManus Steam-Electric Generating Plant Brunswick, Georgia 2 596,000 kW
W. E. Mitchell Steam-Electric Generating Plant (31°26'41.13"N, 84°8'2.34"W) Albany, Georgia 4 243,000 kW
Robins Steam-Electric Generating Plant Warner Robins, Georgia 2 166,000 kW
Robert W. Scherer Steam-Electric Generating Plant (Plant Scherer) Juliette, Georgia 4 3,272,000 kW
Wansley Steam-Electric Generating Plant Carrollton, Georgia 2 951,872 kW
Allen B. Wilson Combustion Turbine Plant Waynesboro, Georgia 354,100 kW
Eugene A. Yates Steam-Electric Generating Plant Newnan, Georgia 7 1,250,000 kW

Nuclear power plants[edit]

Plant Nearest City Number of Units Capacity
Alvin W. Vogtle Nuclear Electric Generating Plant (Plant Vogtle) Waynesboro, Georgia 2 2,430,000 kW
Edwin I. Hatch Nuclear Electric Generating Plant (Plant Hatch) Baxley, Georgia 2 1,726,000 kW

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.georgiapower.com/about/about.asp
  2. ^ "SEC Filings - Southern Company" (Press release). Southern Company. 
  3. ^ See generally Carson, O. E. "The Trolley Titans" (Interurban Special No. 76)(Glendale, 1981)(0916374467).
  4. ^ http://www.georgiapower.com/about/about.asp/ Georgia Power Company Background
  5. ^ Kurtz, p.69
  6. ^ Sebree, Mac; and Ward, Paul (1974). The Trolley Coach in North America, pp. 14–19. Los Angeles: Interurbans. LCCN 74-20367.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ http://www.georgiapower.com/about/plants.asp

References[edit]

  • Kurtz, Wilber, "Technical Advisor: The Making of Gone With The Wind. The Hollywood Journals", Atlanta Historical Journal, Vol. XXII, No.2, Summer, 1978.

External links[edit]