SR 256 begins at an intersection with US 319/SR 35 in Norman Park. It starts heading northwest and immediately curves to the north. Farther to the north, it crosses Warrior Creek. During its curve to the northwest, the route intersects Scooterville Tifton Road, which leads to Tifton. A short while later, SR 256 passes New Prospect Cemetery. It then meets Sumner Road South, which leads to Moultrie and Sumner. Just after this, it intersects Pine Forest Road, which leads to Tempy and Pine Forest cemeteries. It slides across the southwest corner of Poulan. Finally, it enters Sylvester on East Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive. It heads west, and meets its northern terminus, an intersection with SR 33 in Sylvester. Here, the East Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive designation continues to the west.
No section of SR 256 is part of the National Highway System, a system of routes determined to be the most important for the nation's economy, mobility and defense.